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TCM Chinese Nutrition
1.   The History of Chinese Nutrition
For centuries, Chinese physicians and researchers have documented their search for ways to facilitate the survival and good health of their families and patent. Medicinal therapy was based upon the discoveries that most foods have medicinal qualities, that some medicinal substances are also useful as food, and that the various tastes of substances directly relate to specific medicinal / energetic qualities. They referred to this dynamic as, “Food medicine of shared origin”. This is the basis of Chinese medicine, of Chinese nutrition dietary and therapy.
Historical records indicated that in the early Shang Dynasty (1766-1154BC), people cooked herbs to treat diseases. Yi Yin invented cooking wares and soup and broth making technique. And according to legend, Yi Yin also developed the herbal decoction technique of treating diseases. Our ancestors took advantage of the medicinal qualities of food to prevent and treat disease.
In the imperial palace of the West Zhou Dynasty(1122-721BC), “Food Doctors” selected and prepared meals for kings, using vegetables, fruits, grains, poultry, meats, herbs, and other ingredients, to make food that was both delicious and health preserving. At that time, “Food doctors” had higher status than “disease doctors” (Internists) and “Carbuncle Doctors” (Surgeons). Theses “Food doctors” were the first professional nutritionists.
The “Yellow Emperor’s Canon of Internal Medicine”, believed to written during the periods of the spring and autumn (780-403BC), and the Warring Statues (403-221BC), systematically described nutrition and food therapy. It said: Medicines are toxic and only for excessive pathogens .The five grains are for daily nutrition. The five fruits are for additional nutrition. The five live stocks are for benefiting. The five vegetables are for filling. Mix all the different Qi’s and tastes of food stuff and eat them, to nourish the body and energy”. This book listed ten herbal formulas for oral ingestion. Of these, six used regular foods as ingredients, and all demonstrated of food therapy. This book formed a theoretical and practical foundation for further development of Chinese nutrition and food therapy.
Doctors in the period of Warring States (403-221BC) paid much attention to nutrition and food therapy. Bian Que, a well-Know doctors of that period said, “As a doctor, one should investigate the origin of, and pathological changes created by, diseases and then treat the patient with food. If food does not cure the disorders, then medicine is given.” This important advice has influenced succeeding generations of physicians.
Written about 2,000 years ago, during the Qin (221-216BC) and Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD), “Shen Nong’s Classic of Medicinal Herbs” is recognized as the first Chinese material medica. This test includes references to many grains, fruits, herbs, fishes, poultries and other meats, and minerals. Dates, sesame seeds, grapes, walnuts, lotus seeds (Lian Zi), Chinese yams, beans, scallions, honeys, and salt are examples of substances recognized as having medicinal qualities. Zhang Zhong Jing a preeminent Chinese medical sage, recounted his experiences in using rice and other foods with medicinal herbs, in his book, “A Treatise on Febrile and  Miscellaneous Diseases”. His “angelica, ginger and lamb broth” is still popular to these days. During the Tang Dynasty (670-907AD), Sun Si Miao listed over 154 foods in this book.
“Essential Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Talents of Gold”. He said, “Food can expel pathogens and protect the internal organs, make people happy, and benefits the Qi and blood. A good doctor explores the origins of a disease and and its pathogenesis, then prescribes foods to treat the patient. Medicine should be used only if food therapy fails”. His student Meng Xian wrote the book, “Nourishing Recipes,” in which he increased the number of foods to 241. Zhang Ding Meng’s Student revised this book and named it, Dietetic Materia Medica”, his was the first Chinese book on Dietetic therapies and actions of foods, cooking techniques, and dietary principles were discussed.
During the Song Dynasty (960-1278AD), the government ordered medical officials Wang Huan Yin et al to compile “peaceful Holy Benevolent Prescriptions”, which listed dietetic therapies for 28diseases. Around the same time, Chen Zhi’s book, “Care of Aged Parents,” listed 162dietetic recipes for older people
Dietetic therapy reached a peak during the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1341AD) Huo Si Hui wrote “the Principles of Nutrition and dietetic Therapy”, Based on his experiences as nutritionist for the emperor and his family, in which he described94 courses of food including such factors as types of foods which balance each other and the other in which foods are served, 35 kinds of soup, and 29 recipes for longevity. He also discussed the toxicity of foods and dietary hygiene.
This was the first complete, systematic book on Chinese nutrition and dietetic therapy.
The Ming (1368-1644AD) Dynasties saw an even deeper understanding of nutrition and dietetic therapy develops. The great physician and naturalist Li Shi Zhen (1518-1593AD) wrote “Compendium of The Materia Medica” a monumental work listing many dietary therapy recipes, which placed most foods in the pharmacopeia. At the same time, many nutrition and diet therapy books such as Lu he’s “A Dietary Material Medica”, Bao Sgan’s “The Collection of Vegetables”, and Wang Shixiong’s, “A collection of recipes in Leisure Residence”, were published. All of theses texts discussed the properties, actions and indications of foods, and dietary structure, from different angels.
From the Han dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty, over 300 nutrition and / or dietetic therapy books were published, of which 16 are still extant.
Because of a deep commitment to improving the healing arts, dietetic therapy is continually reaching new levels in modern China. Many books magazines, and pamphlets are presented to health professionals and common people every day. Since the late 1970.s and early 1980’s, many Chinese medical schools have offered Chinese Nutrition course; some have set up Nutrition Departments. Thousands of professional Chinese nutritionists provide services in hospitals, factories, schools, and restaurants. At the same time, many new Chinese food supplements and nutrition products have flooded into the market.
2.   The Chinese Concept of Nutrition
Because food and medicine shared the same origin, and deeply affect our health and state of mind, they should be conceptualized and described in the same way.
2.1 Yin and Yang in Food
Yin Yang theory is the basis of Chinese nutrition and medicine. Foods which have the nature of warmth or intense heat, activation, motion, going upward, and exciting such as ginger, garlic, alcohol, chili, and lamb, belong to yang. Foods which have cool, cold, subduing, contracting, astringing, going downward, and calming, such as peppermint, watermelon, pear spinach, and turtle, belong to Yin. Yang foods can tonify the Yang energy, expel cold, and move Qi and blood. Yin foods can nourish Yin energy, clear heat and subdue hyperactivity.
Studying of colors about Yin and Yang
The colors like blue, indigo, and purple, which belong to the category of yin. For instance, animal liver, animal kidney, animal pancreas, black berry, eggplant, hair-like seaweed, kiwi, poppy seed, purple cabbage, purple plum, purple vine, sea crab, water, etc., are purple, dark purple, indigo or blue. They belong to yin, therefore most of these three colors tonify yin deficiency.
a. Black color has two types, which are moist black bone chicken, black mushroom, black sesame seed, black bean, catfish, Japanese shiitake mushroom, sea cucumber, tortoise, and turtle belong to yin.
b. White color belongs to yin. It possesses a very cold property to reduce the temperature in different organs. Foods such as animal lung, cow milk, egg white, oat milk, lotus root, radish, pear, soy milk, daikon radish, and tofu are in this category
1) Dry black and red belong to yang
Foods such as animal heart, barbecue sauce , black coffee, black pepper, cherry, ham, hot dog, red apple peel, red onion, red radish peel, red salmon, red snapper, rock cod, scorched foods, and tomatoes, are dry black or red
2) Red color affects the blood, circulatory, digestive, heart and smell intestine system.
3) Orange and yellow also belong to yang
Foods in this category are animal stomach, and spleen system, animal spleen, animal pancreas, fat tissue, butter, cabbage, carrot, citrus, egg yolk, lemon, orange, pineapple, yellow corn, etc.
4) Orange and yellow color affects the digestive, immune, muscular, stomach, and spleen system.
5) Dry black affects the essence, liquid and the water of the body.
6) Dry black, red, orange, and yellow colors are classified as yang.
 Green color stays in the middle of the light spectrum acting as a fulcrum to balance the colors.
7) The green gallbladder is very important in classical Medicine.
 Green color affects all the organ and systems, particularly the gallbladder system.
 Green color is classified as in between yin and yang.
8) Dark green and blue affects the gallbladder, hormonal, liver, metabolic, and nervous system.
9) Indigo and purple affect the bone, kidney, reproductive, and urinary bladder system.
10) Moist black also affects the bone, kidney, reproductive, and urinary bladder system.
11) Dark green, blue, indigo, purple and moist black are classified as yin.
2.2Five Element Theory and Food
After being classified as to yin and yang, foods are divided into five subgroups, according to color, tastes, smells, texture, and appearance. For instance, one food may be yin and sweet, while another may be yang and sweet. White fungus (an edible mushroom) can nourish the Lungs because it is white in color, Tortoise, being black, can benefit the Kidneys. Sweet apples, being sweet, can strengthen the Spleen. Vinegar is sour, so it can help the Liver.
The table below is from” The Yellow Emperor’s Canon of Internal Medicine
2.3 Zhang Fu Theory and Food
Zhang Fu theory, one of the basic theories of nutrition, is the study of the physiological functions and pathological changes of internal organs, and the relationships between organs. For example: the Large Intestine are paired, the Lungs being the “interior,” and the Large Intestine being the “exterior,” Any food, therefore, which affects the Lungs, will also affect the Large Intestine: pear clears Lung heat and moistens the Lungs, and also moistens the Large Intestine
One of the unique theories of Chinese nutrition is “Treating Like With Like,” A specific organ or tissue in an animal often has much the same function, nutrients, chemical constituents, and balance of energies as the same organ or tissue in a human, thus giving them a special affinity and nourishing and healing ability for each other: Pork kidneys nourish human kidneys: ox testicles and penis can strengthen male human sexual function: pork or chicken livers can benefit persons having Liver disorders; Pork Lungs can be good for chronic pulmonary diseases; anemic patients will be benefited by pork blood and bone marrow; a person with poor memory, insomnia, and mental weakness may be helped by chicken brains and fish heads, which are rich in lecithin and other brain specific fats that reinforce human central nervous system function. Animal bone marrow contains many T immune cells, so people with compromised immune systems can benefit from eating bone marrow.
2.4 Food and Pathogens
Western medicine defines pathogens as purely physical substances that harm the body, such as bacteria, molds, or viruses. To Chinese medicine, on the other hand, a pathogen might be cold, heat, damp, or wind; these are qualities which can facilitate, exacerbate, or cause physical problems. If a person’s condition is caused by cold, then eating warm or hot food can help; if the problem is heat, then eating cool or cold foods can help. “cool” or “cold” do not necessarily refer to physical temperature, but rather to energetic qualities long recognized by Chinese nutritionists and physicians.
Some foods have specific, predictable affects on pathogens. For example, Chrysanthemum (Ju Hua) expels wind, ginger release cold, mung bean clears heat, watermelon relieves summer heat, Coix seed (Yi Yi Ren) drain dampness, pear moistens dryness, radish resolves food retention, Apricot Kernels (Xing Ren) dissolve phlegm, and Hawthern Berry (Shan Zha) invigorates blood circulation.
2.5 Properties and Taste of Food
In terms of their properties, there are five types of foods: cold, cool, hot, warm and neutral as do hot and warm, differing only in the degree of their coolness or warmth. Generally speaking, cold and cool food, such as watermelon, bitter melon, pear, mung bean, cucumber, tofu, eggplant, rabbit meat, eel and turtle will clear heat and fire, detoxify, and can be used for heat or excessive yang syndromes. Warm or hot foods, such as alcohol, ginger, garlic, mustard, walnut, lamb, and deer meat, warm the yang energy, expel cold pathogens, and can be used for cold or yin syndrome. Neutral foods, such as rice, black bean, Yam, pumpkin, pork duck, egg, and carp, can be used for any condition and especially for patients who are deficient but cannot be nourished; or who have excess but cannot be sedated.
There are five basic food tastes: sour, sweet, pungent, and salty. The neutral or bland taste is in between these tastes. Each food has specific functions, which are related to its taste.
The sour taste is from organic acids, such as citric acid, malic acid, and acetic acid. Acetic acid is antiseptic. Sour taste can promote appetite, strengthen the Spleen and Stomach, improve Liver function, and aid in the absorption of calcium and phosphor. Sour tasting food, such as immature plum, hawthorn berry, and pomegranate can act as an astringent, stopping diarrhea; immature peach stops sweating; processed plum stops vomiting and sweating, and pomegranate can stop  spermatorrhea and leucorrhea.
Bitter taste is from ions of organic alkaline substances. Vegetable leaves, coffee, green tea, and cocoa taste bitter because they contain theophylline (for bronchodilator) and / or caffeine. Bitter tasting foods dry up dampness and clear heat. For example, bitter melon can be used for summer heat and blood heat.
Sweet taste is from sugar. Sugar is the main source of the calories essential for growth of the body. Sweet tasting food nourishes the body, relaxes urgency (from pain, etc), and neutralizes other foods. For example, mulberry fruit (Shang Shen Zi) nourishes the blood and benefits the complexion and the Liver and Kidneys; date strengthens the Spleen and neutralizes hundreds of other foods, grapes nourish the blood, tendons and bones; and moistens the Lungs and relieves abdominal cramping.
Pungent taste comes from capsaicin and capsaicin. It can stimulate stomach and Intestinal peristalsis, and increase production of digestive fluids, thereby increasing the appetite. It also promotes blood circulation and stimulates the metabolism. Pungent flavored food can expel exogenous cold and relieve the exterior. For example, ginger and scallion can be used for wind cold, and chili pepper is good for cold type Stomach pain.
Salty taste comes from chloride ions. Salty foods regulate the balance of osmotic pressure between cells and blood, and regulate metabolism of water and minerals, uplift the energy and appetite, and prevent muscle cramping, dizziness and nausea, Salty foods can soften hardness, moisten yin, and submerge. For example, jelly fish can be used for swollen thyroid.
Bland tasting foods, such as Coix seeds (Yi Yi Ren) have diuretic effect.
2.6 The Direction of Activity in Food
There are four direction of activity of food: ascending, descending, floating, and sinking. Foods which ascend and float tend to go downwards and toward the inside of the body. For
Example, fresh ginger, peppermint, and chrysanthemum tend to ascend and float, and diaphoresis, relieving the exterior, expelling cold and lifting up yang Qi are their actions. Turnip, rhubarb and turtle go downwards and inside, descend the Stomach Qi and Lung Qi, Submerge Yang, clear heat, purge, and astringe.
Although ascending and floating energies go in the same direction, they differ slightly. Floating refers to an action whereby food energy goes to or stays in the upper part of the body, While ascending refers to food energy that not only goes upward or stays in upper part of the body, but also brings other energy up wards. For Example, both chrysanthemum and Astragalus (Huang Qi) work on the head, but chrysanthemum does not bring other energies upwards, while Astragalus does. So the direction of activity of Astragalus is ascending and floating, while that of chrysanthemum is floating. Sinking foods tend to go downwards, while descending foods tend to not only sink themselves, but also to take other energies along with them.
2.7 Meridian affinities of Food
The meridian affinities of foods refer to the affects of food on specific internal organs and meridians. For instance, pear and almond have affinity with the Lungs and people with pulmonary disorders can use these foods; Longan aril (Long Yan Rou) and Lily bulb (Bai He) have affinity with the heart, and people with Heart palpitations should eat them: Mulberry fruit (Shang Shen Zi) and sesame seeds have affinity with the Liver and people with Liver blood deficiency can benefit from these foods.
3. Essential Nutrition for Health
The goal of dietary nutrition is to provide nutrients to enable the body to survive, grow and develop, and to maintain health and prevent some disease. Huo Si Hui said:  “The way for people to stay happy and peaceful is to preserve health. To preserve health one most takes care of the middle (burner). If one can take care of the middle, there will be no disease of deficiency or excess. Therefore one who is not good at preserving health is not as good as one who is good at taking medicine. When they sick, they cannot blame heaven, but themselves.”
3.1 Balance between Different Foods
One cannot stay health eating only one kind of food, because there are critical nutrients, such as some essential amino acids, fatty acids, and vitamins, which cannot be synthesized by other nutrients; they must be acquired directly from foods. There is no one food which provides all the required nutrients for the body. Therefore, we must eat a combination of different foods, in reasonable proportions.
We can group all food into two types: staple and non-staple foods. Staple foods provide calories. These foods are mainly grains, and foods rich in sugar and starches. In Chinese nutrition, these are mostly yang foods. Non-staple foods provide proteins of the body. They are also called protective, In Chinese nutrition, these foods are mostly Yin foods.
3.2 balance between Tastes
Although each food with a particular taste has special nutritional value, eating too much food with one flavor can be harmful. For example, too much food may produce excess gastric juice causing digestive disorders. Too much bitter food may lead to diarrhea and dyspepsia, excess pungent food will increase the burden on the kidneys, triggering hypertension and edema: too much sweet food causes Qi stagnation, increases blood sugar and cholesterol levels leading to overweight and cardiovascular disorders and calcium and vitamin B1 deficiency.
 Studying about natural food taste to the body organs
In nature, some foods are naturally sweet, sour, bitter, spicy, astringent, and bland.
These different tastes are benefit to the different organs.
Foods of the same taste usually have similarities in effect and composition.
Foods of different taste usually have difference in effect and composition.
Spicy foods have the effects of dispersing exopathogens from exterior of the body and promoting the circulation of the energy and blood. Spicy foods are usually used for the treatment of superficial and mild illness caused by invading exopathogens, coldness caused by stagnation of energy, and blood stasis Foods of this taste affect the lung and large intestine systems. If one loves to eat very spicy food, we know that his or her lung or large intestine system is deficient.
Spicy foods such as Daikon radish, garlic, leek, mustard, onion, and pepper, can stimulate energy, particularly the energy of the lung system. It is also good for balancing cold.
Pathologically, cold indicates the first stage of infection in the body.
The spicy taste has its different degrees.
Chili pepper, dried ginger, pepper, and raw garlic are the spiciest foods.
Leek, spearmint, and mustard are the more spicy foods.
Rabbit meat and taro root are less spicy foods.
Sweet foods affect the spleen and stomach systems. Many people crave sugar, and this indicates that spleen or stomach system is sweet taste has the effects of nourishing, replenishing, tonifying, and enriching the different organs within the body. They normalize the functions of the stomach and spleen systems, harmonized the properties of different foods, and relieve spasm and pain. Foods, sweet in taste, are usually effective in treating deficiency syndromes such as, dry cough, constipation due to dry intestine, uncoordination between the spleen and the stomach, and various pains.
Sweet foods such as spinach, watercress, western celery, tomato, carrot, and cucumber, is slightly sweet.
Beef, pork, mutton, chicken, pigeon, shrimp, fish, rice, wheat, barley, oats, millet, potato, pea, mungbean, soybean and corn have more than slightly sweet.
Sweet melon or such as water melon and sugar cane, have the effects of detoxification. If sweet tasting foods, such as water melon and sugar cane, have the effects of detoxification. If sweet taste are too strong, its food value level is lost and it becomes detrimental to health. Candies, cookies, and cakes are sweet and must be avoided
Astringent foods of this taste generally affect the lung, large intestine, kidney, and Ub systems. If one desires astringent foods, his / her lung, large intestine, kidney, or Ub systems needs protection. Foods of this taste have similar as those of the sour taste.
Astringent foods such As persimmon, olive, wild jujube and its seeds, and raw foods, can astringent to stop diarrhea and leucorrhea.
Sour foods are the opposite of astringent and affect the liver and gallbladder systems. If one does not mind having very sour foods, it shows that his / her liver or gallbladder systems dried up. Sour tasting foods have the effects of inducing astringency and arresting discharge. Some foods are often used to treat sweating caused by debility, chronic cough, chronic diarrhea emission, spermatorrhea, enuresis, frequent micturition, chronic leukorrhagia, metrorrhagia, and metrostaxix. Vinegar is a typical sour condiment, which is successful in draining the energy flow of the liver to prevent the formation of gallbladder stones, weight gain, cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, etc..
Vinegar, green plum, raw hawthorn, lemon citrus, and olive are the sourest foods.
Grapes, loquat, mango, pineapple, mandarin, tangerine, peaches, tortoise meat and horse meat are far less sour foods.
Bitter food is very good for the warm for the hot stage of the blood system, heart and small intestine system and vascular system. Bitter tasting foods have the effects of clearing heat, purging fire, sending down the adverse flow of energy to treat cough and vomiting, relaxing the bowels, and eliminating dampness. If one does not mind having bitter foods, it shows that his / her heart or small intestine system is drying. Such foods are mostly used for syndromes of pathogenic fire, cough with dyspnea, vomiting, constipation due to excessive heat, damp-heat syndrome, and damp-cold syndrome.
Not too many people really like the bitter taste but the Chinese have a very famous proverb which says, “Good herbs are beneficial to diseases, although they are bitter to the mouth,”
Confucius (551-478B.C) says, “The superior man eats food but does not also for the benefit of the body, based on the principles of Classical Food Medicine. We do not have too many bitter foods, yet there are quite a few medicinal herbs, which are very important for taking care of our health.
Bitter melon is the bitterest food.
Lotus leaf, black tea, lily bulb, and ginkgo nut are less bitter than above foods.
Bran and mustard leaf are far less bitter foods.
Salty foods of this taste affect the kidney and urinary bladder systems. If one overeat salty foods, his / her kidney or Ub system will have problems. Salty foods have the effects of reliving constipation by purgation, and used in treating constipation, scrofula, goiter, and mass on the body. Selected foods, such as seaweed, kelp, and kumpo are used to help prevent against cancer. Sea cucumber, pork, sea horse, turtle meat, and tortoise crest are good for males under 60years of age and female over 50 years of age.
Salty food is good for the bone system, kidney system, muscular system, nervous system, and reproductive system.
Salt refers to natural salt, such as sea salt or well salt. Sea salt contains magnesium, potassium and sodium. Refined salt is not good, because it consists of sodium chloride only. Natural salt is good for it is well balanced.
Sea water or sea salt is the most salty.
Most sea fish are less salty than above
Chlorella, kelp, sea moss and seaweed are salty, but after natural processing, the food taste is a little less salty than before.
Pork meat and venison are little salty and affect the kidney system.
Bland food is the balanced taste.
Very few foods taste bland foods affect all systems.
No food is completely plain in nature except water. The plain taste often goes along with the sweet taste, such as poria and job’s tears.
Foods of the same taste generally have similar actions, and foods of different tastes have quite different actions. Yet, some foods are the same in color but different in taste, or the same in taste but different in color. Therefore, their effects are not all the same. From this understanding, we know that the properties of a food not be treated separately but should be taken into consideration as an integrated whole.
3.3 Balance between Animal Foods and Vegetable Foods
There have been many arguments over whether a meat and fish, or vegetable diet is better for health. Some people think that vegetarians are healthier and live longer. Grains and vegetables are more alkaline, so vegetarian’s blood is more alkaline, while mea and fish eaters have more acidic blood. Acidified blood affects the metabolism. The fats in grains and vegetables are mostly unsaturated fatty acids. The fiber in vegetarian food can clear up cholesterol deposits in the blood vessels, and promote intestinal peristalsis, thereby reducing absorption of toxins. Vegetarians are less likely to develop hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases caused by arteriosclerosis from high blood cholesterol levels. But some people think that nutrients from grains and vegetables, especially protein, phospholipids, and some minerals, are not enough to maintain a healthy body, particularly for children.
Very strong alkaline foods are Chlorella and sea weed.
Strong alkaline foods are curry, almond, coffee, honey and kumpo.
Less strong than above but still strong foods are pears, plum, mushroom, spinach, soybean, lemon, banana, taro root, fig, carrot, grape, peach, strawberry, and tomato.
Alkaline foods are cabbage, potato, radish, bamboo, lotus root, orange, apple, persimmon, cucumber, onion, watermelon.
Weak alkaline foods are cow milk and tofu
Strong acidic foods are liver, crab, egg yolk, and lobster.
Less strong than above but still strong foods are beef, chicken, egg, pork, mutton, and peanut.
Acidic foods are eel, bread, oyster, white bean, cheese, shrimp, corn flake, pea and lard.
Weak acidic foods are wine, beer, wheat soup and asparagus.
Acid & Alkaline forming foods
Cranberry, Pomegranate, Strawberry
Apple, Apricot, Banana, Blackberry, Cherry, Coconut, Citrus, Date, Fig, Grape, Mango, Huckleberry, Melon, Olive, Papaya, Peach, pear, Persimmon, Pineapple, Plum, raisin, Raspberry
Barley, Oat, Rye, White flour product
Brown rice, Buckwheat, Corn, Sprout grain, Wheat
All meats, Butter, cheese, Dairy products, eggs, Fish, Fowl,   Milk, Yogurt
Cashew, Peanut, pecan, Macadamia nut, walnut.
Almond, Brazil nuts
Pumpkin, Sesame, Sunflower
Sprouted seeds
Lentil, kidney, navy
Lima, Soybean, Sprouted bean
Cane syrup, Malt Syrup, Maple syrup, Brown or Refined sugar
Butter, Cream, Nut
Olive, Soy, Sesame, Sunflower, Cottonseed, Corn, Margarine
All(All vegetable are Alkaline, including starchy type like potatoes, and squash
3.4 Different Diets For the Four Seasons
More than 2,000 years ago, the Chinese people realized the importance of adjusting the diet according to the season. The text, “Ritesin Zhou Dynasty-Heavenly Officer” said that one should have more juice and soup in summertime, because of sweating, and eat more hot, spicy food in winter because of cold weather. Many seasonal factors affect the human body. In the spring, warmth is dominant, in the summer it is hot, in the fall it is dry,” In the summer (or with too much clothing), the skin and subcutaneous tissues open, causing sweating. When it is cold, the skin and subcutaneous tissues close, and the Qi does not flow freely, and body fluid flows downwards to the urinary Bladder, where it becomes urine.
When it is hot, the stimulus of heat affects the temperature regulating center in the hypothalamus, which makes the cutaneous blood vessels expand, increases secretions of the sweat glands, and accelerates breathing to releases heat. At the same time, the hypothalamus lowers muscle tone, decreases secretion of thyroxin, and weakens Liver metabolism, thereby reducing production of heat. When it is cold, the temperature adjusting center in the hypothalamus increases the releases of heat, and reinforces production of heat, thereby maintaining the home thermal status.
In china, There are many local flavors of diet. Usually, foods are sweeter in the south, more salty in the north, more pungent in the east, and sourer in the west. This is harmony with differences in local environments and weather.
In the spring, when the weather is warmer, Yang Qi and blood in the body flow towards the surface of the body, and heat accumulated during the winter begins to release. Spring time diet should be bland, warm food, instead of rich, greasy food. The body did not get enough vitamins in the winter because of lack of fresh vegetables, so one should eat more fresh vegetables, such as spinach, celery, and bamboo shoots, less animal foods that are rich in fat, and less pungent flavors.
In the fall, it is cooler and dryer. People’s appetites pick up. There are many different foods to choose. One should maintain a balance of different foods.
In the winter, it is cold. In order to keep warm and cope with the cold weather, one should eat more rich foods, such as meat and fish with more hot, pungent flavors, such as chili, ginger, garlic and onion. One should eat as much fresh vegetables, especially greens, as possible.
3.5 Different Constitutions Need Different Diets
Everyone is born with certain tendencies toward imbalance of the body’s Qi. A person with a Yang deficient constipation is colder than average, and should eat more warm foods, such as lamb, ginger, cinnamon, shrimp, while a Yin deficient person who tends to be warmer, and should eat more Yin nourishing foods, such as fungi, eggs, pears, etc.
3.   Diet Therapy
Diet therapy, or aliment therapy is a therapy which adjusts the daily diet to diet to treat illness or correct bodily imbalances. It can be a primary or sole treatment, or an adjunct treatment which complements other treatments.
Chinese medicine has been always emphasized diet therapy. Generally, a doctor should first use food to treat the patient, and only if food therapy fails, should he use medicine. For example, People use fresh ginger root and scallion to treat and prevent flu and common cold.
Many medicines, including medicinal herbs, are toxic or harmful to the body. In this case, diet therapy can protect the body from potential damage from these medicines. This is the main reason that some medicines and herbs must be taken with food or after Diet therapy also provides nutrients which are essential for the healing process. “the Yellow emperor’s Cannon of Internal Medicine” said :When a doctor is using Extremely Toxic medicine, he should stop treatment when six-tenths of the disease is gone: If slightly toxic medicine, seven-tenths; if non-poisonous, eight-tenths; after reaching the aforesaid stage of healing, the patient should use grains, meats, fruits, and vegetables to finish the healing process.” People with or after major medical interventions debilitating disease should rely on diet therapy.
Target of therapy
Weakness,Malnutrition,After childbirth,   debilitating disease
Pork, Beef, Milk, Ham, Chicken, Eggs, Carp,
Turtle, Tortoise, eel, pigeon, Sea cucumber,
Mussels, Shark fin, Mushrooms, Longa, Dates, Mulberry fruit, and Lotus seeds (Lian Zi)
Walnut, Sesame seeds, Banana, Persimmon,
 Mulberry fruit, Grapes, Agarics
Celery, spinach Chrysanthemum, Lotus seed sprout ,hawthorn berry, Watermelon, Banana, Persimmon, Agarics, corn silk, Jelly fish, Turtle, Tortoise
Sesame seeds, Walnuts, Sesame oil, Peanut oil,
Sunflower seeds, Agarics, Corn silk, Green tea,
Celery, Mushroom, Hawthorn berry
Kelp, Jelly Fish, Hawthorn berry, Agarics, Mussels
Coronary Heart disease
Hawthorn berry, Chrysanthemum, Kelp
Jelly fish
Heart palpitation, Insomnia
Longa, Red dates, Wheat, Lily bulb, Lotus seeds with sprout
Excessive sweating
Sweet rice, Red dates, Floating wheat, dried immature peach
Flu and common cold
Fresh ginger root, Scallion, Chrysanthemum,
Fermented beans, Parsley
Cough & bronchitis
Apricot, Pear, orange, Persimmon, sugar cane
Lily bulb, winter melon seed, Ginkgo nuts, fig
Olive, White fungus, Bamboo shoot, Jelly fish
Honey, Maltose, rock sugar, pork lung, egg
Ginkgo nuts, Lily bulb, Walnut
Lily bulb, Lotus leaf, Lotus root, Dried persimmon
Chicken liver, Beef liver, pork liver, Longa, eel
Red date
Poor appetite
Tangerine, Lemon, Parsley, Hawthorn berry ginger, Pepper
Peptic ulcer
Cabbage, Maltose
Abdominal Pain (Cold type)
Wine, Ginger, Garlic
Colitis, Enteritis
Garlic, Green tea, Black plum
Diarrhea(Spleen deficiency)
Apple, Chinese yam, Green tea, Coix seed, Lotus seeds, Sweet rice, Old rice, Lentil(Bian du), Pomegranate skin, Lotus root, chestnut, pork stomach, beef
Banana, Pear, Fig, Spinach, Sesame seeds walnuts, Eggplant, apricot seeds, Peach seed, Dried persimmon, Jelly fish, watermelon, Chrysanthemum
Lack of gastric acid
Hawthorn berry, Black plum, vinegar
Watermelon, Winter melon, Corn silk, coix seed
Hepatitis, Liver Cirrhosis
Winter melon, Watermelon, corn silk, Coix seed
Red turtle, carp, black carp
Edema, dysuria
Celery, Day lily flower, Chrysanthemum, Lettuce
Bamboo Shoots, Corn silk, Winter melon, Mango, Watermelon, Soy bean, Red bean, mungbean, Black bean, cucumber, Snail,
Calm, Duck, Frog, Carp, black carp
Impotence, Infertility
Garlic Chive, Shrimp, lamb, beef, deer meat, Dried mussel, sparrow
Weakness, lower back and knee pain
Walnuts, Sea cucumber, Shrimp, Beef, Pigeon, Beef tendon, Pork tendon
Chronic nephritis
Red bean, Corn silk, Watermelon, Watermelon, Carp, Black carp, Pork kidney, Goat milk
Broad bean leaves, Celery, Black Plum, Dried peach, Persimmon, Lily bulb, Dried persimmon, Peanut skin, Lotus leaves, Lotus root, Pomegranate skin
Soy bean, Cherry, Snake
Spinach, Chinese yam, pumpkin, Bitter melon
Lung tuberculosis
Garlic, Gingko nuts, Finless eel
Fever, Sore throat
Mungbean, Bok Choy, Chrysanthemum, Radish, Eggplant, Fig, Bamboo shoots, Tomato, Watermelon, Winter melon, Cucumber, Mango, Banana, Pineapple, Sugar cane, pomegranate, Lotus leaves, Coconut, Litchi frit, Tangerine, grape, Lemon, Peach, Plum, Pear, Chinese Olive
Fried barley, Tomato, Watermelon, Pineapple, sugar cane, pomegranate, Lotus leaves, Coconut, Litchi fruit, tangerine, grape, Lemon, Peach, Plum, Pear, Chinese Olive
Lymphatic nodules
Kelp, Jelly fish, Laver, Taro
Chinese chestnuts, Eel, pork feet, Deer meat, Lamb, Beef, Beef tendon, Pork Tendon
Kelp, Jelly fish, Laver
Heat stroke
Watermelon, Muskmelon, Winter melon, Bitter melon, Coconut, Lotus leaves
Ginger, cayenne pepper
Taro, Agarics, Lily bulb, Fig, Coix seeds, Asparagus, cucumber, Turtle
Intestinal parasites
Pumpkin seeds
Angelica, Hawthorn berry, Peach kernel
Heavy menstrual bleeding
Agarics, Lotus root, Mulberry fruit, Abalone
Lake of lactation
Corn silk, Day lily flower, Lettuce, carp, Pig feet,  Pumpkin seeds, Pea
Boils, Carbuncles
Mungbean, Chrysanthemum, Black bean, Winter melon seeds, Watermelon, Jelly fish
Fig, Persimmon, Pomegranate skin
Night Blindness
Carrot, Pork, Chicken liver, Spinach, Eel
Chrysanthemum, Carrot, Lycii leaves
5. Properties and Tastes of Food
 5.1 Grains
Qi & Taste
Sweet rice
Sweet, warm
Strengthens the Sp, benefits Lungs, stop sweating
Excessive sweating
Old rice
Sweet, neutral
Strengthen the Sp, harmonizes
The St, helps digestion
Indigestion, Diarrhea due to Sp Deficiency
Rice sprouts
Sweet, neutral
Harmonizes the St, helps digestion
Indigestion, Abdominal 
Bloating due to food retention
Sweet, slightly
Relieves thirst, Clears heat
Thirst in summer((fried)
Salty, neutral
Helps digestion, stops lactation
Indigestion, abdominal
bloating due to food retention
Sweet, neutral
Nourishes the Ht & calms the spirit, reduces swelling & pain
(topical application)
Insomnia, excessive dreams, burns (topical application)
Sweet, neutral
Consolidates the surface of the body & stops sweating
Spontaneous and night sweats,
Sweet, neutral
Promotes urination & lactation, cholagogic, lowers blood pressure
Edema, cholecystitis, higblood pressure, hepatitis, urinary tract infection
Sweet, cool
Activates the St, Promotes digestion, benefits Intestines
Dysentery, abdominal pain & diarrhea
Corn silk
Sweet, neutral
Promotes urination & lactation, cholagogic, lowers blood pressure
Edema, cholecystitis, high blood pressure, hepatitis, nephritis, lack of lactation
Sweet, salty, cool
Harmonizes the MJ, strengthen kidneys, clear heat & detoxifies
Vomiting, diarrhea and Diabetes
Sweet, Warm
Benefits weakness
Hemoptysis, Excessive sweating, excessive menstrual bleeding
Coix seeds
Sweet, bland cool
Strengthens Lu and Sp, Clears heat, drains dampness
Diarrhea, edema, beriberi,
Pulmonary abscess and emphysema, warts
5.2 Beans
Qi and Taste
Strengthens the SP and drains
Edema,chronic nephritis
Red bean
Sweet, Sour
Promotes urination, reduces swelling, detoxifies
Dysuria, edema, jaundice,
boils, carbuncle
Sweet, cold
Clears summer heat, promotes
Urination and detoxifies
Summer heat, swelling and
Being poisoned
Sweet, slightly,
Strengthens the Sp, harmonizes the MJ, clears summer heat, drains dampness,
Diarrhea due to Sp deficiency and abdominal bloating in the summer
Sweet, neutral
Harmonizes the MJ, reduces dampness, promote urination
Abdominal bloating, Swelling of ankles,
Breast tenderness due to retention of milk
Sweet, neutral
Strengthens the Sp, promotes urination
Edema due to Sp deficiency, arthritis
Sweet, cold
Inhibits warts
Sweet, cool
Benefits Qi, harmonizes the middle burner, generates body fluid, detoxifies heat toxin
Diabetes, dysentery, blood shot eyes, alcohol and sulfur poisoning
Black bean
Sweet, neutral
Nourishes and activates blood circulation, tonifies the Kidney,
Brightens the eyes, promotes urination, clear heat and toxin
Edema due to Spleen def,
jaundice and carbuncles
Black bean
Bitter, cold
Relieves the exterior, calms nervousness, reduces swelling
Flu and colds, tenderness when stopping nursing
5.3 Vegetable
Qi & Taste
Pacifies the liver, clears heat, expels wind and drains dampness
Hypertension, dizziness, headache, flushed face and blood shot eyes, hematuria, hemorrhoid and hematima due to trauma
Garlic chives
Warms the MJ and promotes
Qi circulation, invigorated blood circulation and detoxifies
Diabetes, hematuria, hemaptysis, hematemasis,
Hematuria, hemorrhoid and hematoma due to trauma
Relieves exterior, promotes
Perspiration, expels cold, and connects Yang, helps digestion
Flu, colds, abdominal bloating
Sweet yam
Strengthen the Lu, Sp
Consolidate kidney
Diabetes,diarrhea,cough and spermatorrhea
Dissolves nodules
Lymph nodues,abdominal
Mass, burn and psoriasis
Ginger root
Expel wind cold and
Relieves the exterior harmonizes the St and stop vomiting
Common cold, Nausea, vomiting
5.4 Squashes & Melons
Qi and Taste
Sweet, Cold
Clear summer heat, Stops
Thirst and promotes urine
Summer heat, thirst and irritability due to excessive heat
Promotes urination, Dissolve
Phlegm, clears heat toxin
Edema,cough,asthma,summer heat, dysentery
Sweet, warm
Nourish Mj Qi, Dissolves
Phlegm,stop pain,detoxifies and Kills bacteria and parasites
Burns, Pulmonary abscess, intercostals neuralgia
Sweet, cool
Moistens the Lu, promotes urination, discharge pus and eliminates inflammation
Cough due to phlegm heat, Lu and Intestinal abscess, edema
Towel gourd
Sweet, neutral
phlegm, cools blood
and detoxifies
Thirst from febrile disease, cough, asthma, hemorrhoids, boils, lack of lactation
Expels parasites
After childbirth and shooping cough
Clear heat, promotes urination and detoxifies
Thirst, sore throat, blood shot eyes, vomiting and diarrhea
Clears summer heat and promotes urination
Summer heat,edema,dysuria
Promotes urination
Clear summer heat, detoxifies and benefits eyes
Summer heat, conjunctivitis
5.5 Fruits
Qi and Taste
Sour, warm
Relax the Liver and harmonizes the St, dries up
Dampness and relaxes tendons and muscles
Muscles cramps, arthritis swelling on the legs, beriberi and dysentery
Red date
Sweet, warm
Nourish Qi and blood, calms shen
Fatigue, anemia, sp deficiency
Mildly warm
Promotes digestion, invigorate blood circulation
Food retention, pain due to blood stasis
Ginkgo fruit
Sweet, neutral
Asthma, chronic cough, leucorrhea, seminal emission, frequency of urination and incontinence
Sweet, neutral
Regulates internal peristalsis and stops diarrhea
Diarrhea, and irritable bowel syndrome
Sweet, neutral
Clear heat, relieves thirst, promotes digestion and stop diarrhea
Dehydration, thirst, diarrhea
Sweet, slightly
Sour, cool
Generates fluid, moistens the dryness, clears phlegm heat
Dehydration, thirst, cough,
Sour, sweet,
Generates fluid, moistens the Lu, dissolves phlegm
Sweet,sour, neutral
Generates fluid, clear heat and promotes urination
Fever, thirst
Benefits the Liver and Kidney
Nourishes Yin and blood
Dizziness,tinnitus,lower back
Nourish Qi and blood,
Strengthen tendons and bones, promotes urination
General weakness, cough,
palpitation,night sweating
Generates fluid,clears summer heat and prevents
Thirst due to summer heat,poor appetite during
Gnerates fluid,moistens the iintestines,invigorates blood
and helps digestion
Constipation,food retention
Promotes appetite, regulates qi,stops coughing,moisthens
the Lungs
Fullness and congestion in the chest,epigastrium,thirst
Clears heat,moisthens the
Canker sore
Clearheat,detoxifies,lubricates Intestines
Thirst with fever,
Nourish Kidney,consolidates Kidneys Qi
Urinary frequency and
Premature ehaculation
Seminal emission
Clears heat, generates fluid
Stop coughing
Nourish qi and blood,benefits the Heart and Spleen, and
General weakness
Clear heat,generate fluid stop
Bleeding,astringe Intestine
Thirst,diarrhea,bloody stools
Generates fluid,benefits blood
Regulate qi,stop pain
Thirst, hiccup,Stomach pain
Toothache,asthma and
Traumatic bleeding
Benefit qi,expel wind damp
Numbness in extremities
Arthritis,frost bite
ClearLung, benefits throut,
Generates saliva,
detoxifies the alcohol
cough,bacterial dysentery thirst,hangover
5.6 Nuts and Seeds
Qi and Taste
Nourishes the Lu and the Ki
Moistens the intestine
Chronic cough and asthma, impotence,constipation,frequent urination
Moistens the Lu, harmonizes the St and stop
Dry cough, vomiting, beriberi,
Lack of lactation and bleeding
Promote coagulation and
Stops bleeding
Chinese chestnut
Strengthens the Sp, the St
Nourishes Ki and tendons,
Invigorates blood circulation and stops bleeding
Vomiting,diarrhea,low back and Leg weakness, lymph nodes,trauma,hemoptysis,hematemesis and bloody stools
Clears heat, cools blood and eliminates pus
Bloody dysentery, abscess
Lotus seed
Nourishes Ht and Ki
Strengthens the Sp and
Astringes the intestine
Urinary & rectal incontinence,
Irregular menstrual bleeding and leucorrhea, insomnia,
Lotus root
Clear heat,cools,blood,
strenthens Sp and St
5.7 Seafood
Qi and Taste
Salty, cold
Softens hardness and promotes urination
Thyroid tumor, lymph nodes, nodules, edema, leucorrhea and testicle pain
Salty, cold
Dissolves phlegm nodules, clear heat and promotes urination
Jelly fish
Salty, cold
Dissolves phlegm and
Dissipates masses, clears heat,moisthens intestines
Dried mussel
Salty, warm
Nourishes the liver blood and Ki essence, dissolves thyroid tumor
General weakness, night sweats,impotence,irregular menstrual blooding, thyroid tumor
Salty, cold
Nourishes Yin,
promotes urination
Dissolves phlegm nodule
Diabetes,edema,nodules,hemorrhoids, irregular urination, impotence, constipation
Sea cucumber
Salty, warm
Nourishes Ki essence and blood
Moisten dryness
Def of blood and essence,
Frequent urination, impotence
Sweet, salty, neutral
Nourishes Yin and blood
Insomnia, irritability and erysipelas
Nourishes Ki Yang, promotes lactation and accelerates the healing of carbuncles
Impotence, lack of lactation
Chronic and refractory celluritis
5.8 Meat
Qi and Taste
Sweet, salty
Nourishes yin and moistens dryness
Dehydration,diabetes,general weakness,drycough, constipation
Pork heart
Sweet, warm
Nourishes Ht blood, subdues and stops panic
Palpitations, Insomnia, spontaneous sweating
Pork stomach
Sweet, warm
Strengthen the Sp,harmonizes the St, nourish Qi and blood
Sweet, Bitter
Nourishes the liver, benefits eyes
Anemia, liver diseases,
Night blindness
Pork Ki
Salty, neutral
Nourishes the kidneys
Low back pain
Pork Lu
Salty, neutral
Benefits the Lu Qi
Cough, asthma, hemoptysis
Pork brain
Sweet, cold
Nourish the bone marrow and
Pork blood
Salty, neutral
Nourishes the bone marrow and brain
Salty, warm
Benefits I and blood, nourishes the Liver and Kid
Malnutrition, general weakness after childbirth and debilitating diseases
Pig feet
Salty, warm
Nourishes the blood, promotes lactation and healing of carbuncles
Lack of lactation, delayed healing of carbuncle
Pork tendon
Sweet, salty,
Nourish es tendons and bones
Muscles weakness and atrophy
Sweet, warm
Strengthens the Sp, and benefits Qi reinforces the bones and tendons
General weakness, edema, weakness and low back and leg soreness
Sweet, warm
Nourishes tendons and bones
Muscles weakness and atrophy
Sweet, neutral
Nourishes Lu, generated fluid and moistens the intestine
General weakness, diabetes,
Constipation, vomiting
Sweet, warm
Benefits I, warms the Sp and
General weakness, low back pain, general cold after childbirth, abdominal pain due to cold
Sweet, warm
Benefits Qi and blood,
Moistens dryness
Malnutrition, chronic nephritis
Rabbit meat
Sweet, cool
Benefits the central Qi, cools
Blood and detoxifies
General weakness, diabetes,
Vomiting, bloody stools
Sweet, neutral
Nourishes internal organs, I and blood
And soreness of low back & leg
Sweet, neutral
Warms the middle burner,
Benefits Qi and essence
General weakness, lack of lactation, edema, diabetes
Sweet, neutral
Nourishes Yin and clear heat
Exhaustion syndrome, steaming
Bone syndrome, diarrhea,
Irregular uterine bleeding
Nourish Yin and blood, moistens dryness and prevent miscarriage
Sore throat, miscarriage, dysentery, burns, hoarse voice, dry cough and general weakness
Sweet,Salty neutral
Nourishes Yin, promotes urination and reduce swelling
Steaming bone syndrome, cough and edema
Duck egg
Clear heat, and detoxifies alcohol
Dysentery and hangover
Nourishes the Ki, Expels wind and detoxifies
General weakness, diabetes amenorrhea, skin diseases
Invigorates the nervous system
General weakness, paralysis, anal prolapsed and skin diseases
5.9 Condiments and Others
Qi and Taste
Swallow’s nest
Slightly salty
Nourish Lu yin,promotes
Eruption of measles, reduce
Urinary frequency
Chronic pulmonary diseases
Such as bronchitis, asthma,
Emphysema, hemoptysis
Sweet, cold
Strengthens the Sp, moisten the Lu
St pain, dry cough and thirst
Sweet, warm
Nourishes the MJ, benefits Qi
Moisten the Lu
Poor appetite, dry cough
Sweet, warm
Nourish the MJ, relaxes the Liv
And invigorating blood circulation
Lochia, thirst, vomiting and chronic cough
Sweet, warm
Tonifies I, stops pain, eases the urgency, moistens the Lu and
Stops coughing
Fatigue, abdominal pain, chronic cough
Sweet, neutral
Nourishes and moistens the Body
General weakness, malnutrition, constipation
Nourishes the internal organs especially the Ki, and stops pain
General weakness, arthritis,
Malnutrition, insomnia
Nourishes the Ki yang, warms
The Sp and St, Expels cold
Accumulation and activities blood circulation
General cold, abdominal pain, diarrhea, amenorrhea
Salty, cold
Clear heat, induces, vomiting,
Cools blood and detoxifies
Food retention, abdominal pain, chest congestion with massive phlegm, sore throat,
Toothache, and gum bleeding
Rice wine
Bitter, warm
Promotes blood circulation, expels cold, and enhances the efficacy of herbs
Arthritis, muscles cramps, chest pain and abdominal pain
Soy sauce
Salty, cold
Clear heat, detoxifies
Burns, insect bites, and poison from drugs, fishes, vegetable
Sour, Bitter,
Dissolves blood stasis, stop bleeding, detoxifies and kills parasites
Stomache, abdominal pain,
poor digestion, jaundice,
Diarrhea, intestinal parasites,
Bloody stool, food poisoning
Green tea
Sweet, cool
Sharpens mind, tranquilize,
Dissolves phlegm, promotes digestion and urination, detoxifies
Headache, mental confusion,
fatigue, irritability, food retention, excessive phlegm,
Sweet, Bitter
Expels wind heat ,detoxifies
Headache, dizziness, blood shut eyes, fever and carbuncle
6. Recipes for Food Therapy
6.1 Bronchitis
Bronchitis includes acute and chronic bronchitis, both of which are mainly characterized by cough, expectoration and dyspnea, known as “cough, phlegm retention and asthma” in TCM.
Common types of syndrome
1) Acute bronchitis
Characterized mainly by the types of wind-cold and wind-heat. Acute attack of chronic bronchitis can referred to the principle of diagnosis and treatment of acute bronchitis on the basis of differentiation of syndrome in TCM.
a. The types of wind-cold
Marked by cough with itching of throat, thin and white expectoration, often accompanied with aversion to cold, fever without sweating, stuffy nose, watery nasal discharge, headache aching pain, in the limbs and so on, thin and whitish fur, floating or floating and tense pulse.
b.The types of wind-heat
Marked by cough, dry and painful throat, difficult expectoration. Sticky phlegm or thick and yellow phlegm, often accompanied with symptoms of aversion to wind, fever, thirst, perspiration, yellow nasal discharge headache and so on, thin and yellow fur, floating and rapid pulse or gloating and slippery pulse.
2) Chronic Bronchitis
It can be divided into types of phlegm-dampness, phlegm-heat and deficiency of the Lung.
a. The types of Phlegm-dampness
marked by cough, white and abundant phlegm which is sticky and greasy or thick, oppressed feeling in the chest and epigastric region, poor appetite, lassitude, white and greasy fur soft and floating and slippery pulse.
b. The types of Phlegm-heat
manifested as cough, abundant and phlegm which is thick or sticky, dyspnea, oppressed feeling in the chest, fever, thirst, red tongue with yellowish and greasy fur, slippery and rapid pulse.
c. The types of Deficiency of the Lung
Symptoms of frequent cough, shortness of breath, low voice, pale complexion, lassitude, pale tongue with thin and white fur, and thread and weak pulse attribute to deficiency of the Lung-qi; while symptoms of frequent dry cough or cough with little or blood tinged sputum, night sweat, dry mouth and throat, feverish sensation in the palms and soles, or low fever, red tongue with thin fur, and thread and rapid pulse belong to deficiency of the Lung yin
6.1.1 Honeyed Radish Drink
a. Ingredients: honey 30g, white radish 1, dried ginger 3g, ephedra 3g.
b. Cooking: Place all ingredients in a bowl and steam them. When they are done, discharge       the ginger and the ephedra, and keep the honey and radish for eating.
c. Comments: It is applicable to acute bronchitis of wind-cold type.
6.1.2 Gruel of Perila Leaf and Apricot Kernel
a. Ingredients: Perila Leaf 9g, bitter apricot kernel 9g, tangerine peel 6g, jing mi 50g.
b. Cooking: Dcoction the first three ingredients in water, sift the liquid from the dregs, then put the rice in with a right amount of water and make them into gruel for eating.
c.Comments :It is applicable to acute bronchitis of wind-cold type.
6.1.3 Drink of Chrysanthemum Flower and Apricot Kernel
a.Ingredients: ju hua 6g, bitter apricot kernel 6g, mulberry leaf 6g.
b.Cooking: Infuse ball the ingredients in boiling water.
c.Serving: To be taken as a drink.
d.Comments: It is applicable to acute bronchitis of wind heat type.
6.1.4 Drink of Honeysuckle flower and Apricot Kernel
a. Ingredients: jin yin hua 15g, bitter apricot kernel 6g,mulberry leaf 6g, platycodon root 3g,
      liquorice 3g.
b. Cooking: Infuse them in boiling water
c. Comments: It is applicable to acute bronchitis of wind-heat type.
6.1.5 Red Tangerine Peel Gruel
a. Ingredients: rad tangerine peel 12g, bitter apricot kernel 6g, sm oryzae 50g.
b. Cooking: Decoct the first two ingredients in water and sift the liquid from the dregs; then add the rice and a right amount of water to the decoction and make gruel out of them.
c. Serving: To be taken once or twice a day.
d. Comments: Applicable to patients suffering from chronic bronchitis of phlegm-dampness type.
6.1.6 Recipe of Daikon and Apricot Seed
a. Ingredients: Daikon root 1lb 2oz ,apricot seeds 1/2oz,pork lung 1/2lb
b. preparation: cut daikon into 2/3 inch cubes, wash pork lung and cut into 2/3inch cubes, and then, put into boiling water for 3 minutes.
c. Cooking: put all three ingredients into a pot with a half gallon of water, add some salt, then cook for at least half an jour.
d. Serving: Eat the Cooked lung and daikon, and drink the broth 2-3 times a day, for 30days.
e. Comments: Indicated for chronic bronchitis with phlegm heat.
6.1.7 Sichuan Fritillary Bulb and Pear Steamed with Additions
a. Ingredient: Sichuan fritillary bulb 6g, lily bulb 15g,crystal sugar 15g, pear 1or 2.
b.Cooking:steam all ingredients together.
c. Serving: The pear, lily bulb and juice are to be taken together.
d. Comments: Indicated for chronic bronchitis with phlegm-heat type.
6.1.8 Gruel of Reed Rhizome and Sichuan Fritillary Bulb
a. Ingredients: Fresh reed rhizome 90g,(45g of reed rhizome),chuan bei mu 9g, bamboo shaving 12g,sm oryzae 100g,crystal sugar powder 15g.
b. Cooking: Decoct the first three ingredients in water, remove the dregs from the water and make them into gruel: finally  put the crystal sugar power into the gruel and cool for a few seconds as to make it dissolve in the gruel.
c. Serving: to be taken in two separate does each day
d. Comments: it is applicable to chronic bronchitis of phlegm-heat type.
6.1.9 Juice of pear steamed with Additions
a. Ingredients: 2-3 Asianpears, and 2oz honey.
b.Preparation:With knife, take out pit through the top of the pear, then, fill the hole with honey.
c.Cooking: eat one pear at bed time for 20-30 days.
e.Comments: Indicated for nonproductive cough with thirst.
6.2.0 Gruel Astragalus Root and Pork lung
a. Ingredients: Pork lung 100g, huang qi 30g, sm oryzae 100g, green onion, fresh ginger, table salt, gourmet powder, right amount each.
b. Cooking: First wash the pork lung clean, boil it a right amount of water. When it is almost done, ladle it out and dice it for later use. Then decoct the astragalus root and remove the dregs. Put the rice and the diced pork lung into the decoction and make them into gruel. Finally season the gruel with the green onion, ginger, table salt, and gourmet powder.
c. Serving: To be taken in two separate doses each day
d. Comments: Indicated for chronic bronchitis due to insufficiency of the lung yin.
6.2.1 Gruel of Lily Bulb, Fragrant Solomonseal Rz, Asparagus Root and Lilyturf
a. Ingredients: lily bulb 30g, Fragrant solomonseal rhizome 12g, asparagus root 12g, lilyturf root 12g, sm, oryzae 100g,hiney 15g
b.Cooking: Decoct the first four ingredients in water vand remove the dregs from the decoction: then add to the decoction, the rice and a right amount of water, cook them into gruel. Finally, when the gruel is done, put in the honey.
c.Serving: To be taken in two separate doses each day
d.Comments: It is applicable to chronic bronchitis due to deficiency of Lung and Kidney’s yin.
6.2.2 Gruel of Kings of Seeds and Egg
a. Ingredients: Ginkgo seed, sweet apricot kernel, walnut kernel, peanut, one egg.
b. Cooking: Grind the First four ingredients into powder according to the ratio of 1:1:2:2 and mix them well.
c. Serving: To be taken cooked along with eggs, once a day in the morning 20g of it and one egg each time. To be taken for half a year in succession.
d. comments: Effective for cough and dyspnea due to chronic bronchitis.
   6.2 Asthma
Bronchial asthma results from bronchospasm and increasing secretion due to allergic reaction, and is characterized  clinically by paroxysmal dyspnea, wheez, cough and expectoration. Its medicated diet treatment can be selected and in used in light of its clinical manifestations based on differential diagnosis.
6.2.1 Recipe of Duck and Caterpillar Fungus
a. Ingredients: One aged duck, and Chinese caterpillar fungus 1/2oz
b. Preparation: clean the duck and stuff Chinese caterpillar fungus into the duck’s abdominal cavity.
c. Cooking: Put duck on a plate, put plate in as teamer, and steam until duck is soft.
d. Serving: Put soy sauce, or other condiment, to taste on the duck meat and eat it Once or twice a week for 4weeks.
e. Comments: For asthma with Kidney yin deficiency
6.2.2 Soup of walnut
a. Ingredients: White rice 3 and 1/3 oz, walnut meat 1oz, water 6-8 cups
b. Cooking: Bring mixture to a boil, then reduce heat and slightly incover the pot, simmer for 25/m.
c.Serving: Drink the rice soup in the morning, for as many days as desired.
d. Comments: for kidney yang deficiency.
6.2.3 Soup of gnigancongbai
a. Ingredients: Ephedra 6g,dried ginger 6g, Gancao 3g, jingmi100g, cong bai 3g.
b.Cooking: Decoct ephedra, ginger and gancao first and strain the dregs out from the decoction: then put the rice into the decoction with a right amount of water and make gruel. Finally when the gruel is done, scatter the cut-up green onion into it.
c.Serving: To be taken twice each day
d.Comments: it can be used as an auxiliary treatment for asthma of cold  type.
6.2.4 Wine of Ginseng, Dongchong bXia Cao 30g,HuTaoRen and Gecko
a. Ingredients: ginseng 30g, dong chong Xia cao30g, hutaoren30g, a pair of gecko(with no head and paws), rice 2000g.
b. Cooking: Soak the first four ingredients in the wine in a tightly sealed ceramic or glass container for 20days. Then sift the clear liquid at the upper part for drinking.
c. Serving: to be taken two twice a day before meals, both in the morning and in the evening, 10 to 20 ml each time. The dregs can be reused and soaked once more by adding a right amount of rice wine to them.
d. Comments: The wine can tonify the Lung and Kidney invigorating the kidney and relieve asthma. Applicable to bronchial asthma at remission stage marked by the syndrome of deficiency of both the Lungs and kidneys.
6.3 Coronary Heart Diseases
Coronary Heart Disease belong to “Obstruction of qi in the chest, angina pectoris and palpitation” in TCM diet therapy is both helpful and beneficial to the prevention, cure and recovery of this disease.
Common types of Syndrome
TCM believes that this disease is in most cases deficiency in origin and excess in superficiality. The deficiency and the excess vary with different patients, but syndrome of deficiency of qi with blood stasis is more common.
1)   Syndromes of deficiency in origin
The syndromes of deficiency of this disease  include deficiency of qi, yin, yang.
Deficiency of the heart qi is manifested as shortness of breath , stuffiness in the chest, dyspnea due to exertion, lassitude, palpitation, disinclination to speak, perspiration, precordial dull pain, pale tongue with teeth mark, weak, thread y and irregular pulse.
Deficiency of the Heart yin is marked by palpitation, vexation, insomnia, dizziness, dryness of mouth and throat, night swe3at, precordial burning pain, reddened tongue, lack of nsaliva, little fur or without fur on the tongue, thread and rapid pulse.
Deficiency of Heart yang is characterized by aversion to cold, mental tiredness, shortness of breath, palpitation or severe palpitation, which is aggravated due to exertion, cold limbs, spontaneous perspiration, oppressed feeling in the chest precordial pain which will be aggravated due to attack by cold, pale and bulgy tongue with white or greasy fur, weak thread slow pulse or irregular pulse.
2)   Syndromes of excess in superficiality
The syndromes of excess of qi, and occurring in the fixed region and severe, accmpanied with oppressed feeling, in the chest for a long tine if not cured, dark red or purplish dark tongue or tongue with ecchymosis, and unsmooth pulse or irregular pulse. Accumulation of phlegm is marked by distinct oppressed feeling in the chest, accompanied with precordial pain, fat, vomiting with sputum or saliva in the vomitus, greasy fur, slippery pulse. Stagnation of qi is symtomatized by fullness and oppressed feeling in the chest, paroxysmal dull precordial pain, not occurring in the same region, desired to sighing, attack or aggravation due to unease of the mind, or accompanied with delch, distending pain in the hypochondria, fullness sensation in the stomach, thin and which fur, wiry or wiry and thready pulse. Accumulation of cold is manifested as sudden precordial pain so severe as if something twisted there, attack or aggravation after exposure to cold, cold hands and feet, perspiration with cold sensation, thin and white fur, and tense pulse.
It is common that a patients indicates not only syndrome of deficiency. In origin but also symptoms of excess in superficiality; if a patient has the manifestation of both deficiency of the Heart qi and blood stasis at the same time, the patient is said to manifest “deficiency of the Heart qi with blood stasis”.
6.3.1 Egg with rice
a. Ingredients: One egg, rice viegar 2oz,raw sugar taste.
b. Preparation: Beat the egg and mix with vinegar and sugar in a bowl.
c. Serving: Drink the mixture once or twice.
d. Comments:For angina pectoris with purple tongue.
6.3.2 Fried Onion
a. Ingredients: Onion 8 and 1/3 oz, cooking wine, salt, sugar.
b. Preparation: Wash onion and cut into strip.
c. Cooking: Stir fry onion strips, add cooking wine, salt and sugar, and stir for one/m
d. Comments: To invigorate blood circulation and dissolve phlegm.
6.4 Essential Hypertension
Medicated diet can be used not only as a supplementary treatment for essential hypertension but also for its prevention and recovery and for health care.
Common types of syndromes
Common symptoms of vertigo and headache, essential hypertension is divided in TCM into three types on the basis of the differentiation of syndromes; flaming up Liver fire, deficiency of both the Liver and Kidney yin and hyperactivity of yang due to yin deficiency.
1)   Flaming up Liver fire
It is mainly manifested as distending pain in the head, dizziness, flushed face, conjunctival, congestion, anger, bitter taste, dry throat or accompanied with tinnitus, deafness, vexation, insomnia, which are aggravated by anger or overstrain, red tongue with yellow fur, wiry and rapid pulse.
2)   Deficiency of both the Liver yin and Kidney yin   
This type of syndrome is mainly manifested as dizziness, headache, dim eyesight, tinnitus, dry mouth, dryness in the eye, insomnia, feverish sensation in the palms and soles, dry mouth, dryness in the eye, insomnia, feverish sensation in the palms and soles, lassitude in the loins and knees, mental tiredness, red tongue with little fur, thread and wiry pulse or thread , wiry and rapid pulse.
3)   Hyperavtivity of yang due to yin deficiency
This syndromes of this type is marked by more serious distending pain in the head, occasionally flush face, anger, vexation, red tongue with thin and yellow fur, wiry, thread and rapid pulse as well as the symptoms of deficiency of the Liver and Kidney yin.
6.4.1 Kelp soup
a. Ingredients: Kelp 1oz, wintermelon 1/2 oz, coix seeds 1/2 oz, little sugar
b. preparation: Peel wintermelon and cut into cubes; cut kelp into 1/3 by 1 inch pices.
c. Cooking: Put all ingredients into a pot with one pint of water, and cook for 20/m
d. Serving: Eat the kelp and wintermelon; and drink the soup once a day for 4-5days, then start over again.
6.4.2 Selery Bittermelon Tea
a. Ingredients: Chinese celery 2oz,bittermelon 1/2oz
b. Preparation: Cut celery into 1 inch length, cut bitter melon in melon in halp and remove seeds.
c. Cooking: Cook the celery and bittermelon in 1qt of water for 15/m
d. Serving: Drink the tea at all
e. Comments: You also can mix celery juice with other vegetable juice. (Chinese celery is more nutritious than regular celery)
6.4.3 Drink of Chrysanthemum flower, Sophora flower and Green tea
a. Ingredients: 1 of tortoise(over 500g), corn stigma 120g)
b.Preparation: Place the tortoise in a basin, pour in hot water; after the tortoise has discharged all its urine, wash it clean and cut off its head and feet, rid it of its internal organs; then put it in an earthenware pot together with the corn stigma and a right amount of water.
c.Cooking: Cook on a strong fire until the water comes to the boil and then cook on with a slow fire until the tortoise is well done.
d.Serving: The flesh of the tortoise is for eating and the soup for drinking. It is used to treat essential hypertension manifested as the type of deficiency of both the Liver and kidney yin
6.4.4 Soup of mungbean and kelp
a. Ingredents: Munbean 90g, kelp 45g, right amount of crystal sugar.
b.Cooking: cook the three ingredients together in water over a strong fire until the water comes to the boil; then cook over a slow fire until the munbean and the kelp are well done.
c.Serving: Taking it regularly can prevent essential hypertension and hyperlipemia, if curative, they should be taken for a long time.
6.5 gastritis and Peptic Ulcer
Stomache is the main symptom of both chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer(gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer), so they are known as “stomachache” in TCM.
Common types of syndromes
1)   Stomach cold
It is manifested as sudden and violent stomachache aggravated when the epigastrium is exposed to cold, alleviated when it is warmed, desired for hot food and drink, thin and whitish fur, wiry and tense pulse
2)   Stagnation of qi
Manifested as distending pain in the stomach which radiates costal region and frequent beching, which will get more serious whenever the patient is angry, thin and white fur, deep and wiry pulse.
3)   Indigestion
It is marked by Stomachache and fullness in the epigastrium, nausea, belching with foul odour, acid regurgitation or vomiting of indigested food, relief of pain after vomiting, thick and greasy fur, wiry and slippery pulse.
4)   Blood Stasis
Marked by stomachache so severe that the patient refuses to be pressed over the affected part, or as if the stomach were being pricked by needles, and the pain stays at the fixed region. It is manifests as hematemesis and melona if the condition gets more severe, and as purplish dark tongue or with eccymosis,wiry and unsmooth pulse.
5)   Deficiency of yin
Manifested as dull Stomach, buring sensation in the Stomach, dry mouth and throat, red and dry tongue, thread and rapid pulse.
6)   Deficient cold
pain in the stomach, desire for warmth and pressure over the affected part, extreme pain before meals, relief after meals, mental tiredness, poor appetite, loose stools, cold extremities in serious cases, pale tongue, deep and thread pulse or slow and moderate pulse.
6.5.1 Pork stomach Stewed with Pepper
a. Ingredients: One pork stomach, pepper seeds 1/2oz, cotton thread.
b.Preparation: Crush pepper seeds and stuff into the pork stomach, then tie both ends of                    stomach tightly with cotton thread.
c.Cooking: Stew the stomach in a pot with water, and stew until it can be punctured easily         with a chopstick.
d.Serving: cut the stomach into 5by 2inch pieces, and eat it with sauce oncea day for 2-3          days. 3-5times as session
e Comments: For stomach yang deficiency with excessive cold in the middle jiao.
6.5.2. Tea of cabbage and maltose
a.Ingredients: Fresh cactus 1-2oz,beef 2-3oz
b.Preparation: put cabbage in juicer, and filter the juice.
c.Cooking: Heat the cabbage juice and melt maltose into it
d.Serving: 1/2 cup twice a day.
e.Comments: cabbage is rich in vitamin U.
6.5.3 Beef Cactus Tea
a. Ingredients; Fresh cactus 1-2oz, beef 2-3oz.
b.Preparation: Slice cactus and beef.
c.Cooking: Stir fry them with soy sauce in a preheated pan, with vegetable oil.
d.Serving: Eat the beef once a day for 5-10 days

6.5.4 Gruel of Galangal Rz and Cyperus Tuber
a.Ingredients: galangal rhizome 9g, cyperus tuber 9g, jingmi 100g
b.Cooking: Decoct the first two ingredients in water, sift the decoction from the dregs; then      add the rice and a right amount of water to the decoction and make them into gruel.
c.Serving: To be taken twice each day
d.Comments: It is applicable to patients suffering from stomachache of Stomach cold type or     that accompanied with symptoms of Stagnation of qi.
6.6 Acute and Chronic Eneritis(Colitis)
Acute and chronic enteritis can be both induced by kinds of causes of disease, but the main clinical manifestation of them is diarrhea in TCM.
Common types of Syndrome
1)   Cold-Dampness(orWind-cold)
Manifested as clear and thin, even watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, borborygmus, stuffiness in the Stomach, poor appetite or accompanied with aversion to cold, fever, headache, stuffy nose, aching pain in limbs, thin and whitish fur or whitish and greasy fur, soft floating and moderate pulse.
2)   Damp-heat(Summer-heat)
Manifested as abdominal pain and diarrhea which is drastic, or accompanied with difficulty, yellow-brown and offensive feces, burning sensation at anus dysphoria, thirst, dark urine, yellow and greasy fur soft, floating and rapid pulse.
Those are two types of syndromes of acute enteritis resulting from attack of exogenic factors.
3)   deficiency of the Spleen
manifested so0metimes as loose stool and at other times as diarrhea, presence of indigested food in the stool, more frequent stools after taking an irregular meal or a bit more greasy food, poor appetite, discomfort and stuffiness in the Stomach after meals, lassitude, sallow complexion, pale tongue with whitish fur, thread and weak pulse.
4)   Deficiency of the Kidney yang.
Marked by abdominal pain before dawn, then borborygums and diarrhea, cold sensation in the abdomen, cold limbs, lassitude in the loins and knees, pale tongue with whitish fur, deep and thread pulse. Those are two common t5ypes of syndromes of chronic enteritis.
6.6.1 Persimmon Longa Ferment
a. Ingredients: Dried persimmon 1oz, longa fruit meat 20pieces, American ginseng 1/2oz, astragalus 1/2oz, Chinese yam 1oz,lotus seeds 1oz, honey and raw sugar to taste.
b.Preparation: Cut each dried persimmon into four pieces. Grind American ginseng and astragus. Cut Chinese yam into 1/4 inch pieces.
c.Cooking: Put all the prepared ingredients, honey and sugar into ceramic jar. Add a little water and flavoring to taste. Put the covered jar in a steamer and steam in low heat for 2-3 hours. If there is juice inside when the jar is opened, steam it again until the juice dries up.
d.Serving: Take 1-2teaspoons of the mixture, 2-3 times per day, for many days.
e Comments: Benefits the Spleen and the Heart, Warms the MJ and Stops diarrhea.
6.6.2 Goose Dried Ginger
a.Ingredients: Goose 1 and 1/2 lb, dried ginger 1/4 oz, cinnamon 2 g, nutmeg 3g, fennel 2g,evodia fruit 3g, soy sauce, cooking wine, sugar.
b.Preparation: Cut goose meat in the cubes. Daub spices onto the goose meat. Soak goose meat in the soy sauce, wine and sugar mixture for 2-3 hours.
c.Cooking: roast the goose meat for 15minutes, turn pieces over, and roast foranother15minutes.
d.Serving: Eat the goose meat once a day.
e.Cooments: Warms and tonifies the Spleen and Stomach, astringes the Intestines.
6.6.3 Gruel of Agastache and Roasted Ginger
a.Ingredients: Agastache 6g,roasted ginger 6g, ledebouriella root 3g, round cardamom seed 3g, jingmi100g.
b.Cooking: Decoct the first four ingredients in water and remove the degs from the decoction: then make gruel with the rice and a right amount of water. When the gruel is done, pour in the decoction and cook them for a few minute.
c.Serving: To be taken hot so that the patients can perspire a bit, which will lead up to a beastcurative effect. It is applicable to diarrhea of wind-cold type or cold-dampness type.
6.7 Constipation
6.7.1 Sesame seed with Spinach
a. Ingredients: Sesame seeds 1oz, spinach 1/2 lb.
b. Cooking: Put spinach into boiling water; remove when leaves are soft. Bake sesame seeds.
c. Serving: Put the spinach in a plate and Spread baked sesame seeds, some salt, and sesame oil over it Eat it once a day.
d. Comments: Nourish yin, clears heat and moistens the Large Intestine.
6.7.2 Soup of Kelp Tofu
a. Ingredients: kelp 1/2, Tofu 3oz, soy sauce, salt, sugar, sesame oil, one clove, and ginger powder.
b. Preparation: Soak dried kelp in water for 1/2 hour, then rinse it with running water, and put it into boiling water for 2-3 minutes. Cut the prepared kelp and Tofu both into 1/4 by 1inch strips.
c. Serving: Put the broth into a salad bowl, add soy sauce, salt, sugar, sesame oil, one pieces of crushed garlic, and fresh ginger powder. Mix them together. Eat once a day
d. Comments: moistens the Large Intestine and prevents colon cancer.
6.7.3 Potato juice
a. Ingredients: Fresh potatoes 1lb, honey 1 oz.
b. Preparation: Clean potatoes, cut into 1/2 inch cubes. Add boiling water, and blend potatoes. Filter the juice, and add honey to the potato juice.
c. Serving: Drink 1/2 cup, morning and evening.
d. Comments: For constipation due to qi deficiency.
6.8 Hepatitis
This disease has major types: icteric and non-icteric.
Icterhepatitis belong to the category of “jaundice” in TCM, marked by icteric sclera and skin, and yellow-colored urine: while nonicteric hepatitis the category of “hypochondriac pain”, “disturbance of the Liver qi” marked by nausea, hypochondriac pain, distension and fullness in the abdomen and lassitude. Medicated dietetic treatment is and auxiliary aid of great importance to the treatment of the disease, which plays a role not ignorable in relieving the patient’s symptoms, and recuperating the health of the organisms.
Common types of syndromes
1)   Bile oozing from GB due to damp heat accumulationg in the Liv and Gb.
marked icteric sclera and skin, and yellow-colored urine, accompanied with fever, irritability, nausea and vomiting, loss of appetitis, yellowish and greasy fur on the tongue, and taut and rapid pulse
2)   Incoordination between the Sp and St.
Caused by accumulation of excessive damp heat in the interior marked by nausea, hypochondriac pain, distension and fullness in the abdomen, lassitude, accompanied with loss of appetite, irritability, white and greasy or yellowish and greasy fur on the tongue, and slippery and rapid pulse.
3)   Stagnation of qi and blood resulting from inccordination between the Liv and Sp.
Marked by wandering or stationary distending pain or piercing pain in hypochondrium, dim complexion, loss of appetite, distension in the abdomen, belching or hepatosplenomegaly, dim and pale tongue or with ecchymoss, thin fur on the tongue, and taut and uneven pulse.
6.8.1 Gruel with Oriental wormwood
a. Ingredients: Jingmi 100g, oriental wramwood 30-45g, white sugar a bit
b. Preparation: Wash the wornwood.
c. Cooking: add 200ml of water to wormwood and decoct it until 100ml of water is left. Drain the tea and dispose of wormwood. Put rice into the herbal tea, add water up to 3times of the volume of rice and cook until the rice well done and extract becomes thick. Add bit of white sugar and go on cooking for awhile until it has boiled for a little while.
d. Serving: Take it two or three times a days as a session.
e. Comments: drains damp heat, for acute hepatitis with jaundice.
6.8.2 Mushroom lean pork
a. Ingredients: Fresh shitamki mushroom and lean pork 3oz, each.
b. Cooking: Cook both with water until the pork is well done
c. Serving: Add salt to taste, eat once or twice a day
d. Comments: Nourish yin and moistens dryness, benefits the Liv and detoxifies.
6.8.3 Loach powder
a. Ingredients: Live loach 6oz
b. Preparation: Put the live loach into clean water for one day, to let them releases all                        excretion.
c. Cooking: Baked the cleaned loach in oven until brownish and crispy. Grind the baked loach    into very fine powder.
d. Serving: Take 1/2oz, loach powder with water three times a day, for 15 days.
e. Comments: Warms the MJ and benefits qi, detoxifies.
6.8.4 Gruel of Carp fish
a. Ingredients: one carp fish, red bean 1/4 lb, dried tangerine peel 1/4 oz.
b. Preparation: Clean the carp
c. Cooking; Put ingredients into a pot, add 1/4 gallon of water, and stew for 1-2 hours.
d. Serving: Remove tangerine peel. Eat fish and bean, and drink soup twice a day.
e. Comments: Clear heat, detoxifies and promotes urination, for jaundice, ascites and edema.
6.8.5 Decoction of Watermelon Peel Red Bean
a. Ingredients: Watermelon peel 50g, Red bean 50g, cogongrass root 50g
b. Cooking: make decoction with altogether.
c. Serving: Take the decoction once a day, for 5 to 7 days successively.
All the above dietetic therapeutic composite recipes can be applied to acute icterohepatitis marked by the type of bile oozing from the GB due to damp heat accumulation in the Liver and GB.
6.8.6 Celery Stewed in Honey
a. Ingredients: Fresh celery 100-150g, honey righ amount
b. Cooking: have the celery washed clean and pounded into a mash to get the juice; stew the juice with honey.
c. Serving; Take the juice warm once a day for a long time.
6.8.7 Recipes of Goant Kntweed rhizome and Honey
a. Ingredients: giant knotweed rhizome 500g,schisandra fruit 250g,honey 1000g.
b. cooking: Clean first two ingredients, put them in an earthenware pot and add water to the            point that the two drugs can be submerged, and soak them for half an hour until  500ml of water and heat it to get extract of about 500ml; remove the dregs and all the extract obtained and the honey into a big earthenware pot which is to be heated     over a low fire, Let the decoction boil for 5minutes, take the pot away from the fire          to let it cool. Pour the decoction in a bottle and cover it right.
c. Serving: take a spoonful at a time after meals, three times a day after infusing it with             boiling water, with two months as a course of treatment.
6.8.8 Recipe of Honey
a. Ingredients: A bowlful of soy bean bean milk, a spoonful of honey, white sugar a bit.
b. Cooking: Put altogether into a small aluminum pan, then, heat it. Take the pan away from         the fire as the soy bean milk has boiled.
c. Serving: Take it as breakfast with other light refreshments.
The above compdsite recipes are applicable to both the type of incardination between the liver and the Stomach caused by damp heat accumulation in the interior, and the type of stagnancy of qi and blood in acute and chronic hepatitis. It can be used as an auxiliary treatment for chronic hepatitis patients.
6.9 Diabetes
This Disease belongs to the category of Xiao Ke in TCM, characterized by polydipsia, polydyuhagia but getting thinner, polyuria or turbid urine. Recuperation by proper diet plays a very important role in relieving the above symptoms of the patients. Therefore, dietetic Chinese drugs and medicated diet are comparatively desirable aids in treating this disease.
Common Types of syndromes
1)Dryness of the lung and drinking, dry mouth and tongue, normal action of Stomach fire. Marked by extreme thirst and excessive drinking, dry mouth and tongue, normal discharge of excrement with frequent urine, red margin and tip of the tongue with thin, yellow coating and rapid pulse.
2)Excessiveness of stomach fire with insufficiency of yin fluid(a general term for various kinds of body fluid, such as blood, saliva, essence). Marked by extreme thirst and excessive drinking, severe hunger, constipation, yellow and dry coating on the tongue and smooth and rapid pulse.
3)deficiency and exhaustion of vital essence and energy due to unconsolidation of the lower jiao. Marked by polyuria, turbid urine, dizziness and wasit-soreness, dry mouth and red tongue, deep and thready pulse.
6.9.1 Pumkin Soup
a. Ingredients; Pumkin 10oz.
b. Preparation: cut pumpkin into 1 inch cubes.
c. Cooking: Boil the Pumpkin with water.
d. Serving: Eat the cooked pumpkin and drink and drink soup twice a day for one month.
6.9.2 Rice Lycii fruit Soup
a. Ingredients: Lycii fruit 1oz,sweet rice 2oz.
b. preparation: put both into a pot and add 20 oz, water.
c. Cooking: Bring mixture to a boil, then turn the heat down and simmer 10 minutes. Turn           heat off and let it set for 15 to 20minutes.
d. Serving: Eat and drink the soup once or twice a day.
e. Comments: Chinese yam can substitute for lycii fruit, or be added to this recipe.
6.9.3 Bamboo shoots
a. Ingredients: bamboo shoots
b. Preparation: Slice bamboo sprouts, soak in soy sauce for a while, then take them out.
c. Cooking; Heat vegetable oil in a pan until oil starts to smoke. Put sliced bamboo sprouts       into the pan stir fry until bamboo shoots look brownish.
d. Serving: Eat bamboo shoots clear heat.
e. Comments: bamboo shoots clear heat.
6.9.4 gruel of Reed Rhizome
a. Ingredients: Fresh reed rhizome 30g, sesame oryzae 50g
b. Cooking: Decoct fresh reed rhizome in 1500ml of water to get 1000ml of extract, and then      add 50g of jingmi to make gruel for eating
c. Serving: Good for persistent oral administration
6.9.5 Gruel of Lucid Asparagus
a. Ingredients: Lucid asparagus 30g, semen oryzae 50g
b. Cooking: Decoct pig’s pancreas 1g, seed of Job’s tears 30g, astrsgalus root 60g,Chinese     yam 120g.
c. Serving: Good for persistent oral administration
The recipes mentioned above have some auxiliary function of treating the types of dryness of the lung and impairment of the body fluid due to scorching action of stomach fire, and insufficiency of yin fluid due to excessiveness of stomach fire. It is recommended that one or two of them be chosen for persistent oral administration.
6.9.6 Pork Skin Soup
a. Ingredients: Pork skin 500g, Rice flour 250g.
b. Cooking: Decoct above two ingredients in water until it smells fragrant, stir and mix it            thoroughly.
c. Serving: Take it warm in times.
6.9.7 Eggs stewed with schisnadra fruit
a. Ingredients: egg(hen’s pigeon’s) 1-2, schisandra fruit 3-5g.
b. Cooking: Stew together for eating
The two recipes cited above can be used to treat the type of deficiency and exhaustion of the vital essence and energy due to unconsolidation of the lower jiao.
6.10  Nephritis
Nephritis is divided into acute and chronic nephritis, both of which are clinically characterized by edema, proteinuria and hypertension. Acute nephritis in most cases falls into the category of “wind edema” and “yang edema”; while chronic nephrtis in most cases falls into the category of “anasarca with shortness of breath”, “Stony edema and yin type edema”. Medicated diet, as an auxiliary treatment, has a positive effect on both the improvement of symptoms of the disease and the recovery of the organisms.
Common types of syndromes
Clinical manifestation of acute and chronic nephritis are different from each other, so are their types of syndromes.
1)   Acute Nephritis
a. Attack of wind-cold on the Lung and stagnationof qi in the San jiao. Manifested as aversion to cold, fever, cough, dyspnea, edeam, of the face and extremities, or accompanied with stuffiness sensation in the chest, thirst, oliguria with tawny urine, dry stools, thin and white fur, floating and tense pulse or deep and thread pulse.
b. Retention of wind-heat in the Lung and accumulation of dampness and toxic materials. Manifested as headache, fever, swelling and sore throat, thirst, and desire for drink, mild edema of the face and extremities at the onset, serious edema gradually developed, oliguria with dark urine and difficult urination, dry stool, red tongue with white fur with yellow center deep and slippery and rapid pulse.
c. Toxic heat attacking the interior causing damage to the yin-blood. Manifested as swelling of tosil, or mild edema, dry mouth, oliguria with dark urine and difficult urination, or blood in the urine which is the same in color as the water that has been used to wash meat, red deep and thread and rapid pulse.
          2) Chronic Nephritis
a. Overflow of water in the body due to insufficiency of both the Spleen yang and the Kidney yang. Manifested as pale or sallow complexion, heavy, abdominal distention so severe as if the abdomen were a drum, cool limbs and aversion to cold, poor appetite, loose stools, oliguria, light-colored urine, aching pain in the waist, pale but corpulent tongue with teeth marks on its margin, thin and white fur, deep and thread pulse or deep and slow pulse.
b. Insufficiency of the both the spleen and kidney with deficiency of essence and blood. Manifested as pale and lusterless complexion, mental and bodily tiredness, lassitude in the loins and knees, albuminuria, pale tongue, weak pulse
b. Hyperactivity of the Liver yang due to deficiency of both the Liver and Kidney yin. Marked as dizziness, headache, poor vision, tinnitus, dysphoria with feverish sensation in the chest, palms and soles, dry mouth, desire for drinking water, restlessness in sleeping, lassitude in the loins and legs, red tongue with fur, wiry thread and rapid pulse.
6.10.1 Two Dragon Soup
a. Ingredients: Red phaseolus been 120g, pokeberry root 9g.
b. Cooking: Decoct them in water
c. Serving: To be drink in one day, it is to be taken for 3to5adys on end. It is used to treat acute nephritis marked by the type of retention of wind-heat in the Lung and accumulation of dampness and toxic material.
6.10.2 Drink of Carp and Wintermelon
a. Ingredient: One carp, soy bean 2oz, wintermelon 6oz,and 1piece of scallion.
b. Cooking: fry the fish on both sides until it turns alight brown, then add soy bean, wintermelon, scallion, and water, and heat until soy beans are well cooked.
d. Serving: Eat the fish and vegetables, and then drink the soup once a day for 15-20 day for both acute or chronic nephritis with syndromes of distinct dropsy, dark urine and difficult urination.
6.10.3 drink of Carp Red Phaseolus Bean
a. Ingredients: One big carp, red phaseolus bean 60g.
b. Cooking: Stew the fish and beans are to be eaten and the soup to be drunk. Table salt should be avoided. It is to be taken in one meal.
d. Comments: It is applicable to patients suffering from acute or chronic nephritis with symptoms of distinct dropsy, dark urine and difficult urination.
6.10.4 Decoction of Houttuynia and Plantain Herb
a. Ingredients: Hb Houttuyniae 60g, plantain 60g.
b. Cooking: Decoct them in water
c. Serving for oral administration.
d. Comments: Applicable to nephritis with symptoms of distinct edema accompanied with yellow and greasy fur.
6.10.5 Decoction of Red Phaseolus Bean and Mulberry bark
a. Ingredients: Red Phaseolus bean 60g, mulberry bark 15g.
b. Cooking: Cook them together in water and when it is done, discard the mulberry bark.
c. Serving: The decoction is to be drunk and the red bean to be eaten.
d. Comments: It is Quite good, when used as an auxiliary treatment, for chronic nephritis patients patients with symptoms of mild edema, a few pus cells in urine proved by uroscopy.
6.10.6 Thic Soup of Waxgourd Carp
a. Ingredients: Carp 500g, Waxgoued 200g,Greenonion10g, Table salt a little bit.
b. Cooking: stew the carp together with waxgourd.
c. Serving: Put green onion and table salt into the stewed carp before it is taken.
d. Comments: It is applicable to patients suffering from chronic nephritis.
6.10.7 honeyed Prepared Rhizome of rehmania and Chinese Yam
a. Ingredients: prepared rhemania 60g,Chinese yam 60g,Honey 500g.
b. Cooking: Wash the first two ingredients clean quickly, place them in an earthenwere pot, pour in three big bowls of water, decoct them over. Slow fire for forty minutes and get a half bowl of the decoction; them add another bowl of cold water to the remaining drug, decoct them for thirty minutes until half bowl of decoction with the honey, pour the mixture into a ceramic basin. Finally steam it with strong fire for two hours, and when it becomes cool, put it into a bottle and cover it tightly.
c. Serving: To be taken after meals with warm boiled water, twice a day, one spoonful each time.
d. Comments: Those who are debilitated due to chronic nephritis can take it as nourishment.
6.11 Headache
6.11.1 Egg Scallion Soup
a. Ingredients: Put 2 egg, 5 whole scallions, shichuan lovage 1/2 oz
b. Cooking: Put the ingredients into a pot with water, bring to a boil, and heat until eggs are solid. Then remove eggs from pot and remove shells. Return the peeled eggs to the pot and heat for 5 minutes.
c. Comments: This formula is good for wind cold headache
6.11.2 Chrysanthemum Tea
a. Ingredients: Chrysanthemum 1oz, sugar 1oz
b. Preparation: Put chrysanthemum in tea pot and with boiling water.
c. Serving: Pour the tea into a cup, add sugar, and stir to dissolve sugar in the tea. Drink a        few cups of tea each day
d. Comments: this formula is good for wind heat headache.
6.11.3 Soup of Salmon and Gastrodia
a. Ingredients: One salmon head, gastrodia 1/2 oz, abalone shell 1/2 oz, fresh ginger 2 slice,    and salt to taste
b. Cooking: Put all ingredients into a ceramic pot with water, and simmer over low heat for      1hour.
c. Serving: take out the herbs and fish head, drink up the soup 2-3 times, finish it in one day.
d. Comments: repeat once every other day for a while, this is suitable for hypertensive headache
6.12 Nervousness
6.12.1 Red date Soup
a. Ingredients: wheat 2-3oz, licorice 1/2 oz, red dates 15 pices.
b. Cooking: Put all ingredients into a pot with water, cook for 20 minutes.
c. Serving: drink the Soup twice a day for a few days.
d. Comments; This is a famous formula from “A Treatise on Febrile Diseases.” It is very effective for anxiety, panic and nervousness, with red tongue without much coating.
6.12.2 Jujube seeds Soup
a. Ingredients:. Jujube seeds 30pices, day lily flower 20pices.
b. Preparation: dry fry until they are brown, after they cool down, grind them
c. Serving: Take all the powder with water before going to bed.
d. Comments: This is a one day supply.
6.13 Cerebrovascular Diseases
Diseases incluing cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral thrombosis, cerebral embolism, subarachnoid hemorrhage, hypertensive cerephalopathy and so on, all belong to the category of apoplexy in TCM. Among them , cerebral hemorrhagia corresponds to “Apoplexy, involving viscera”, cerebral; thrombosis and embolism to “Apoplexy involving channels and collaterals” subarachnoid hemorrhagia generally belongs to “ Wind and phlegm disturbing upwards”, nhypertensive cerephalopathy mostly belong to “hyperactivity of the liver yang, for this disease, refer to Essential Hypertension”. Theses disease are mostly typical of such clinical manifestations as sudden attacks. Facial hemiparalysis, retarded speech or hemiplegia in the mild type; sudden fall and coma in the severe case.
Common types of syndromes
1)   Phlegm aqnd heat accumulated in the interior
Manifested as regaining consciousness after a fainting spell, uttering a sigh and opening the mouth, laryngeal rale, retarded speech, stiff tongue with greasy fur and deep, slippery and forceful pulse.
2)   Blazing of the Liver-fire
Marked by uttering a sigh and opening the mouth after a fainting spell, raucous breathing, restlessness, accompanies with feeling of distension in the head, tinnitus, parietal headache, red margin of the tongue, and wiry and rapid pulse.
3)   Vital qi tending to break
Manifested as closing eyes and opening the mouth, hoarseness and raucous breathing, shortened tongue and darkish complexion, spontaneous perspiration, limbs with coldness extending up to the elbows and knees, involuntary passage of urine and feces, pale tongue, and deep, thread and weak pulse.
4)   Deficiency of the kidney and blockade of the channels and collaterals
Marked by shortened tongue with difficulty in speaking, flaccidity of the feet with difficulty in walking, hemiplegia, reddish tongue, threaddy and weak pulse.
6.13.1 Gruel of Bamboo juice(Succus Bambusae)
a. Ingredients: Juice of Bamboo, sm. Oryzae
b. Cooking: Get bamboo juice(excreted from the baked bamboo stem) and rice, each equal in portion; first, make a gruel with the rice, and when it is done, put in the bamboo juice. Stir and mix it thoroughly for eating
c. Comments: Applicable to phlegm and heat accumulated in the interior
6.13.2 Drink of Waxgourd seeds
a. Ingredients: Waxgourd seeds 30g, brouwn sugar right amount.
b. Cooking: Grind bush-cherry Seeds with 100ml of water, and filter it to get the extract; then, add water until the mixture amounts to 1000ml. Put in rice to make gruel for eating.
c. Comments: Apllicable to phlegm and heat accumulated in the interior
6.13.4 Gruel with Fresh-water Mussel
a. Ingredients: Fresh-water mussel 120g, sm.oryzae 50g.
b. Cooking: Make gruel for eating with two ingredient.
c. Comments: This have a certain curative effect on the type of blazing of Liver-fire.
6.13.5 Power of Pig’s bil and Mungbean
a. Ingredients:Pig’s bile 120g, flour of mungbean 80g,
b. Cooking: Mix mungbean flower thoroughly with pig’s bile and dry it by airing, then, grind it into finde powder.
c. Serving: This have a certain curative effect on the type of b lazing of liver-fire.

6.13.6 Ginseng Decoction
a. Ingredients: Ginseng 10g, tangerine peel 10g, purple perilla leaves 15g.
b. Cooking: decoct all together in 300oml of water
c. Serving: Take it as a drink.
d. Comments: This have a good preventive effect on the syndrome of feeble vital-qi tending to break, so patients who suffer from this syndrome may choose one or two from (F to H) for use.
6.13.7 Decoction of Schisandra Fruit
a. Ingredients: schisandra fruit 10g, purple perilla leaves 18g, ginseng 12g, granulated sugar 100g.
b. Cooking: Decoct the first three ingredients in 300ml of water until 1500ml is left; remove the dregs and let it settle; and add in the granulated sugar.
c. Serving: it can be taken as much as one likes.
d. Comments: same with F.
6.13.8 Powder of Oyster Shell and Wheat
a. Ingredients: Powder of Oyster Shell, Wheat Bran
b. Cooking: Have oyster shell, wheat bran
c. Serving: Take 3g, at a time, twice a day
d. Comments; same with F
6.13. 9 Drink of wolfberry fruit and Ophiopogon Root
a. Ingredients: Wolfberry fruit, ophiopogon Root
b. Cooking: decocvt together equal in portion.
c. Serving: it can be taken as a drink.
d. Comments: Applicable to the deficiency of the Kidney and blockade of the channels and collaterals.
6.13.10 gruel of Rehmannia root
a. Inredients: Juice of rehmannia root 100ml, sm. Oryzae
b. Cooking: Make gruel with rice first, and when it is done, put in the juice of rehmamnnia root and stir thoroughly before eating.
c. Comments: same with I
6.13.11 Gruel of Asparagus Root
a. Ingredients: Lucid asparagus root 30g, sm.oryzae 50g.
b. Cooking: Make gruel for eating with both of them.
c. Comments: same with I
6.13.12 Gruel of Chinese yam (Rz.Dioscoreae) and Yolk
a. Ingredients: 3 of Yolks of cooked eggs , Chinese yam.
b. Cooking: Put three yolks of cooked eggs intothe gruel of Chinese yam for use.
c. Comments: same with I
6.14 Arthritis
6.14.1 Lean Pork Meat Sauce
a. Ingredients: Lean pork meat 3 oz, cayenne pepper root 3 oz.
b. Cooking: Cook ingredients with water for 30-50minutes.
c. Serving: Add sause or salt to taste. Eat the meat and drink the soup once a day for 7 to 10 days.
d. Comments: For cold Bi syndrome(arthritis)
a. Ingredients: Fresh cayenne pepper 10 pieces, daikon root one pieces.
b. Preparation: Blend ingredients together.
c. Application: apply the paste on the affected joint for half a hour, once or twice a day for a few days
d. Comments: right after application, there may be a little irritation on the skin.
6.14.3 Aconite and ginger Soup
a. Ingredients: Raw mother root of aconite 3-5g, rice 2oz, fresh ginger juice 10 drops, honey to taste.
b. Cooking: Put rice into a pot with water. Bring to a boil, then add aconite, reduce heat and stew for half an hour. Add ginger juice and honey and heat it a few minutes longer.
c. Serving: Drink the soup once a day for 5-7 days.
d. Comments: Aconite is toxic to the Heat: this formula is not for patients who take digitalis or who have other Heart problems.
6.14.4 Eggplant Wine
a. Ingredients: eggplant root 3oz, liquor 2cups.
B. Preparation: soak eggplant root in liquor at least 3days before serving.
c. Serving: drink liquor15ml at a time, twice a day.
6.15  Impetgo
Of all sorts of suppurative dermatoses, this is a more one. At the initial stage, herpes appear in the affected region. After diabrosis, yellow pussy water flows out, and the region becomes an erosive surface, itching and aching.
Common types of Syndromes
The most common syndrome is stagnation of noxious dampness with invasion of pathogenic wind. At the initial stage herpes appear in the affected region of the skin. When the herpes ulcerate, yellowish pussy water flow out. It has a nature of lingering, accompanied with irritability, dark urine, red tongue with yellowish greasy fur, and slippery and rapid pulse.
6.15.1 Decoction for detoxicating and eliminating dampness
a. Ingredients: Honeysuccle vine(Caulis lonicerae) 10g, cogongrass rhizome 10g.
b. Cooking: Decoct them altogether.
c. Serving:Take the Decoction as a drink
6.15.2 decoction of Oriental Wormwood and Talc
a. Ingredients: Oriental wormwood 10g, talc 10g, brown sugar 30g.
b. Preparation: decoct altogether in water.
c. Serving: take the decoction as a drink.
6.15.3 Recipe of Egg and chiness Scholartree Seed
a. Ingredients: huai Jiao 30g, one hen’s egg, sesame oil right amount.
b.Cooking: Mix the huai jiao with the egg white, and then parch and grind the seeds into powder.
c. Serving: Apply it externally on the affected part after mixing it with sesameoil.
6.16 Hemorrhoid
Hemorrhoid is an anal disease caused by varicose hemorrhoidal veins. There are external and mixed hemorrhoid according to clinical manifestations. Medical treatment has more desirable curative effect.
Common types of syndromes
1)   Blood stagnation
At the initial stage of hemorrhoid, it is marked by mucosal congestion, discomfort with pruritus ani to the accompaniment of foreign body sensation. It may cause a little bleeding and pain as a result of blood stagnation, adê°€ red tongue, choppy pulse.
2)   Damp-heat type
Marked bt a sensation of bearing-down, distending and burning pain in the anus, hematochezia, constipation or loose stool, scanty dark urine, dry mouth with bitter taste, red tongue with thick yellowish and greasy fur, wiry and rapid pulse.
3)   Blood deficiency
Marked by dizziness, tinnitus and pale complexion due to long term hematochezia, pale tongue with thin whitish fur, and deep and thread pulse.
6.16.1 decoction of Black edible Fungus
a. Ingredients: black edible fungus 6g, dried persimmon 50g, brown sugar 50g.
b. Cooking: Decoct altogether in water.
c. Serving: take adose daily for five to six days.
d. Actions: This recipe is applicable to blood stagnation type.
6.16.2 Steamed Pig’s Gallbladder
a. Ingredients: Three to five of pig’s gallbladder.
b. Cooking: steam a Pig’s gall bladder in a bowl for twenty minutes.
c. Serbving: Usually take three to five gall bladders this way.
d. Actions: This is applicable to those suffering from the hemorrhoids of blood stasis or damp heat type and having pain, swelling and constipation.
6.16.3 soup of carp
a. Ingredients: carp 1(about 250g), garlic 3 bulbs, hyacinth bletilla(Rz Bletillae)
b. Cooking: Remove the scales and internal organs from the carp and cook it wholly, together with garlic and bai ji to make soup for eating.
c. Serving: take it as adoes each day for several days.
d. Action: good for damp-heat type.
6.16.4 Gruel of Mulberry
a. Ingredients: Mulberry(Fr.Mori, 20-30g, if fresh 30-60g), Semen oryzae 100g, Crystal sugar 25g.
b. Cooking: First Submerge the mulberries in water for some time and wash them clean. Then, put them into an earthenware pot together with the rice to make gruel. Put in the sugar and keep on cooking for a while.
c. Serving: Take it twice each day, on a empty Stomach, and five to seven days making up a course of treatment.
d. Actions: Good for damp heat type of hemorrhoid.
6.16.5 Pig’s Large Intestine with Mungbean and Coix Seed
a. Ingredients: Mungbean 50g, coix seed 30g, pig’s large intestine 250g.
b. Wash the pig’s large intestine clean and get the mungbeans and coix seeds into the pig’s large intestine. Add a bit of water (so as to expand the mungbeans and coix seeds when cooking) and tie tight both the r=ends of the intestine; boil it well in an earthenware pot.
b. Serving: take once a day, and 3 to 5 days making up a course of treatment.
d. Actions: Good for hemorrhoid of damp-heat type.
6.16.6 Gruel of Donkey hide gelatin and Polished Glutinous Rice
a. Ingredients; Donkey-hide Gelatin 30g, Sm.oryzae 100g, brown sugar 50g.
b. Cooking: first , make gruel with the rice, put in the donkey-hide gelatin pounded into pieces and brown sugar right before the gruel is gone; go on cooking it until it has boiled two to three times. Stir it while cooking before it is ready for eating.
c. Serving: Take it once a day, for three to five days as a course of treatment. It can also be taken intermittently
d. Action: Good for blood deficiency type.
6.16.7 Recipe of Batryticated Silkworm, brown Sugar and Lotus Root
a. Ingredients: Lotus root500g, 7 of Jiang can, brown sugar 120g.
b. Cooking: have the lotus root washed clean and cut into thick slice. Put altogether into a cooking pot to decoct them in water.
c. Serving: Good for hemorrhoid of blood deficiency type.
6.16.8 Recipe of Sea Cucumber and Donkey-hide Gelatine
a. Ingredients: 15 of sea cucumber, donkey-hide gelatin 6g.
b. Cooking: Bake sea cucumber till their outer parts become charred yet the inner parts are still yellowish-brown, so that their original property is retained. Grind them into fine powder. Stew 15g of the powder and 6g of donkey-hide gelatin is blood deficient type.
d. Action: Good for hemorrhoid of deficient type.
6.17 Impotence
This symptom is manifested as inability to have an erection of the penis or lackof copulative power in male. According to the theory that Kidney is the organ to make the penis erect, TCm considers it in most cases as insufficiency of Kidney yang, therefore the drugs having the functions of reinforcing the kidney and strengthening the yang are chosen to treat it so as to promote its recovery, Medicated diet has a better curative effect on impotence.
Common type of syndrome
1) Insufficiency of the Kidney yang
manifested as impotence, dizziness, tinnitus, soreness in the loins and knees, lusterless complexion, listlessness, pale tongue with thin white fur, deep and thread pulse.
6.17.1 stew of Lamb
a. Ingredients: Lamb 2lb, ginger, cooking wine, scallion salt and lycii fruit.
b. preparation: Put lamb into boiling water and keep heating until lamb turns white. Remove lamb and rinse with water. Cut the lamb into 1x1x1 inch cubes.
c. Cooking: heat a pan with alittle vegetable oil in it, then put lamb cubes and sliced ginger into pan and stir fry; add cooking wine and keep stirring. Pour ingredients into a ceramic pot, add lycii fruit lamb is soft.
d. Serving: Eat it once a day.
e. Action: strengthens kidneys and sexual yang energy, as a conjunct treatment for impotence.
6.17.2 Recipe of Shrimp and garlic chives
a. Ingredients: Shrimp 8 oz, garlic chives 3oz, cooking wine, soy sauce, vinegar, ginger
b. Preparation: peel shrimp, make a incision along middle line of back and remove intestine, then rinse shrimp in water. Wash garlic chives, cut them into half inch long pieces.
c. Cooking; Heat pan with oil, then put shrimp into hot pan, and stir fry. Add cooking wine, soy sauce, vinegar and sliced ginger, stir a few times. Add garlic chives and Keep stirring until chives are soft,
d. Serving; Eat the shrimp and garlic chives once every other day.
e. Actions: supports sexual yang energy, as a conjunct treatment for impotence and female infertility.
6.17.3 Ox penis
a. Ingredients:one string of ox penis, salt, ginger, scallion, garlic ,star anise fruit
b. Preparation: Clean up the ox penis, tear off the fascia and other attachment. Slice the penis into very thin pieces.
c. Cooking: Heat the pan with vegetable oil, Put half of the sliced meat into the hot pan with other ingredients, and fry until the color of the meat changes.
d. Serving: Eat the Cooked sliced meat. One pieces for one week for two months.
e. Actions: strengthens the sexual yang energy, as aconjuctive treatment for impotence and watery semen
6.17.4 Thick loach Soup
a. Ingredients: loach 250g,lard right amount, black pepper powder and table salt a little
b. Cooking: cook soup with the loach and the lard, when it is done, season it with the black pepper powder and salt before eating.
c. Serving: take once a day.
6.17.5 gruel of Sparrow Meat and millet
a. Ingredients: 5 of Sparrow, Millet(sm setariae) 100g, green onion a little, plicklyyash peel(percarpium zanthoxyli), Cooking oil, table salt, rice wine a little each.
b. Cooking: First stir-fry the sparrows in cooking oil, they are done, cook them in the rice for a short while; right amount of water, and when the gruel is almost done, season it green                   onion, cooking oil, table salt and pricklyash peel
c. Serving: To be taken before meals.
6.17.6 Sea Cucumber and Mutton Soup
a. Ingredients: sea cucumber 250g, mutton (Cubed) 250g each, fresh ginger, table salt a bit each.
b. Cooking; Stew the two ingredients together.
c. Serving: Season it with fresh ginger and table salt before it is eaten.
6.17.7 River Shrimps stir-Fried with Chives
a. Ingredients: Chives(Hb Alii)120g, fresh ginger and table salt before it is ratn.
b. Cooking: Stir-fry them in cooking oil and with table salt.
c. Serving: To be taken orally
6.17.8 Shrimp and Gecke Powder
a. Ingredients: dried shelled shrimps 500g, a pair(120g0 of gecko, common fennel fruit 60g, pricklyash salt 10g.rice wine 200ml.
b. Cooking: To be taken with warm boiled water, twice a day, 3 g each time.
6.17.9 Gecko and Psoralea Fruit powder
a. Ingredients: A pair of Gecko, psoralea fruit 25g, alcoholic drink.
b. cooking: Stir-fry the geckoes in alcoholic drink and dry them over a fire, and then grind the geckoes and the psoralea fruit into fine powder.
c. Serving; To be taken with warm alcoholic drink, 1.5g each time.
6.17.10 Gruel of Bark Chinese cassia Tree and Rice
a. Ingredients: Jingmi 60g, Cx cinnamon
b. Cooking: Make gruel with the rice, when it is half done, put in the powder of the bark( 5g per day)
c. Cooking: To be taken twice a day.
6.17.11 Walnut Kernel and chestnut
a. Ingredients: Walnut kernel, chestnut right amount each, sugar.
b. Cooking: Pound the walnut kernel and parched-shelled chestnut and mix them with sugar.
c. serving; it is to be taken orally
All the recipes above can reinforce the kidney and strengthen yang. Patients with impotence can choose one or two among them for regular eating according to the state of their illness.
6.18 Urticaria(Allergy)
6.18.1 Ginger Tea
a. Ingredients: Fresh ginger 2oz, raw sugar 3oz,vinegar 3oz, water one cup.
b. Preparations: Slice ginger into thin strips.
c. Cooking: Put all ingredients into pot, boil for a few minutes.
d. Serving: Drain the tea and dispose of the ginger. Drink 1oz, of the tea with water 3 times a day.
e. Comments: Strengthen the Spleen and Stomach, for urticaria due to food allergy.
6.18.2 Bean sugar
a.Ingredients: Raw soy bean 1/2lb, mungbean 1/2 lb, sugar to taste.
b.Preparatioin: Grind both beans into powder, add 2cups water, and mix well. Let sit for
a while. Pour the liquor out of the pot, and dispose of the sediment in the bottom of the pot
c. Serving: Add sugar to taste, and drink once a day for 3-4 days
d. Comments: Clear heat and cools blood: for urticaria with excessive blood heat.
6.18.3 ginger papaya vinegar
a. Ingredients: Fresh ginger 1/3oz, papaya 2oz, vinegar 3oz.
b.Cooking: Put ingredients: into a ceramic pot and cook vinegar dries up remove papaya.
c.Serving: Eat the cooked papaya 1-2 times per for 7-10 a days.
d.Comments: Expels wind and drains dampness.
6.19 Eczema
6.19.1 Coix red bean
a. Ingredients: Coix seed 1oz, red bean1/2 oz, corn silk 1/2 oz.
b. Preparation: Wash and clean all ingredients.
c. Cooking: Remove hottuynia, eat the beans and kelp, drink the soup once a day, for one week,
e. Comments: for eczema with itching, swelling, red and burning.
6.20 Acne
Acne is achronic skin condition caused by inflammation of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Leasons bof acne appear most frequently on the face, chest and back, where the sebaceous follicles are large. Diagnosis of acne is usually not difficult, since there are few other disease that present with papules on the face. Folliculitis should also be considered, especially when lesions occur on the upper back: diagnosis in such cases may need to be confirmed through bacterial culture.
Primary cases of acne are
1) Lung heat
This is caused by the invasion of external wind, which causes pre-existing heat in the Lung channel to accumulate in the skin and tissues, thus giving rise to the lesions.
2)   Stomach heat
This is typically caused by a high-fat diet or overeating of fried and / spicy foods, which leads to accumulation of heat in the Spleen / Stomach. As the condition becomes protracted, the heat rises and lodges in the skin and tissues, thus producing the lesions.
3)   Blood heat
This type of acne often has emotional disturbance, as its source. The resulting qi stagnation, if unresolved, accumulates and transforms into heat that enters the blood level, and then lodges in the skin and tissues, thus causing the lesions.
4)   Heat toxin
This is result of the combination of Lung and /or Stomach heat with external toxin to from heat toxin that rises upward and lodges in the skin and interstices, thus producing the lesions.
5)   Damp toxin with blood stasis
Acne of this type arises when pre-existing dampness accumulates in the skin and tissues followed by attack of external toxin, which then congeal with dampness to from damp toxin. Blockage of the channel and collaterals ensues, giving rise to disharmony between the and blood, and thus the lesions.
6.20.1 Asian pear,tomato juice
a. Ingredients: Asian pear 5oz, celery 3oz,tomato, lemon juice.
b.Preparation: Remove pit from bthe pear, cut pear, celery, and tomato ninto pieces, and juice them in juice or blendfer.
c. Serving: Add a little lemon juice and mix drink one cup of juice once a day.
d. Comments: Cools the Blood and clears the Lungs.
6.20.2 Kelp mungbean
a. Ingredients: Kelp 1/2oz, mungbean 1/2oz,almonds 1/3oz,rose flower 1/5oz.
b.Cooking: Put all ingredients in a pot with water, and cook until mungbeans are well done.
c. Serving: Remove rose flower, add sugar to taste, eat and drink the mixture once a day for 20-30 days.
e. Comments: Invigorated blood circulation, softens hardness and dissolves phlegm for chronic and recurring acne.
6.21 Warts
Warts are common, benign skin tumors. In Chinese medicine, warts are classified as you, which means and extraneous growth on the body. Biomedically, common warts are caused by at least thirty-five types of human papilloma virus.
Common types of syndromes
Lesions can vary in shape depending on location and viral type, The most commonly affected sites include the fingers, elbows, face, and scalp-areas that are subject to trauma. Warts can appear as a single lesion or in clusters. Common warts are generally painless, but plantar warts and those that grow into the finger or toenails can be exceedingly painful.
Common warts are nearly universal, and may appear at any age. They are most frequent in older children and are uncommon in the elderly, Complete regression after several months is typical with or without treatment, but warts may persist for years and may recur at the same or different sites.
Primary cause of warts are
1)   Dry blood of the Liver channel
Dry Blood is unable to nourish the sinews, whose qi fails to flourish, Thus, when attacked by wind, blood and qi congeal and give rise to warts.
According to Chinese medicine, the original lesion(:mother warts”) should be treated first. After it is resolved, the remaining warts should resolve spontaneously. That having having bean said, it is probably more reliable to treat all of the lesions at the same warts.
Empirical remedies.
Reduce Warts Liquid may be used to treat single or multiple warts.
Most cases of common warts do not require internal treatment. But for recurring and /or recalcitrant lesions, the internal recipes described below may be taken. Most recipes that treat warts are aimed at nourishing and invigorating t5he blood, calming the spirit and anchoring heat and relieving toxicity. As should be avoided or used only with caution in pregnant women.
6.21.1 Coix gingko nuts
a. Ingredients: Coix seeds 3oz, gingko nuts 8-12 pieces.
b. Preparation: Shell gingko nuts.
c. Cooking Cooking ingredients with water, to make a soup.
d. Serving: Add sugar ( rock sugar is best) to taste, and drink the soup.
e.Comments: Strengthens the Spleen and drains damp heat, for warts, diarrhea, asthma, urinary infection and edema.
6.21.2Watermelon seed kernel
a. Ingredients: Water melon seed kernel 9g.
b. Preparation: Grind seeds into fine powder.
c. Serving: Take it twice a day after mixing it with water.
d. Comments: It can be used to treat preceded menstrual cycle and menorrhagia.
6.22.3 Fungus
a. Ingredients: Black edible fungus 60g.
b. Preparation: Back fungus on tile and grind it into fine powder.
c. Serving: Take 3 to 6g, of it with brown sugar each time, twice a day, for five successive days.
d. Comments: It is applicable to preceded menstrual cycle and menorrhagia.
6.22.4 Gruel of Hawthorn Fruit
a. Ingredients: Hawthorn fruit 30-40g( or 60g of fresh fruit), sm oryzae 100g, granulated sugar 10g.
b.Cooking : Have the hawthorn fruit decocted in an earthenware pot to get thick extract and remove the residue from it: put in the rice and sugar so as to make gruel.
c.Comments: It is applicable to patients suffering from delayed menstrual cycle and dysmenorrheal.
6.22.5 Recipe of Brown Sugar and Egg
a. Ingredient: Brown sugar 100g, 2of the cooked egg with no shell
b. Cooking: Have the eggs boiled in water with t65he brown sugar.
c. Serving: Take them after menstruation.
d. Comments: It can be used to treat syndrome of blood deficiency and menstrual disorder.
6.23 Amenorrhea
6.23.1 Squid with Cinnamon powder
a. Ingredients: Squid 5oz,cooking wine, soy sauce, salt, raw sugar, cinnamon
b. Preparation: Mince the cleaned squid, and mix cooking wine, soy sauce, salt, raw sugar, and cinnamon powder.
c. Cooking: Heat vegetable oil in pan:; when oil is hot, put it in the minced squid and stir quickly until squid turns from semi-transparent to opaque.
d. Serving: Eat the cooked squid as a side dish.
e. Comments: Warms the Kidney and promotes menstruation.
6.23.2 Gruel of Peach Kernel
a. Ingredients: Peach kernel 10-15g,sm.oryzae 50-100g.
b. Cooking: Pound the Peach kernels into mash, add water and grind it so as to get its extract; then remove the residue from the extract. Make thin gruel with the extract and rice.
c. Comments: Such gruel has a certain curative effect upon amenorrhea and dysmenorrheal due to stagnation of blood.
6.24 Heavy period
6.24.1 Gruel of Motherwort Juice(Hb.Leonuri)
a. Ingredients: Motherwort juice 10ml,fresh rehmannia root 40ml;, lotus root juice (rz.nelumbinis) 40ml, ginger juice 2ml, honey 10ml, jingmi 100g.
b. Cooking: First, make gruel wit the rice, put in all the above-listed juices and honey. Go on cooking until fruel is made.
c. Serving: Take a bowl in the morning and evening.
d. Comments: It is applicable to patients suffering from menstrual disorder and heavy menstrual flow due to excessive heat.
6.24.2 Soy bean milk with garlic chives
a. Ingredients: Soy bean milk 6oz, fresh garlic chives 1/2 lb.
b. Preparation: Wash garlic chives and juice them. Mix the soy milk and garlic chive juice.
c. Serving: Drink the mixture inj the morning, on an empty Stomach.
d.Comments: Nourishes qi and warms the Uterus, for heavy memses due to qi deficiency.
6.24.3 Chicken cuttlefish bone
a. Ingredients: Chicken 3oz, cuttlefish bone 1/2 oz.
b. Preparation: Clean up chicken and cut it into 1by 1 inch cubes, crush the cuttlefish bone into pieces.
c. Cooking: put both into ceramic pot with 2cups water and some salt. Steam it in a steamer until chicken is soft. Remove cuttlefish bone.
d. Serving: Eat the chicken twice a day. Usually within 3to 5 adys, the bleeding will be reduced.
e. Comments: Tonifies qi and nourishes essence, warms the middle, stops bleeding and pacifies the fetus: for heavy uterine bleeding and miscarriage due to Spleen deficiency.
6.24.4 Hen steamed with Argyi Leaf
a. Ingredients: One of old hen, argyi leaf 15g,wine 50ml.
b. Cooking: Have the hen rid of its feathers and internal organs: steam it together with the ergyi leaves, wine and 50ml of water without its contacting water until it is done.
c. Comments: It can be used to treat metrostaxix, prolonged menstrual period and general debility.
6.25 Dymenorrhea
Dysmenorrhea is a kind of subjective symptom, referring to such morbid condition in which patients feel pain in the abdomen or in the lumbar region: in some cases, the pain can even be intolerable. Dysmenorrhea is classified into two types: primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrheal. Medicated dietic treatment can be used as an aid to treating tjis disease.
Common types of syndromes
1)   Stagnation of the Liver qi
Manifested as sesation of distention of the breast prior to menstruation, distending pain in the chest and hypochondrium, dysphoria, feeling of depression in the chest and pain in the lower abdomen before menstruation, purple menses, extending menstrual cycle, darkish tongue and taut pulse.
2)   Blood stasis caused by accumulation of pathogenic cold
Marked by delated menstrual cycle, cold pain in the lower abdomen during or prior to menstruation which is relieved by hot medicated compress, scanty menstruation, thin and light menses sometimes with blood clot, pale purplish tongue, and deed and tight pulse.
3)   Deficiency of both blood and qi
Marked by heavy or scanty menstrual flow, irregular menstrual period, vague pain in the lower abdomen a little before or after the finish period of menstruation, thin and light menses, relative heavy leucorrhea at ordinary times, pale tongue with thin whitish fur and thread, uneven and weak pulse.
6.25.1 Gruel of Marostem Onion
a. Ingredients: sm.oryzae 50g, macrostem onion (Bulbus Allii Macrostemi) 10g.
b. Cooking: Make gruel with the ingredients in the common way.
c. Coments: Good for dysmenorrheal caused by stagnation of the Liver qi.
6.25.2 Recipe of Amomum Fruit and Lotus root powder
a. Ingredients: Amomum fruit 1.5g, aucklandia root 1g,lian gen9g.
b. Cooking: Have the two ingredients ground into powder; take it together with lotus root powder and white sugar after infusing them in boiling water.
c. Comments: Good for dysmenorrheal caused by stagnation of the Liver qi.
6.25.3  Drink of fresh Ginger and brown Sugar
a. Ingredients: Fresh ginger 3slices,brown sugar right amount
b. Cooking Infuse three slices of ginger and the right amount of brown sugar with boiling water.
c. Serving: Take it as adrink.
d. Comments: Good for dysmenorrheal due to blood stasis caused by accumulation of cold.
6.25.4 Drink of Bark of Chinese Cassia Tree and Hawthorn Fruit
a. Ingredients: Gui npi 6g, flesh of shan za 10g, brown sugar 30g.
b. Cooking: Decoct the above ingredients together in water.
c. Serving: Take it warm ptior to menstruation.
d.Comments: Good for dysmenorrheal due to bloods stasis caused by accumulationof cold.
6.25.5 Gruel with Vkicken extract
a. Ingredients: One of hen, sm.oryzae
b. Cooking: Boil a hen until becomes a pulp so as to obtain chicken extract: make gruel with rice: put in the ckicken ecxtract right before the gruel is ready and mix it with the gruel thoughly.
c. Comments: Good for dysmenorrheal of qi and blood deficiency.
6.25.6 drink of Black edible Fungus
a. Ingredients: Chinese Angelica root and Pork Liver
b. Cooking: Have two ingredients boiled together and then take it.
b. Comments: Good for dysmenorrheal of qi and blood deficiency.
6.26 PMS
The term pre-menstrual tension broadly describes some emotional and physical symptoms occurring before the period.These may include depression, sadness, irritability, crying, propensity to outbursts of anger, clumsiness, distension of abdomen and breasts, and insomnia. These symptoms can vary in intensity from very mild to other person. They can also vary in duration ranging from one day to two weeks before the period. Rarely, these symptoms may be experienced after the period.
1)   Liver qi stagnation
Manifested as abdominal and breast distension before period, irritability, moodiness, depression, hypochondrial pain and distension.
2)   Phlegm-fire harassing upwards
Manifested as agitation, depression, slightly manic behavior, aggressiveness, a feeling of oppression of the chest, a red face, blood-shot5 eyes.
3)   Liver blood deficiency
Manifested as depression and weepiness before the period, slight abdominal and breast distension, scanty periods, tiredness, poor memory, poor sleep, slight dizziness, and a dull-pale complexion.
4)   Liver and kidney yin deficiency
Manifested as slight breast distension and irritablility before the period and occasionally after it, sore back and knees, dizziness, blurred vision, poor memory, insomnia, dry eyes and throat, five center heat.
5)   Spleen and Kidney yang deficiency
Manifested as slight Ore-menstrual tension with depression and weeping, tiredness, slightly abdominal and breast distension, sore back, feeling cold, low sexual desire,frequent and pale urination.
6.26.1 Chinese celery with Egg
a. Ingredients: Chinese Celery 1/2 lb, mother wrt 1oz, finger citron 1/3oz, one egg, salt.
b. Cooking: put first three ingredients: with 1cup water in apot, and cook 10minutes, then discard those ingredients. Remove shell from egg and put egg into the bleeding water used for cooking the other ingredients.
c. Serving: Add salt to taste. Drink the egg soup once a day for 4-5 days before period.
d. Comments: Moves Liver Qi, for PMS due to excessive Liver Qi Stagnation.
6.26.2 Wheat with date Soup
a.Ingredients: Wheat 1/2oz, red dates 10pieces, Fragrant Solomon’s seal rhizome( Rz.Polygonati) 1/3 oz, rice 2oz.
b. Cooking: Cook ingredients with 6cups water into a soup.
c. Serving: Drink the soup once a day for 4-6 days before period.
d. Comments: Nourishes Liver yin, For PMS due to Liver yin deficiency.
6.27 Invigorating yin-yang of Food
6.27.1 Black Goat Soup
a. Ingredients: A Black Goat 1, huangqi 270g, ginseng 150g
b. Cooking: decoction 3-4hour
c. Serving: Taking one cup, twice a day
6.28 Help metabolism
6.28.1 Black pumpkin with Sesame Cake or Soup
a. ingredients: Black pumpkin 1 pieces, black sesame seeds half lb, black chicken 1 pieces.
b.Cooking: Wash black pumpkin, mix after steam black pumpkin then black chicken, all together put it pot and 3-4hour boiling
c. Serving: Eat twice a day
d. Comments: Benefits for metabolism, swelling after delivery