Koo's Acupuncture & Herbal Clinic
(860) 232-1212 & 123 Park Rd, West Hartford, CT 06119
Chinese Herbal Medicine

CHHAPTER ONE: Herbs that Releases the Exterior

1.WARM, ACRID HERBS THAT RELEASES THE EXTERIOR

HERB NAME

CH/ NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

麻黃

Ma Huang

Ephedra

3-9g

warm, acrid,

Slightly bitter

Lu, Ub

1.Releases the exterior and disperses cold.

2.Facilitates the movement of Lung qi and controls wheezing

3.Promotes urination and reduces edema.

桂枝

Gui Zhi

Cinnamon

3-9g

warm, acrid,

sweet,

Ht, Lu, Ub

 

1.Ajusts the nutritive and protective qi levels.

2.Warms the channels and disperses cold.

3.Unblocks the yang and transforms the qi.

4.Warms and facilitates the flow of yang qi in the chest.

5.Warms and facilitates the flow in the blood vessels.

紫苏叶

Zi Su Ye

Purple perilla

3-9g

warm, acrid,

aromatic

Lu, Sp

1.Releases the exterior and disperses cold.

2.Promotes the movement of qi and expands the chest.

3.Use during pregnancy.

4.Alleviates seafood poisoning.

荊芥

Jing Jie

Schizonepeta

3-9

 

acrid,aromatic,

slightly warm,

Lu, Liv

1.Releases the exterior and expels wind.

2.Vents rashes and alleviates itching.

Stops bleeding.

防风

Fang Feng

Ledebouriella

3-9g

slightly warm,

acrid, Sweet,

Ub, Liv, Sp

 

1.Releases exterior and expels wind

2.Expels wind and dampness and alleviates pain.

3.Expels wind.

羌活

Qiang Huo

Notopterygium

6-15g

warm, acrid,

bitter,

aromatic,

Ub, Ki

1.Releases exterior and disperses cold.

2.Unblocks painful obstruction and alleviates pain.

3.Guides qi to the greater yang channel and governing vessel.

藁本

Gao Ben

Ligusticum

3-9g

 

warm, acrid,

Ub

1.Expels wind and alleviates pain.

白芷

Bai Zhi

Angelica

3-9g

warm, acrid

Lu, St

1.Expels wind and alleviates pain.

2.Reduces sweating and expels pus.

3.Expels dampness and alleviates discharge.

4.Opens up the nasal passages.

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

ç´°è¾›

Xi Xin

Asarum

1-3g

warm, acrid

Lu, Ki

1.Releases the exterior and disperses cold.

2.Warms the Lung and transforms phlegm.

3.Disperses cold and alleviates pain.

4.Disperses and unblocks the qi of the nasal orifices.

辛夷花

Xin Yi Hua

Magnolia

3-9g

warm, acrid

Lu, St

1.Expels wind cold and unblocks the nasal passages.

香薷

Xiang Ru

Elsholtzia

3-9g

 

slightly warm,

acrid,aromatic,

Lu, St

1.Releases the exterior, expels summerheat, transforms dampness.

2.promotes urination and reduces swelling.

生姜

Sheng Jiang

Ginger

3-9

warm, acrid

Lu, Sp, St

St

1.Releases the exterior and disperses cold.

2.Warms the middle burner and alleviates vomiting.

3.Reduces the toxicity of other herbs.

4.Disperses cold and stops coughing.

5.Adjusts the nutritive qi.

蔥白

Cong Bai

Scallion

2-5g

warm, acrid

Lu, St

1.Releases the exterior and induces sweating.

2.Disperses cold and unblocks the Yang.

3.Relieves toxicity and disperses clumps.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.COOL,ACRID HERBS THAT RELEASE THE EXTERIOR

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

薄荷

Bo He

Mint

1.5-6g

cooling, acrid,

aromatic

Lu, Liv

1.Disperses wind heat.

2.Clear the heat and eyes and benefits the throat.

3.Vents rashes.

4.Allows constrained Liver qi to flow freely.

牛蒡子

Niu Bang Zi

Arctinum

3-9g

cold,acrid,bitter

Lu, St

1.Disperses wind heat and benefits the throat.

2.Clears heat and relives toxicity.

3.Vents rashes.

4.Moistens intestines.

蝉蛻

Chan Tui

Cicada

3-9g

slightly cold,

sweet, salty,

Lu, Liv

1.Disperses wind and clear heat.

2.Vents rashes.

3.Clears the eyes and removes superficial visual obstruction.

4.Stops spasms and extinguishes wind.

桑叶

Sang Ye

Mulbery

4.5-15g

cold, sweet,

bitter

Liv, Lu

1.Expels wind and clears heat from the lungs.

2.Clears the Liver and the eyes.

3.Cools the blood and stops bleeding.

菊花

Ju Hua

Chrysanthemum

4.5-15g

slightly cold,

sweet, bitter

Liv, Lu

1.Disperses wind and clears heat.

2.Clears the liver and eyes.

3.Calms the liver and extinguishes wind.

蔓荊子

Man Jing Zi

Vitex

6-12g

 

cool, bitter,

acrid,

Ub, Liv,

1.Disperses wind and clears heat.

2.Clears and benefits the heat and eyes.

3.Drains dampness and expels wind.

淡豆豉

Dan Dou chi

Soy bean

6-15g

cold, warm,

sweet, s-bitter

Lu, St

 

1,Releases the exterior.

2.Eliminates irritability.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

升麻

Sheng Ma

Black Cohosh

1.5-9g

cool, sweet,

acrid, Lu,Li,Sp

1.Release the exterior and vents measles.

2.Clears heat and relieves toxicity.

3.Raises the yang and lifts the sunken.

柴胡

Chai Hu

Bupleurum

3-12g

cool, bitter,

acrid, Gb, Liv,Sj

1.Resolves lesser yang disorders and reduces fever.

2.Spreads liver qi and relives constraint.

3.Raises the yang qi in patterns of spleen or stomach

deficiency

葛根

Ge Gen

Puerarid

Arrow, 6-12g

cool, sweet,

acrid, Sp, St

1.Releases the muscles

浮萍

Fu Ping

Spirodela,3-6g

cold, acrid

Bladder, Lung

1.Releases the exterior

2.Unblocks the muscle level and vents rashes.

3.Removes water and reduces swelling.

木賊

Mu Zei

Scouring

3-9g

neutral, sweet,

bitter, Liv, Lu

1.Disperses wind heat and eliminates superficial visual

obstruction.

2.Clears heat and stops bleeding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER TWO: Herbs that Clear Heat

1.HERBS THAT CLEAR HEAT AND DRAIN FIRE

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

石膏

Shi Gao

Gypsum

9-30g

very cold,

sweet, acrid,

Lu, St

1.Clear heat and drains fire.

2.Clears excessive heat from the Lungs.

3.Clears blazing stomach fire.

4.For eczema, burns and ulcerated sores.

知母

Zhi Mu

Anemarrhena

6-12g

cold, bitter,

Lu, St, Ki

1.Clears heat and eliminates irritability.

2.Enriches yin and moistens dry conditions.

3.Generates fluids and clears heat.

梔子

Zhi Zi

Gardenia

3-12g

cold, bitter

Ht, Liv, Lu, St,

Sj

1.Clears heat and eliminates irritability.

2.Drains damp heat.

3.Cools the blood and stops bleeding,

4.Reduces swelling and moves blood stasis due to trauma

夏枯草

Xia Ku Cao

Prunella

9-15g

cold, bitter

Ht, Liv, Gb

1.Clears the Liver and brightens the eyes.

2.clears heat and dissipates nodules.

3.This herb has recently been used in treating hypertension especially

蓮心

Lian Xin

Lotus

1.5-6g

cold, bitter

Ht, Pc

1.Drains heart fire.

2.Stops bleeding and binds the essence.

芦根

Lu Gen

Reed

15-30g

cold, sweet

Lu, St

1.Clears heat and generates fluids.

2.Clears heat from the lungs.

3.Clears stomach heat.

4.Clears heat and promotes urination.

5.Encourages rashes to surface.

淡竹叶

Dan Zhu Ye

Lophatherum

9-15g

cold, sweet

bland, Ht, Si, St

1.Clears heat and eliminates irritability.

2.Promotes urination and clears damp heat.

 

 

 

 

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATION

決明子

Jue Ming Zi

Cassia

9-15g

Cool, sweet

Bitter, Liv,

Ki, Li

1.Clears the vision and expels wind heat.

2.Clears the liver and benefits the eyes.

3.Moistens the Intestines and unblocks the bowels.

4.Recently used to prevent atherosclerosis as it lowers both

Blood pressure and serum cholesterol.

靑箱子

Qing Xiang Zi

Celosia

3-15g

cool, sweet, Liv

1.Clears wind heat, drain Liver fire, and improves the vision.

2.Recently used for hypertension associated with ascendant

Liver yang.

密蒙花

Mi Meng Hua

Buddleia

3-15g

cool,sweet,Liv

1.Benefits the eyes.

谷精草

Gu Jing Cao

Pipewort scapus

6-15g

neutral, sweet,

Liv, St

1.Disperses wind heat, brightens the eyes, and eliminates

superficial visual obstruction.

夜明砂

Ye Ming Sha

Bat feces

3-9g

cold, acrid, Liv

1.Clears the liver and improves the vision.

2.Also used for childhood nutritional impairment.

熊膽

Xiong Dan

Bears Gb

1-2.5g

cold, bitter

Gb, Ht, Liv

1.Clears heat and alleviates spasms.

2.Clears heat and relieves fire toxicity.

3.Benefits the eyes in patterns of liver Fire.

4.Reduces swelling and pain.

寒水石

Han shui Shi

Calcitum

9-15g

cold,acrid

salty, Ht, St, Ki

1.Drains fire and expels summerheat.

2.Used for burns and sores.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.HERBS THAT COOL THE BLOOD

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

犀角

Xi Jiao

1-2g

 

cold, bitter

salty, Ht, Liv,

St

1.Clears heat, relieves fire toxicity, and cools the blood.

2.Clears and arrests tremors.

生地黃

Sheng Di Huang

Rehmannia

9-30g

cold, salty,

sweet, bitter,

Ki, Lu, St

1.Clears heat and cools the blood.

2.Nourishes the yin.

3.Cools the upward blazing of Heart fire.

4.Wasting and thirsting disorder.

玄蔘

Xuan Shen

Scrophularia

9-30g

cold, salty

sweet,bitter

Ki, Lu, St

1.Clears heat and cools the blood.

2.Nourishes the yin.

3.Drains fire and relieves toxicity.

4.Softens hardness and dissipates nodules.

牧丹皮

Mu Dan Pi

Peony

6-12g

cool, acrid,

bitter, Ht, Liv,

Ki

1.Clears heat and cools the blood.

2.Clears fire from deficiency.

3.Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis.

4.Clears ascending liver fire.

5.Drains pus and reduce swelling.

紫草

Zi Cao

Lithospermum

3-9g

cold, sweet,

Ht, Liv

1.Clears heatm cools the blood, and relieves fire toxicity

while venting rashes.

2.Clears damp heat from the skin.

3.Moistens the Intestines and unblocks the bowels.

 

地骨皮

Di Gu Pi

Lycium

6-15g

cold, sweet,

Lu, Liv, Ki

1.drains fire from yin deficiency.

2.Clears heat and stops coughing.

3.Clears heat and cools the blood.

4.Drains floating fire in the kidney channel.

白薇

Bai wei

Swallowwort

6-15g

cold, bitter,

salty, Lu, St,

Ki

1.Clears heat and cools blood.

2.Cools the blood and promotes urination.

3.Relieves toxicity.

銀柴胡

Yin Chai Hu

Stellaria

3-9g

cool, sweet.

Liv, St

1.Causes heat from deficiency to recede.

2.Clears heat and reduce childhood nutritional impairment.

 

3.HERBS THAT CLEAR HEAT AND DRY DAMPNESS

hERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

黃芩

Huang Qin

Baical Skullcap

6-16g

cold, bitter

Gb, Li, Lu, St

1.Clears heat and Drains fire, especially from the upper burner.

2.Clears heat and dries dampness.

3.Clears heat and stops bleeding.

4.Clears heat and calms the fetus.

5.Sedates ascendant liver yang.

黃連

Huang Lian

Coptis

1.5-9g

cold, bitter,

Ht, Liv, Li,

St

1.Drains fire and relieves toxicity.

2.clears heat and drains dampness.

3.Clears heart fire.

4.Clears heat and stops bleeding.

5.Drains stomach fire.

6.Clears heat topically.

黃柏

Huang Bai

Amur Cork-tree

3-12g

cold, bitter

Ki, Ub

1.Drains damp heat, particulary from the lower burner.

2.Drains kidney fire.

3.Drains fire and relieves toxicity.

龙膽草

Long Dan Cao

Genitian

3-12g

cold, bitter

Gb, Liv, St

1.Drains damp heat from the liver and Gb channel.

2.Drains and pacifies excessive liver fire.

苦蔘

Ku Shen

Sophora

3-15g

cold, Bitter

Ub, Ht, Liv,

Li, Si

1.Clears heat and dries dampness.

2.Disperses wind, kills parasites, and stops itching.

3.Clears and promotes urination.

 

秦皮

Qin Pi

Fraxinus

4.5-15g

cold, bitter

Gb, Li, Liv, St

1.Drains damp heat.

2.Drains liver fire and benefits the eyes.

3.Disperses wind dampness.

胡黃蓮

Hu Huang Lian

Picrorhiza

3-9g

cold, bitter,

Liv, St, Li

1.Drains damp heat.

2.Clears heat from deficiency.

3.Clears heat and reduces childhood nutritional impairment.

 

 

 

4.HERBS THAT CLEAR HEAT AND RELIEVE TOXICITY

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

金銀花

Jin Yin Hua

Honeysuckle

9-15g

cold, bitter

Li, Lu, St

1.Clears heat and relieves fire toxicity.

2.Expels externally contracted wind heat.

3.Clears damp heat from the lower burner.

連翹

Lian Qiao

Forsythia

6-14g

cool, bitter

slightly acrid

Ht, Liv, Gb

1.Clears heat and relieves toxicity.

2.Expels extremely contracted wind heat.

大靑叶

Da Qing Ye

Indigo

9-30g

very cold,

bitter, Ht, Lu,

St

1.Clear heat and relieves toxicity.

2.Cools the blood and reduces blotches

板藍根

Ban Lan Gen

Isatis root

15-30g

cold, bitter

Ht, Lu, St

1.Drains heat, relieves fire toxicity, cools the blood,

and benefits the throat.

浦公英

Pu Gong Ying

Dendelion

9-30g

cold, bitter

acrid, sweet

Liv, St

1.Clears heat and relieves fire toxicity.

2.Reduces abscesses and dissipates nodules.

3.Promotes lactation

4.clears heat and resolves dampness.

紫花地丁

Zi Hua Di Ding

Viola 9-14g

cold, acrid

bitter, Ht, Liv

1.Clears heat and relieves fire toxicity.

2.Clears hot sires.

野菊花

Ye Ju Hua

wild

chrysanthemum

slightly cold,

bitter, acrid

Lu, Liv

1.Drains fire and relieves toxicity.

敗醬草

Bai Jiang cao

Patrinia 9-15g

slightly cold

acrid, bitter

Li, Liv, St

1.Clears heat, relieves toxicity, and expels pus.

2.Dispels blood stasis and stops pain.

魚腥草

Yu Xing Cao

Houttuynia

15-60g

cool, acrid

Li, Lu

1.Clears heat and toxin, Reduces swelling and abscesses.

2.Relieves toxicity and expels pus.

3.Drains damp heat and promotes urination.

紫背天葵

Zi Bei Tian Hui

Begonia 15-60g

cool, sweet

Liv, St

1.Clears heat and cools the blood, invigorates the blood and discharges toxin.

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

金莎藤

Jin Sha teng

Lygodium

15-60g

cold, sweet

Ub, Si

1.Clear heat and cools the blood, invigorates the blood

and discharges toxin.

 

穿心蓮

Chuan Xin Lian

Green Chiretta

9-15g

cold, Bitter

Li, Lu, St, Si

1.Clears heat and promotes fire toxicity.

2.Clears heat and dries dampness

白花蛇舌草

Baihuasheshecao

Heydyotis

15-60g

cold, bitter,

sweet, Liv, St,

Si

1.Clears heat and relieves fire toxicity.

2.Clears heat and dries dampness.

白頭翁

Bai Tou Weng

6-15g

cold, bitter

Li, Liv, St

 

1.Clears heat and relieves fire toxicity.

 

 

鴉膽子

Ya Dan Zi

Brucea

10-15g

cold, Toxic,

Bitter, Liv, Li

1.Treats dysenteric disorders.

2.Treats intermittent fever and chills.

3.Also used topically for treating warts and corns either as a paste or ointment

馬齒莧

Ma Chi Xian

Purslane

15-60g

cold, sour

Li, Liv

1.relieves fire toxicity and cools the blood.

2.Clears damp heat and treats sores.

3.Also used as an antidote to pain and swelling of wasp sting and snakebite.

5.Recently used for post delivery bleeding.

土茯笭

Tu Fu Ling

Smilax

15-60g

neutral, bland

Li, St

1.Relieves toxicity and eliminates dampness.

2.Clears damp heat from the skin.

半枝連

Ban Zhi Lian

Scutellaria

15-60g

cold, acrid

Li, Liv, Lu

1.Clears heat, relieves toxicity, invigorates the blood and reduces swelling.

2.Recently used in treating various types of cancer and chronic hepatitis.

ç´…è—¤

Hong Teng

Sargentodoxa

15-30g

neutral, bitter

Li, Liv

1.Clears heat, relieves toxicity, reduces abcesses, and stops pain.

2.invigorates the blood and disperses stasis.

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

白鮮皮

Bai Xian Pi

Dittany

6-9g

cold, bitter,

Sp, St

1.Clears heat, relieves fire toxicity, expels wind, and dries dampness.

馬勃

Ma Bo

fruiting body of

puffball

1.5-4.5g

neutral, acrid,

Lu

1.Clears the lungs, relieves fire toxicity, and improves the condition of the throat.

2.Stops bleeding.

山豆根

Shan Dou Gen

Sophora

3-9g

cold, bitter,

Lu

1.Clears heat, relieves toxicity, and improves the condition of the throat.

2.clears the lung.

3.also used for damp heat jaundice.

å°„å¹²

She Gan

Balamcanda

1.5-9g

cold, bitter,

Lu

1.Clears heat, relieves toxicity and improves the condition of the throat.

2.Transforms phlegm and clears the lungs.

 

土牛膝

Tu Niu Xi

Tuniuxi

15-30g

neutral, bitter,

Lu

1.Drains fire and relieves toxicity.

2.Clears heat toxin.

3.Invigorates the blood and dissipates stasis.

漏芦

Lou Lu

Echinops

3-12g

cold, bitter,

salty, Li, St

1.Clears heat, relieves toxicity, and reduces sores and swellings.

2.Causes milk to descend.

石上柏

Shi Shang Bai

Selaginella

15-30g

cold, bitter,

neutral, sweet

acrid, Liv

1.clears heat and relieves fire toxicity.

2.Clears and drains damp heat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.HERBS THAT CLEAR HEAT AND RELIEVE SUMMERHEAT

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

荷叶

He Ye

Lotus leaf

9-15g

neutral, bitter,

slightly sweet,

Ht, Liv, Sp

1.Treats summerheat patterns.

2.Raises and clears the yang of the Spleen.

3.Stops bleeding.

綠豆

Lu Dou

Mung Bean

15-30g

cold, sweet,

Ht, St

1.Clears summerheat.

2.Antidote

西瓜

Xi Gua

Water Melon

15-30g

cold, sweet,

Ub, Ht, St

1.Clears summerheat.

2.Promotes urination and expels jaundice.

白扁豆

Bai Bian Dou

Hyacinth

9-21g

neutral, sweet,

Sp, St

1.Clears summerheat and damp heat.

2.Strengthens the Spleen.

 

豆卷

Dou Juan

Young

soybean

9-15g

neutral, sweet,

Sp, St

1.Clears summerheat and damp heat.

靑蒿

Qing Hao

wormwood

3-9g

cold, bitter,

Ki, Liv, Gb

1.Clears summerheat.

2.Clears fevers from deficiency.

3.Cools blood and stops bleeding.

4.checks malarial disorders and relieves heat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER THREE: Downward-Draining Herbs

1.Downward Draining Herbs (Purgative)

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

大黃

Da huang

Rhubarb

3-12g

cold, bitter,

Ht, Liv, Li

1.Drains heat and purges accumulations.

2.Drains heat from the blood.

3.Drains heat from the blood.

4.Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis.

5.Clears heat obstructing the blood level.

6.Clears heat and reduces swelling.

芒硝

Mang Xiao

Mirbilite

3-9g

very cold, acrid

bitter, salty,

St, Li

1.Purges accumulation and guides out stagnation.

2.Clears heat and reduces swelling.

芦荟

Lu Hui

Aloes

0.3-1.5g

cold, bitter,

Li, Liv, St

1.Drains fire and guides out accumulation.

2.Kills parasites and strengthens the stomach.

3.Clears heat and cools the Liver,

繁瀉叶

Fan Xie Ye

Senna

3-9g

Cold, sweet,

Bitter, Li

1.Drains downward and guides out stagnation.

 

 

2.Moist Laxative

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

火麻仁

Huo Ma Ren

Hemp

9-15g

neutral, sweet

Li, Sp, St

1.Nourishes and moistens the intestines.

2.Nourishes the yin.

3.Clears heat and promotes healing of sores.

鬱李仁

Yu Li Ren

Bush-

Cherry Pit

3-9g

 

neutral, acrid,

bitter, sweet

Li, Si

1.Moistens the Intestine and unblocks the bowels.

2.Promotes urination and reduces edema.

 

 

 

 

 

3.HARSH EXPELLANTS (CATHARTICS)

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

牽牛子

Qian Niu Zi

Morning

Glory

4.5-9g

cold,

slightly toxic

bitter, acrid

Ki, Lu, Li, Si

1.Drives out water.

2.Unblocks the bowels and removes accumulation.

3.Expels intestinal parasites and reduces stagnation.

甘遂

Gan Sui

Euphorbia

1.5-3g

cold, toxic

bitter, sweet

Ki, Lu, Li

1.Drains water downward and drives out congested fluids.

2.Clears heat and reduces swelling.

大戟

Da Ji

Euphorbia

1.5-3g

cold, Toxic

bitter, acrid

Ki, Lu, Li

 

1.Drains water downward and drives out congested fluids.

reduces swelling and dissipates.

芫花

Yuan Hua

Genkwa

warm, toxic

bitter, acrid

Ki, Lu, Li

1.Drains water downward and drives out congested fluids.

2.Kills parasites.

巴豆

Ba dou

Croton

0.1-0.3g

hot, toxic

acrid,

St, Lu, Li

1.warmly unblocks and vigorously purges.

2.Drives out water and reduces edema.

3.Bursts clogged phlegm and improves the condition of the throat.

4.promotes the healing of abscess and ulcers.

商陸

Shang Lu

Phytolacca

3-9g

cold, toxic

bitter, Ub, Ki, Li

1.Drives out water out through the urethra and anus.

2.Reduces sores and carbuncle.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER FOUR: Herbs that Drain Dampness

1.herbs that drain dampness

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

茯笭

Fu Ling

Poria

9-15g

neutral, sweet

bland, Ht, Sp,

Lu

1.Promotes urination and leaches out dampness.

2.Strengthens the Spleen and harmonizes the middle burner.

3.Strengthens the spleen and transforms phlegm.

4.Quiets the heart and calms the spirit.

豬苓

Zhu Ling

Polyporus-

sclerotium

6-15g

 

slightly cool,

sweet, bland,

Sp, Ki, Ub

1.Promotes urination and leaches out dampness.

滑石

Hua Shi

Talcum

9-18

cold, sweet

bland, St, Ub

 

1.Promotes urination and drains heat from the bladder.

2.Clears heat and releases summerheat.

3.Absorbs dampness.

4.Expels damp heat through the urine.

薏苡仁

Yi Yi Ren

Job's tears

9-30g

slightly cold,

sweet, bland

St, Ub

1.Promotes urination and leaches out dampness.

2.Strengthens the spleen and stops diarrhea.

3.Clears heat and expels pus.

4.Clears damp heat

5.Also used in the treatment of plantar warts.

冬瓜仁

Dong Gua Ren

winter melon

3-12g

cold, sweet

Lu, St, Li, Si

1.Clears heat, expel phlegm, and promotes the discharge of pus

2.Clears heat and drains dampness.

木通

Mu Tong

Akebia

3-9g

cool, bitter

Ub, Ht, Si

1.Promotes urination and drains heat from the heart via the small intestine.

2.promotes lactation and unblocks the blood vessels.

通草

Tong Cao

Rice Paper Pith

3-9g

slightly cold,

sweet, bland

Lu, St

1.Promotes urination and clears heat.

2.Promotes lactation in cases where it is insufficient or absent.

灯心草

Deng Xen Cao

Juncus

1.5-4.5g

slightly cold,

sweet, bland

Ht, Lu, Si

1.Promotes urination and leaches out dampness.

2.Clears heat from the channel.

地膚子 6-15g

Di Fu Zi

Broom cypress

cold, sweet

bitter, Ub

1.Clears damp heat and promotes urination.

2.Expels dampness and stops itching.

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

瞿麥

Qu Mai

Dianthus

6-12g

cold, bitter

Ub, Ht, Si

1.Clears damp heat, promotes urination, and unblocks painful

urinary dysfunction.

2.Break up blood stasis.

3.Unblocks the Bowels.

萹蓄

Bian Xu

Polygonum

9-15g

slightly cold,

bitter, Ub

1.Clears damp heat from the bladder, promotes urination, and unblocks painful urinary dysfunction.

2.Expels parasites and stops itching.

石葦

Shi Wei

Pyrrosia

3-9g

slightly cold,

bitter, sweet

Ub, Lu

1.Clears damp heat and unblocks painful urinary dysfunction.

2.Clears heat and stops bleeding.

3.Clears the Lungs, expels phlegm, and stops coughs.

車前子

Che Qian Zi

Plantago

4.5-9g

cold, sweet

Ub, Ki, Liv, Lu

1.Promotes urination and clears heat.

2.Promotes urination to solidify the stool.

3.Clears the eyes.

4.Expels phlegm and stops cough.

冬葵子

Dong Kui Zi

Musk Mallow

6-12g

cold, sweet

Ub, Ki, Liv, Lu

1.Promotes urination and unblocks painful urinary dysfunction.

2.Benefits the breasts.

3.Moistens the Intestines and unblocks the bowels.

萆薢

Bei Xie

Tokoro

6-12g

neutral, sweet,

Ub, Liv, St

1.Separates the pure from the turbid.

2.Expels wind dampness, relaxes the sinews, and unblocks the connecting channels.

3.Clears damp heat from the skin.

金錢草

Jin Qian Cao

Lysimachia

15-60g

neutral, sweet

Ub, Liv, St

1.Promotes urination, unblocks painful urinary dysfunction, and expels Stones.

2.clears damp heat in the Liver and gall-bladder.

3.Reduces toxicity and swelling.

 

赤小豆

Chi Xiao Dou

Aduk bean

9-30g

neutral, sweet

sour, Ht, Si

1.Clears heat and promotes urination.

2.Disperses blood stasis, reduces swelling, and reduces fire toxicity.

3.Clear4s damp heat.

泽泻

Ze Xie

Water Plantain

6-15g

cold, sweet,

bland, Ki, Ub

1.Promotes urination and leaches out dampness.

2.Drains kidney fire.

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

茵蔯蒿

Yin Chen Hao

Artemisia

Capillaris

9-15g

cool, bitter

Liv, Sp, Gb, St

1.Clears damp heat from the Liver and gallbladder and relieves jaundice.

2.Clears heat and releases the exterior.

 

广防己

Guang Fang Ji

Aristolochia

3-15g

 

cold, bitter,

acrid, Ub,

Sp, Ki

1.Expels wind dampness.

2.Promotes urination and reduce edema.

汉防己

Han Fang Ji

Stephania

3-9g

cold, bitter

acrid, Ub, Sp,

Ki

1.Promotes urination and reduces edema.

2.Expels wind dampness and alleviates pain.

半边蓮

Ban Bian Lian

Lobelia

15-30g

neutral, sweet

Ht, Lu, Si

1.promotes urination.

2.Cools the blood and reduce toxicity.

玉米鬚

Yu Mi Xu

Corn silk

15-30g

neutral, sweet

Ht, Liv, Gb

1.promotes urination.

2.Benefits the gall-bladder and removes jaundice

3.For wasting and thirsting disorder.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER FIVE: Herbs that Dispel Wind-Dampness

1.HERBS THAT DISPEL WIND DAMPNESS

NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

独活

Du huo

Pubescent

3-9g

warm, bitter

acrid, Ki, Ub

1.Dispels wind dampness and alleviates pain.

2.Disperses wind cold dampness and releases the exterior.

3.Also used for lesser yin stage headache and toothache.

秦艽

Qin Jiao

Gentiana

Macrophylla

4.5-12g

slightly cold,

bitter, acrid,

Gb, Liv, St

1.Dispels wind dampness and relaxes the sinews.

2.Clears heat from deficiency.

3.Removes dampness and reduces jaundice.

4.moistens the Intestines and unblocks the bowels

威灵仙

Wei Ling Xian

Clematis

6-12g

warm, acrid,

salty, Ub

1.Dispels wind dampness, unblocks the channels, and alleviates pain.

2.Softens and transforms fish bones.

3.Also used for focal distention and accumulation in the middle burner because it reduce phlegm and pathogenic water

海棟皮

Hai Tong Pi

Coral-bean

Bark

6-15g

neutral, bitter

acrid, Liv, Sp, KI

1.Disperses wind dampness and unblocks the channels.

2.Promotes urination and reduces edema.

3.Treats itching skin lesions.

4.Also used as a gargle for toothache due to dental caries.

木瓜

Mu Gua

Quince

4.5-12g

slightly warm,

sour, Liv, Sp

1.Relaxes the sinews and unblocks the channels.

2.Harmonizes the stomach and transforms dampness.

3.Reduces food stagnation.

桑枝

Sang Zhi

Morus

10-30g

slightly cold,

bitter, sweet,

Liv

1.Dispels wind, unblocks the channels. and benefits the joints.

2.Also used for edema.

五加皮

Wu Jia Pi

Acanthopanax

4.5-15g

warm, acrid,

bitter, Ki, Liv

1.Dispels wind dampness and strengthens the sinews and bones.

2.Transforms dampness and reduce swelling.

芲耳子

Can Er Zi

Cocklebur

3-9

warm, toxic,

sweet, slightly bitter, Lu

1.Disperses wind and dispels dampness.

2.Opens the passages.

3.Dispels exterior wind.

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

èš•ç ‚

Can Sha

Silkworm

9-15g

warm, sweet

acrid, Liv, Sp,

St

1.Dispels wind dampness.

2.Harmonizes the stomach and trans forms turbid dampness.

豨簽草

Xi Xian Cao

Siegesbeckia

6-15g

cold, acrid,

bitter, sweet

Ki, Liv

1.Dispels wind dampness and strengthens the sinews.

2.Calms the spirit.

3.Clears heat and pacifies the Liver.

4.Transforms damp heat

5.Also used for hypertension.

臭梧桐

Chou Wu Tong

Clerondendron

4,5-15g

cool, acrid,

bitter, sweet

Liv

1.Dispels wind dampness.

2.Recently used in treating hypertension.

络石藤

Luo Shi Teng

Star Jasmine

6-15g

cool, acrid,

bitter, sweet

Liv

1.Dispels wind dampness and unblocks the channels.

2.Cools the blood and reduce swellings.

海风藤

Hai Fang Teng

Piper futokadsura

6-15g

slightly warm,

acrid, bitter

Liv

1.Dispels wind dampness and unblocks the channels.

2.Disperses cold and alleviates pain.

千年健

Qian Nian Jian

Homalomenu

4,5-9g

warm, acrid,

bitter, Ki, Liv

1.Dispels wind dampness and strengthens the sinews and bones.

虎骨

Hu Gu

Tiger bone

3-6g

warm, acrid,

sweet, Liv,

Ki

1.Dispels wind dampness.

2.Disperses wind cold and strengthens the sinews and bones.

白花蛇

bai Hua Sha

3-10g

warm, toxic

sweet, salty

Liv, Sp

1.Powerfully unblocks the channels and extinguishes wind.

2.Dispels wind from the skin.

3.Dispels wind from the sinews.

 

 

 

 

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

鸟梢蛇

Wu Shao She

Zaocy

3-9g

neutral, sweet

salty, Liv, Sp

1.(Bai Hua She) above, although not as strong.

This substance is not toxic

蛇蛻

Sha Tui

Snake slough

1.5-3g

neutral, sweet

salty, Liv

 

1.Dispels wind and stops spasms.

2.Removes superficial visual obstruction.

 

 

寬筋藤

Kuan Jin Teng

Tinospora

15-30g

 

slightly cold,

bitter

Liv

1.Dispels wind dampness and relaxes the sinews.

2.Relaxes the sinews and unblocks the channels.

松节

Song Jie

Pine

warm, bitter

Liv

1.Dispels wind and dries dampness.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER SIX: Herbs that Transform Phlegm and Stop Coughing

1.HERBS THAT COOL AND TRANSFORM PHLEGM-HEAT

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

前胡

Qian Hu

Hogfennel root

4.5-9g

slightly cold,

bitter, acrid,

Lu

1.Redirects the qi downward and expels phlegm.

2.Releases wind from the exterior.

川贝母

Chuan Bei Mu

Fritllaria

3-12g

slightly cold,

bitter, sweet

Ht, Lu

1.Clears and transforms phlegm-heat.

2.Clear heat and dissipates nodules.

浙贝母

Zhe Bei Mu

Thunberg -

Fritillaria

3-9g

cold, bitter

Ht, Lu

1.Clears heat and transforms phlegm-heat.

2.Clears heat and dissipates nodules.

瓜蒌

Gua Lou

Trichosanthes

9-30g

cold, sweet

Li, Lu, St

1.Clears heat and transforms phlegm-heat.

2.Clears heat and dissipates nodules.

瓜蒌皮

Gua Lou Pi

Tricosanthes bark

9-30g

 

cold, sweet

Li, Lu, St

1.Clears the Lung, transforms phlegm, regulates the qi, and expands the chest.

瓜蒌仁

Gua Lou Ren

Trichosanthes seed

9-12g

cold, sweet

Li, Lu, St

1.Clears and transforms phlegm-heat

2.Expels the chest.

3.Moistens the Intestine.

4.Promotes healing of sores.

天花粉

Tian Hua Fen

Trichosanthes Root

9-12g

cold, bitter

slightly sweet

Lu, St

1.Clears and drains Lung heat, transforms phlegm, and moistens Lung dryness.

2.Drains heat and generates fluids.

3.Relieves toxicity and expels Pus

天竹黃

Tian Zhu Huang

Tabasheer

3-9g

cold, sweet

Gb, Ht, Liv

1.Clears and transforms phlegm.

2.Clears the Heart and arrests convulsions.

竹沥

Zhu Li

Bamboo sap

30-60g

very cold,

sweet, Lu, St

1.Clears heat, transforms phlegm, and penetrates to the channels.

2.Transforms phlegm-heat and stops coughing.

 

 

NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

竹茹

Zhu Ru

Bamboo Shavings

4.5-9g

slightly cold,

sweet, Gb

Lu, St

1.Clears and transforms phlegm-heat.

2.Clears heat and stops vomiting.

3.Cools the blood and stops bleeding.

浮海石

Fu Hai Shi

Pumice

6-15g

cold

salty

Lu

1.clears heat from the lungs and expels phlegm heat.

2.Softens hardness and dissipates phlegm nodule.

3.Promotes urination.

海蛤角

Hai Ge Ke

Clam Shell

6-15g

neutral,

bitter, salty

Ki, Lu, St

1.clears heat, redirects lung qi downward, and transforms

phlegm.

2.Softens hardness and dissipates nodules.

3.promotes urination and expels dampness.

4.Its calcined powered form, epigastric pain and acid

regurgitation.

昆布

Kun bu

Laminaria

4.5-15g

cold, salty

Ki, Liv, St

1.reduces phlegm and softens areas of hardness.

2.Promotes urination and reduces swelling.

æµ·è—»

Hai zao

Seaweed

4.5-15g

cold, bitter

salty, Ki, Liv

Lu, St

1.Clears heat and reduces phlegm nodule.

2.Promotes urination and reduces edema.

3.Hernial disorder pain.

胖大海

Pang Da Hai

Sterculia

4.5-9g

cold, sweet

Li, Lu

1.Clears and disseminates lung qi.

2.Clears the Intestines and unblocks bowels.

3.Encourages the expression of rashes.

泽漆

Ze qi

Euphorbia

3-15g

cool,

slightly toxic,

acrid, bitter,

Si, Li

1.Transforms phlegm, stops coughs, and arrests wheezing.

2.Transforms phlegm and dissipates nodule.

3.Promotes urination and reduces edema.

黃药子

Huang Yao Zi

Dioscrea

6-15g

neutral,

bitter,

Ht, Liv, Lu

1.Dissipates nodules and reduces masses.

2.Cools the blood and stops bleeding.

3.Reduce toxicity of toxic swellings.

2.WARM HERBS THAT TRANSFORM PHLEGM-COLD

NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

半夏

Ban Xia

Pinellia

4.5-12g

warm, toxic

acrid,

Lu, Sp, St

1.Dries dampness, transforms phlegm, and cause rebellious qi

to descend.

2.Harmonizes the Stomach na stops vomiting.

3.Dissipates nodules and reduces distention.

天南星

Tian Nan Xing

Jack-in-the Pulpit

4.5-9g

warm, toxic

bitter, acrid

Liv, Lu, Sp

1.Dries dampness and expels phlegm.

2.Disperses wind-phlegm in the channels and stops spasms.

3.Reduces swelling and alleviates pain.

白附子

Bai Bu Zi

Typhonium

1.5-6g

 

warm, toxic

acrid, sweet

Liv, Sp, St

1.Dries dampness, transforms phlegm, expels wind, stops

spasm.

2.Expels win-cold-dampness and alleviates pain.

3.Relieves toxicity and dissipates nodules.

旋復花

Xuan Fu Hua

Inula

3-12g

slightly warm,

bitter, acrid

Liv, Lu, St,

Sp

1.Redirects the qi downward and expels phlegm.

2.Stops vomiting and calms rebellion.

白前

Bai Qian

Cynanchum

3-9g

slightly warm

acrid, sweet

Lu

1.Redirects the qi downward and expels phlegm.

2.Stops vomiting and calms rebellion.

白芥子

Bai Jie Zi

White Mustard seed

3-9g

warm, acrid

Lu

1.Warms the lungs, regulates the qi, and expels phlegm.

2.Dissipates nodules, reduces swelling, and alleviates pain.

桔梗

Jie Geng

Ballon

3-9g

neutral,

bitter, acrid

Lu

1.Opens up dissipates the regulates the qi, and expels phlegm.

2.Promotes the discharge of pus,

3.Benefits the throat.

4.Directs the effect of other herbs to the upper regions of the body.

皂角

Zao Jiao

Gleditsia

0.6-1.5g

neutral,

bitter, acrid,

Lu

1.Dispels phlegm for obstruction, nodule, coughing, wheezing.

2.Opens the orifice and reduces revives the spirit.

3.Dissipates clumps and reduces swelling.

4.Seizures by excessive phlegm.

5.Expels roundworms

 

3.HERBS THAT RELIEVE COUGHING & WHEEZING

HERBS NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

杏仁

Xing Ren

Apricot

3-9g

slightly warm,

slightly toxic,

bitter, Lu, Li

1.Stops coughing and calms wheezing.

2.Moistens the Intestines and unblocks the bowels.

ç´«è‹‘

Zi Wan

Aster

3-9g

slightly warm,

bitter, Lu

1.Relieves cough and expels phlegm.

款冬花

Kuan Dong Hua

Coltsfoot

1.5-9g

warm, acrid

Lu

1.Redirects the qi downward and stops coughing.

苏子

Su Zi

Purple perilla

4.5-9g

warm, acrid

Lu, Li

1.Stops coughing and wheezing, redirects the qi downward,

and dissolves phlegm.

2.Moistens the intestine.

枇杷叶

Pi Pa Ye

Loquat

4.5-9g

cool, bitter

Lu, St

1.Transforms phlegm, clears lung heat, and redirects

Lung qi downward.

2.Harmonizes the stomach, clears stomach heat, and redirects stomach qi downward.

百部

Bai Bu

Stemona

3-9g

slightly warm,

sweet, bitter

Lu

1.Moistens the lungs and stops coughing,

2.Expels parasites and kills lice.

桑白皮

Sang Bai Pi

Mulbary

6-15g

cold, sweet

Lu, Sp

1.Stops coughing and wheezing and drains heat from the Lung.

2.Promotes urination and reduces edema.

3.Also recently used for hypertension.

葶苈子

Ting Li Zi

Descurainia

3-9g

cold, acrid,

bitter,

Ub

1.Drains the Lungs, reduces phlegm, and calms wheezing.

2.Moves water and reduces edema.

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

马兜鈴

Ma Dou Ling

Aristolochia

3-9g

cold, bitter,

slightly acrid,

Lu, Li

1.Clears the Lungs, transforms phlegm, stops coughing, and

calms wheezing.

2.Recently used for hypertension.

3.Also used for bleeding hemorrhoids.

木蝴蝶

Mu Hu Die

Oroxylum

1.5-6g

cool, sweet

bland,

Liv, Lu

1.Moistens the lung and clears the voice.

2.Comfort the liver and regulates the qi.

3.Also used topically to promote healing of ulcerated supperative sores.

礞石

Meng Shi

9-15

neutral, salty

Liv, Lu

1.Directs qi downward and reduces phlegm.

2.Calms the liver and controls palpitation and seizures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.HERBS THAT EXPEL PHLEGM BY INDUCING VOMITING

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

瓜蒂

Gua Di

Melonj pedicle

2.5-5g

bitter,cold

St

1.Inducing vomiting to relieve phlegm-heat or retained food.

2.Dispels damp-heat and relieves jaundice.

藜芦

Li Lu

Veratrum

0.3-0.9g

acrid, bitter

cold, toxic

Liv, Lu, St

1.Induces vomiting to treat wind-phlegm.

2.Kills parasites and stops itching.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER SEVEN: Aromatic Herbs that Transform Dampness

1.Aromatic Herbs that Transform Dampness

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

藿香

Huo Xiang

Agastache

4.5-9g

slightly warm,

acrid,

Lu, Sp, St

1.Aromatically transforms dampness.

2.Harmonizes the middle burner and stops vomiting.

3.Releases the exterior and transforms turbidity.

佩蘭

Pei Lan

Eupatorium

4.5-9g

neutral, acrid

Sp, St

1.Aromatically transforms dampness.

2.Transforms dampness and releases summerheat.

厚朴

Hou Po

Magnolia

3-9g

warm, aromatic,

bitter, acrid,

Li, Lu, Sp

1.Promotes the movement of qi, transforms dampness nand

resolves stagnation.

2.Warms and transforms phlegm and directs rebellious qi downward.

苍朮

Cang Zhu

Atractylodes

4.5-9g

warm, aromatic

bitter, acrid

Sp, St

1.Strongly dries dampness and strengthens the spleen.

2.Expels wind dampness.

3.Clears dampness in the lower burner.

4.Induces sweating and releases exterior disorders.

5.Improves vision.

白豆蔲

Bai dou Kou Cardamon

3-6g

warm, aromatic

acrid,

Lu, Sp, St

1.Aromatically transforms dampness.

2.Warms the middle burner and causes rebellious qi to descend.

3.Promotes the movement of qi and transforms stagnation.

草豆蔲

Cao dou Kou

Galangal

1.5-6g

warm, aromatic

acrid,

Sp, St

1.Dries dampness and warms the middle.

草果

Cao guo

Tsaoko

1.5-6g

warm, acrid

Sp, St

1,Strongly dries dampness and disperses cold.

2.Checks malarial disorders.

3.Dissolves stagnation and distention.

砂仁

Sha Ren

Cardaman

1.5-9g

warm, aromatic

acrid,

Sp, St

1.Transforms dampness and stops vomiting.

2.Promotes the movement of qi and strengthen the stomach,

3.Calms the fetus.

4.Also used in herbal prescriptions with tonifying herbs to

prevent them from causing stagnation.

CHAPTER EIGHT:Herbs that Relieve Food Stagnation

1.HERBS THAT RELIEVE FOOD STAGNATION

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

山楂

Sha Zha

Haethorn

9-15g

slightly warm,

sour, sweet,

Liv, Sp, St

1.Reduces and guides out food stagnation.

2.Transforms blood stasis and dissipates clumps.

3.Stops diarrhea.

4.also used recently for hypertension and elevated serum

cholesterol.

麥芽

Mai Ya

Barley Sprout

9-15g

neutral, sweet

Liv, Sp, St

1.Reduces food stagnation and strengthens the stomach.

2.Inhibits lactation.

3.Facilitates the smooth flow of liver Qi.

谷芽

Gu Ya

Rice Sprout

9-15g

neutral, sweet

Sp, St

1.Reduces food stagnation and strengthens the stomach.

神粬

Shen Qu

Medicated Leaver

6-15g

warm, sweet

acrid,

Sp, St

1.Reduces food stagnation and harmonizes the stomach.

2.Also added to pills that contain minerals to aid in their

digestion and absorption.

鸡內金

Ji Nei Jin

Chicken Gizzard's

internal Lining

3-9g

neutral, sweet

Ub, Sp, St,

Si

1.Strongly reduces food stagnation and improves the spleen's transportive functions.

2.Secures the essence and stops enuresis.

3.Transforms hardness and dissolves stones.

莱菔子

Lai Fu Zi

Radish

6-12g

 

neutral, acrid,

sweet,

Lu, Sp, St

 

 

1.Reduces food stagnation and transforms accumulation.

2.Causes qi to descend and reduces phlegm.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER NINE:Herbs that Regulate the Qi

1.HERBS THAT REGULATE THE QI

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

陳皮

Chen Pi

Tangerine

(Peel)

3-9g

warm, aromatic

acrid, bitter,

Lu, Sp, St

1.Regulates the qi, improves the transportive function of the

Spleen, adjusts the middle, and relieves the diaphragm.

2.Dries dampness and transforms phlegm.

3.Helps prevent stagnation.

靑皮

Qing Pi

Tangerine

(Immature)

3-9g

warm, Bitter

acrid,

Li, Si, Sp, St

1.Spreads the liver qi stagnant.

2.Dissipates clumps and reduces stagnation.

D.Dries dampness and transforms phlegm.

4.Recently used for raising blood pressure.

大腹皮

Da Fu Pi

Betel husk

6-9g

slightly warm,

acrid,

Li, Si, Sp, St

1.Promotes the downward movement of qi and reduces stagnation.

2.Expels dampness.

3.Promotes urination and reduces edema.

枳实

Zhi Shi

Bitter Orange

3-9g

slightly cold,

bitter, acrid

Li, Sp, St

1.Breaks up stagnant qi and reduces accumulation.

2.Directs the qi downward and unblocks the bowels.

香附子

Xiang Fu Zi

Cyperus

4.5-12g

neutral, acrid

slightly bitter,

slightly sweet

Liv, Sj

1.Spreads and regulates Liver qi.

2.Regulates menstruation and alleviates Pain.

鸟药

Wu Yao

Lindera

3-9g

neutral, acrid,

Ub, Ki, Lu, Sj

1.Promotes the movement of qi and alleviates pain.

2.Warms the Kidneys.

沈香

Chen Xiang

Aloes Wood

1.5-3g

warm,

aromatic,

acrid, bitter,

Ki, Sp, St

1.Promotes the movement of qi and alleviates pain.

2.Directs rebellious qi downward and regulates the middle.

3.Aids the kidneys in grasping the qi.

 

 

 

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

檀香

Tan Xiang

Sandawood

1.5-3g

warm,

aromatic,

acrid,

Lu, Sp, St

1.Promotes the movement of qi and alleviates pain.

2.Recently used in treating coronary artery disease.

木香

Mu Xiang

Costus

1.5-9g

warm, acrid

bitter,

Gb, Sp, St, Li

1.Promotes the movement of qi and alleviates pain.

2.Adjusts and regulates stagnant qi in Intestines

3.Strengthens the spleen and prevents stagnation.

川楝子

Chuan Lian Zi

Sichuan Pagodo

3-9g

cold,

slightly toxic,

bitter, Ub, Liv,

St, Si

1.Promotes the movement of qi and stops pain.

2.Clears heat, Dries dampness, regulates the qi, and alleviates

pain.

3.Kills parasites and stops pain.

4.Also used topically in powder form tinea of the scalp.

薤白

Xie Bai

Chive

4.5-9g

warm, acrid,

bitter,

Liv, Lu, St, Sp

1.Unblocks the Yang qi and disperses cold phlegm.

2.Promotes the movement of qi and blood and alleviates pain.

3.Directs the qi downward and reduces stagnation.

佛手

Fo Shou

Citrys medica

3-9g

slightly warm,

acrid, bitter,

Liv, Lu, St, Sp

1.Spread and regulates the Liver qi.

2.Harmonizes the stomach qi stagnation with epigastric pain.

3.Dries dampness and transforms phlegm.

荔枝核

Li Zhi He

Leechee

6-15g

warm, sweet,

astringent,

Liv, St

1.Regulates the qi and stops pain.

2.Disperses cold and stagnation and stops pain.

玫瑰花

Mei Gui Hua

Rosa Rugosa

1.5-6g

warm, sweet,

slightly bitter,

Liv, Sp

1.Promotes the movement of qi and relieves constraint.

2.Promotes the movement of qi and harmonizes the blood,

and disperses stasis.

柿蒂

Shi Di

Persimon Calyx

6-12g

neutral, bitter,

astringent,

Lu, St

1.Directs the qi downward and stops hiccups.

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER TEN:Herbs that Regulate the Blood

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

蒲黃

Pu Huang

Cattail Pollen

4.5-12g

sweet, acrid,

neutral

Liv, Ht, Sp

1.Stops bleeding.

2.Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis

 

地楡

Gi Yu

Sanguisorba

6-15g

slightly cold,

bitter, sour,

Liv, Li, St

1.Cools the blood and stops bleeding.

2.Clears heat and generates flesh.

白茅根

Bai mao Gen

Imperata

9-24g

cold, sweet,

Lu, St, Ub, Si

1.Cools the blood and stops bleeding.

2.Quells heat and promotes urination.

3.Clears heat from the stomach and lung.

槐花米

Huai Hua Mi

Sophora

6-15g

cool, bitter,

Liv, Li

1.Cools the blood and stops bleeding.

2.Cools the liver.

側柏叶

Ce Bai Ye

Arborvitae

6-15g

slightly cold,

bitter,astringent

Ht, Liv, Li

1.Cools the blood and stops bleeding.

2.Stops coughing and expels phlegm.

3.promotes healing of burns.

茜草根

Qian Cao gen

Madder Root

6-15g

cold, bitter

Ht, Liv

1.Cools the blood and stops bleeding.

2.Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis.

大蓟

Da Ji

Thistle

4.5-15g

cool, sweet

Liv, Sp

1.Cools the blood and stops bleeding.

2.Reduces swelling and generates flesh at sores.

三七

San Qi

Notoginseng

1-3g

warm, bitter

astringent,

Liv, St, Li

1.Stops bleeding and transforms blood stasis.

2.Reduces swelling and alleviates pain.

伏龙肝

Fu ling gan

Ignited

15-60g

warm, acrid,

Sp, St

1.Warms the blood and stops bleeding.

2.Warms the stomach and stops vomiting.

3.Stops diarrhea.

1.HERBS THAT STOP BLEEDING

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

降香

Jing Xiang

Albergia

1.5-3g

warm, acrid

Liv, Sp, St

1.Disperses blood stasis and stops bleeding.

2.Invigorates the blood, promotes the movement of qi and

alleviates pain.

蓮房

Lian fang

lotus pedunole

3-9g

warm, bitter,

astringent,

Liv, Sp, Ki

1.Disperses blood stasis and stops bleeding.

2.Stops bleeding and calms the fetus.

3.Dispels summerheat and dampness.

花蕊石

Hua rui shi

ophicalcite

3-9g

neutral, sour,

astringent,

Liv

1.Disperses blood stasis and stops bleeding.

白芨

bai Ji

baetilla

3-15g

cool, bitter,

sweet,

Lu, St, Liv

1.Restrains leakage of blood and stops bleeding.

2.Reduces swelling and generates flesh.

仙鹤草

Xian he cao

Agrimony

9-15g

neutral,bitter,

acrid,

Lu, Liv, Sp

1.Restrains leakage of blood and stops bleeding.

2.Alleviates diarrhea and dysenteric disorders.

3.Kills parasites.

血余炭

Xue Yu Tan

Charred Human Hair

1.5-9g

neutral,bitter,

Ht, Liv, Ki

1.Restrains leakage of blood and stops bleeding.

2.Promotes urination.

棕櫚皮

Zong Lu Pi

Trachycarpus

9-15g

neutral, bitter,

astringent,

Liv, Li, Lu, Sp

1.Binds and stops bleeding.

藕节

Ou Jie

lotus node

9-15g

neutral,sweet,

astringent,Lu

St, Liv

1.Stops Bleeding.

紫珠

Zi zhu

callicarpa

15-30g

neutral, bitter,

Liv, Lu, Sp

1.Stops bleeding.

2.Also used for burns and sores.

艾叶

Ai Ye

warm Wood

warm, bitter,

acrid,

Liv, Ki

1.Warms the womb and stops bleeding.

2.Warms the womb and pacifies the fetus.

3.Disperses cold and alleviates pain.

 

2.HERBS THAT INVIGORATE THE BLOOD

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

川芎

Chun Xiong

Szechuan

3-6g

warm, acrid

Liv, Gb, Pc

1.Invigorates the blood and promotes the movement of qi.

2.Expels wind and alleviates pain.

3.Headaches

丹蔘

Dan Shen

salvia

6-15g

slightly cold,

bitter,

Pc, Liv

1.Invigorates the blood and breaks up blood stasis.

2.Clears heat and soothes irritability.

鸡血藤

Ji Xue Teng

Spatholobus

9-15g

warm, bitter,

sweet,

Ht, Liv, Sp

1.Promotes the movement of and tonifies the blood.

2.Invigorates the channels and relaxes the sinews.

3.Tonifies the blood and invigorates the channels.

延胡索

Yan Hu Suo

Corydalis

4.5-9g

warm, acrid,

bitter,

Ht, Lu, Liv

1.Invigorates the blood and alleviates pain.

2.Promotes the movement of qi and alleviates pain.

鬱金

Yu Jin

Turmeric

4.5-9

cool, acrid,

bitter,

Ht, Lu, Liv

1. Invigorates the blood and breaks up blood stais.

2.Promotes the movement of qi.

3.Clears heart and cools the blood.

4.Benefits the Gallbladder and reduces jaundice.

姜黃

Jiang Huang

Turmeric

3-9g

warm, acrid,

bitter,

Sp, St, Liv

1.Invigorates the blood and unblocks menstruation.

2.Promotes the movement of qi and alleviates pain.

3.Expels wind and promotes the movement of blood.

益母草

Yi Mu Cao

Throughout

9-30g

slightly cold,

acrid, bitter,

Liv, Ub

1.Invigorates the blood and regulates the menstruation.

2.Invigorates the blood and reduces masses.

3.Promotes urination and reduces swelling.

泽蘭

Ze lan

buglewood

3-9g

slightly warm,

aromatic,acrid

Liv, Sp

1.Promotes the movement of blood and menstruation.

2.Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis.

3.Promotes urination.

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INIDCATIONS

月季花

Yue Ji Hua

Rosa Chinensis

3-9g

warm, sweet

Liv

1.Invigorates the blood and regulates the menses.

2.Reduces swellings.

絲瓜絡

Si Gua Luo

Skeleton of

spong

6-12g

neutral, sweet,

Lu, St, Liv

1. Expels wind and invigorates the channels,

2.Expels phlegm.

3.Expels summerheat and promotes urination.

4.Benefits the breasts.

赤芍

Chi Shao

Red Peopny

4.5-9g

slightly cold,

sour, bitter,

Liv, Sp

1.Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis.

2.Clears heat and cools the blood.

3.Clears Liver,

虎杖

Tao Ren

Knotweed root

4.5-9

cold, bitter

Liv, Lu, Gb

1.Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis.

2.Clears heat and resolves dampness.

3.Drains heat and downward, transforms phlegm, and stops coughing.

4.Discharges toxin.

桃仁

Tao Ren

Peach pit

4.5-9g

neutral, bitter,

sweet, heat,

Li, Liv, Lu

1.Breaks up blood stasis.

2.Moistens the Intestines and unblocks the bowels.

紅花

Hong Hua

Safflower

3-9g

warm, acrid

Ht, Liv

1.Invigorates the blood and unblocks menstruation.

2.Dispels blood stasis and alleviates pain.

莪朮

E Zhu

Zedoaria

3-9g

warm, bitter,

acrid,

Liv, Sp

1.Breaks up blood stasis, Promotes the movement of qi, and

alleviates pain.

2.Dissolves accumulations and alleviates pain.

三棱

San Leng

Scirpus

3-9g

neutral,

bitter, acrid

Liv, Sp

1.Forcefully breaks up blood stasis, promotes the movement of

qi, and alleviates pain.

2.Dissolves accumulations.

 

 

 

 

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

乳香

Ru Xiang

Frankincense

3-9g

warm, acrid,

bitter,

Ht, Liv, Sp

1.Invigorates the blood and promotes the movement of qi.

2.Relaxes the sinews, invigorates the channels, and alleviates

the channels.

3.Reduces swelling and generates flesh.

沒药

Mo Yao

Myrrh

3-12g

neutral, bitter

Ht,

Liv,

Ki

 

1.Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis, reduces swelling and alleviates pain.

2.Promotes healing.

 

牛膝

Niu Xi

Achyranthes

3-15g

neutral, bitter

sour

Liv, Ki

1.Invigorates the blood and expels blood stasis.

2.Strengthens the sinews and bones and benefits the joints.

3.Clears damp-heat in the lower burner.

4.Induces the downward movement of blood

王不留行

Wang Bu Li Xing

Vaccaria

3-9g

neutral, bitter

Liv, St

1.Promotes the movement of blood and invigorates the channels.

2.Reduces swelling.

路路通

LuLuTong

Sweetgum

3-9g

neutral, bitter

Liv, St

1.Promotes the movement of qi and blood, open the middle burner, and unblocks the channel

2.Promotes urination.

 

刘寄奴

Liu Ji Nu

artemesia

3-9g

warm, bitter

Ht, Sp

1.Dispels blood stasis, unblocks menstruation, and alleviates pain.

2.Used topically as a power for contusions, burns, and bleeding

from wounds.

自然銅

Zi Ran Tong

Pyrite

3-9g

neutral, acrid

bitter

Liv, Ki

1.Dispels blood stasis and promotes the healing of bones and sinew.

血竭

Xue Jie

dragon's

blood

0.3-1.5g

neutral, sweet, salty,

Ht, Liv

1,Dispels blood stasis and alleviates pain.

2.Stops bleeding.

3.Protests the surface of ulcer, prevents decay and generates flesh.

 

 

 

 

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

苏木

Su Mu

Sappanwood

3-9g

neutral, sweet,

salty, Ht, Liv,

Sp

1.Invigorates blood, reduces swellings, and alleviates pain,

2.Stops bleeding.

五灵脂

Wu Ling Zhi

Pteropus

3-9g

warm, bitter

sweet,

Liv, Sp

1.Disperses blood stasis and alleviates pain.

2.Transforms stasis and stops bleeding.

3.Used for childhood nutritional impairment with focal distention.

瓦楞子

Wa Leng Zi

Cockle Shell

9-15g

neutral, sweet

salty

Liv, St

1.Invigorates the blood, dissolves phlegm, and dissipates nodules.

2.Absorbs acid and alleviates pain.

穿山甲

Chuan shan jia

anteater

scales

3-9g

cool, salty

Liv, St

1.Disperses blood stasis, unblocks menstruation, and promotes

lactation.

2.Reduces swelling and promotes discharge of pus

3.Expels wind-dampness from the channels.

干漆

Gan Qi

Sapprepded as

laccquer

0.01-0.1g

warm,

slightly toxic,

acrid, bitter

Liv, St

1.Breaks up and blood stasis and purges hardness.

2.Kills parasites.

土鳖虫

Tu Bie Cong

eupolyphaga

3-6g

cold, toxic

salty,

Liv, Ht, Sp

1.Breaks up and drives out blood stasis.

2.Renews sinews and joins bones.

æ°´è›­

Shui Zhi

leech

1.5-3g

neutral, slightly

toxic, salty,

bitter,

Liv, Ub

1.Breaks up and dries out blood stasis and reduces immobile masses.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ELEVEN:Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

附子

Fu Zi

aconite

1.5-15g

Hot, toxic,

acrid, Ht,

Ki, Sp

1.Releases devastated yang.

2.Warms the fire and assists the yang.

3.Disperses cold, warms the channels, and alleviates pain.

干姜

Gan Jiang

Dried Ginger

3-12g

hot, acrid,

Ht, Lu, Sp, St

1.Warms the middle and expels cold.

2.Reduces devastated yang and expels interior cold.

3.Warms the Lung and transforms phlegm.

4.Warms the channels and stops bleeding.

肉桂

Rou Gui

saigon

cinnamon

1.5-4.5g

hot,acrid,

sweet

Ht, Ki, Liv, Sp

1.Warms the Kidneys and fortifies the Yang.

2.Leads the fire back to its source.

3.Disperses deep cold, warm the channels, unblocks the channels and vessels pain.

4.Encourages the generates of qi and blood.

 

吴茱萸

Wu Zhu Yu

evodia

3-9g

hot,

slightly toxic

acrid, bitter

Ki, Liv,Sp, St

1.Warms the middle, disperses cold, relieves constraint in Liver

channel, and alleviates pain.

2.Redirects rebellious qi downward and stops vomiting.

3.Warms the spleen, stop diarrhea, and expels damp cold.

4.Leads fire downward.

川椒

Chuan Jiao

Szechuan

pepper

1.5-6g

hot,

slightly toxic,

acrid

Ki, Sp, St

1.Warms the middle burner, disperses cold, and alleviates pain.

2.Kills parasites and alleviates abdominal pain.

丁香

Ding Xiang

clove

1.5-4.5g

warm, acrid

Ki, Sp, St

1.Warms the middle burner and directs rebellious qi downward.

2.Warms the kidney and aids the yang.

小茴香

Xiaohuixiang

Fennel

3-9g

warm, acrid

Liv, Ki, Sp, St

1.Spread the liver qi, warms the kidneys, expels cold, and

alleviates pain.

2.Regulates the qi and harmonizes the stomach.

 

 

 

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION &INDICATIONS

高良姜

Gao Liang Jiang

lesser galangal

1.5-9g

hot, acrid

Sp, St

1.Warms the middle and alleviates pain

荜拔

Bi Ba

long pepper

1.5-4.5g

hot, acrid

St, Li

1.Warms the middle, disperses cold from the stomach and intestines, and alleviates pain.

2.Topically applied as a powder for toothache.

胡椒

Hu Jiao

Black pepper

1.5-4.5g

hot, acrid

St, Li

1.Warms the middle and disperses cold.

豆豉姜

Dou chi Jiang

litsea

1.5-6g

warm, acrid

aromatic

Liv, Lu

1.Expels wind and dampness, promotes the movement of qi, and alleviates pain.

2.Promotes the movement of qi and blood, warms the channels, and alleviates pain.

3.Also used for chills, headaches, and muscle ache due to an exterior disorder.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPER TWELVE:Tonifying Herbs

1.HERBS THAT TONIFY THE QI

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

人蔘

Ren Shen

Ginseng

1-9g

Slightly warm,

sweet,

slightly bitter,

Lu, Sp

1.Strongly tonifies the basal qi.

2,Tonifies the lungs and augments the qi.

3.Strengthens the spleen and tonifies the stomach.

4.Generates fluids and stops thirst.

5.Benefits the heart qi and calms the spirit.

党蔘

Dang Shen

Codonopsis

9-30g

neutral, sweet

Lu, Sp

 

1.Tonifies the middle burner and augments the qi.

2.Tonifies the Lung.

3.Strengthens the qi and nourishes fluids.

太子蔘

Tai Zi Shen

Pseudostellaria

9-30g

neutral, sweet

slightly bitter,

Lu, Sp

1.Strengthens the spleen and augment the qi.

2.Generates fluids.

黃芪

Huang Qi

astragalus

9-30g

slightly warm,

sweet,

Lu, Sp

1.Tonifies the spleen and augment the qi.

2.Raises the yang qi of the spleen and stomach.

3.Augment the protective qi and stabilizes the exterior.

4.Tonifies the qi and blood.

5.Promotes urination and reduces edema.

6.Promotes the discharge of pus and generates flesh.

山药

Shan Yao

chiness yam

9-30g

neutral, sweet

Ki, Lu, Sp

1.Tonofies and augments the spleen and stomach.

2.Tonifies the lung qi and augments the lung yin.

3.Tonifies the kidneys and also stabilizes and binds.

白朮

Bai zhu

atractylodes

4.5-9g

warm, bitter

Ki, Lu, Sp

1.Tonifies the spleen and augments the qi.

2.Stabilizes the spleen and augments the lung yin.

3.Strengthens the spleen and calms the fetus.

大枣

Da Zao

Date

3-12g

 

neutral, sweet

Spleen, Stomach

1.Tonifies the spleen and augments the qi.

2. Nourishes the blood and calms the spirit.

3.Moderates and harmonizes the harsh properties of other

herbs.

 

 

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

甘草

Gan Cao

locorice

2-12g

neutral(row),

warm(dried fried)

sweet,

all 12 channel

principally: Ht, Lu,

Sp, St

 

1.Tonifies the spleen and augments the qi.

2.Moistens the Lungs and stops coughing,

3.Clears heat and relieves fire toxicity.

4.Moderates spasm s and alleviates pain.

5.Moderates and harmonizes the characteristics of other herbs.

6.Also used as an antidote for a variety of toxic substances, both internally and topically.

黃精

Huang Jing

solomon seal

6-18g

neutral, sweet

Ki, Lu, Sp

1.Tonifies the spleen qi and augments the spleen yin.

2. Moistens the lungs.

3.Tonifies the kidneys and augments the essence.

4.Also used for wasting and thirsting disorder.

飴糖

Yi Tang

barley malt

sugar

30-60g

slightly warm,

sweet,

Lu, Sp, St

1.Tonifies the spleen and augments the qi.

2.Tonifies the middle buner qi and alleviates pain.

3.Omistens the lung and stops coughs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.HERBS THAT FILL THE BLOOD

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

熟地黃

Shu Di Huang

Rehmannia

9-30호

slightly warm,

sweet,

Ht, Ki, Liv

1.Tonifies the blood.

2.Nourishes the yin.

3.Nourishes the blood and tonifies the essence.

何首烏

He Sho Wu

Fleeceflower

9-30g

slightly warm,

bitter, sweet,

astringent,

Liv, Ki

1.Tonifies the liver and kidney, nourishes the Blood, and augments the essence.

2.Secures the essence and stops leakage.

3.Relieves fire toxicity,

4.Expels wind from the skin by nourishing the blood.

5.Treats malarial disorder.

当归

Dang Gui

angelica

3-15

warm, sweet,

acrid, bitter,

Ht, Liv, Sp

1.Tonifies the blood and regulates the menses.

2.Invigorates and harmonizes the blood and disperses cold.

3.Moistens the Intestines and unblocks the bowels.

4.Reduces swelling, expels pus, generates flesh, and alleviates pain.

白芍

Bai Shao Yao

White peony

6-15g

cool,bitter

sour, Liv, Sp

1.Nourishes the blood and regulates the menses.

2.Calms and curbs the liver yang and alleviates pain.

3.Preserves the yin and adjust the nutritive and protective levels.

阿膠

E Jiao

gelatin

3-15g

neutral, sweet

Liv, Ki, Lung

1.Tonifies the blood.

2.Nourishes the blood and stops bleeding.

3.Nourishes and moistens the yin.

拘杞子

Gou qi Zi

wolfbery fruit

6-18g

neutral, sweet

Liv, Lu, Ki

1.Nourishes and tonifies the liver and kidneys.

2.Benefits the essence and brightens the eyes.

3.Enriches the yin and moistens the lungs.

桑椹子

Sang Shen Zi

Mulbery fruit

6-15g

cold, sweet

Ht, Liv, Ki

1.Tonifies the blood and enriches the yin.

龙眼肉

Longt Yan Rou

Longan

6-15g

Warm, sweet

Ht, Sp

1.Tonifies and augments the heart and spleen, nourishes

the blood, and calms the spirit.

 

3.HERBS THAT FILL THE YANG

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

鹿茸

Lu Rong

Deer antler

1-3g

warm, sweet

salty

Ki, Liv

1.Tonifies the Kidneys and fortifies the yang.

2.Tonifies the governing vessel, augments essence and blood, and strengthens sinews and bones.

3.Regulates the penetrating and conception vessels and stabilizes the girdle vessel.

4.Fills and nourishes the qi and blood

蛤蚧

Ge Jie

gecko

3-7g

neutral, salty

Lu, Ki

 

1.Benefits the kidneys and fills the lungs.

2.Assists the kidney yang and augments the essence and blood.

 

冬虫夏草

dong chong

Xia cao

caterpillar

4.5-12g

warm, sweet

Lu, Ki

1.Augments the kidney and tonifies the yang.

2.Warms the womb.

3.Moistens the Intestines and facilitates passage of stool.

肉苁蓉

Roucongrong

Cistanche

9-12g

warm, sweet

salty,

Li, Ki

1.Tonifies the kidney and strengthens the yang,

2.Warms the Womb.

3.Moistens the intestines and facilitates passage of stool.

鎖陽

Suo yang

Synomorium

4.5-15g

warm, acrid

sweet

Ki, Liv

1.Tonifies the kidneys and fortifies the yang.

2.Nourishes the blood, augment the essence, and strengthens the sinews.

3.Moistens Intestines and unblocks the bowels.

淫羊藿

Yin Yang Huo

epimedium

6-15g

warm, acrid

Ki, Liv

1.Tonifies the kidneys and fortifies the yang.

2.Expels wind damp cold.

3.Tonofies the yin and yang and harnesses ascendant liver yang

巴戟天

Ba Ji Tian

Morinda

6-15g

warm, acrid

sweet,

Ki, Liv

1.Tonifies the kidneys and fortifies the yang.

2.Strengthens the sinews and bones.

3.Disperses wind and expels damp cold.

胡芦巴

Hu Lu Ba

Fenugreek

3-9g

warm, bitter

Ki, Liv

1.Warms the kidneys, disperses dampness and cold and alleviates pain.

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

胡桃仁

Hu Tao Ren

Walnut

8-30g

warm, sweet

Ki, Lu, Li

1.Tonifies the kidney and strengthens the back and knees.

2.Warms the Lung and helps the kidneys to grasp the qi.

3.Moistens the intestine and unblocks the bowels.

補骨脂

Bu Gu Zhe

Psoralea

3-9g

very warm,

acrid, bitter

Ki, Sp

1.Tonifies the kidneys and fortifies the yang.

2.Stabilizes the essence and reserves urine.

3.Tonifies and warms the spleen yang.

4.Aids the Kidneys to grasp the qi.

5.Recently used topically for alopecia, psoriasis, and vitiligo.

益智仁

Yi Zhi Ren

Black

cardamon

3-9g

warm, acrid

Ki, Liv

1.Warms the kidneys retains the essence, and holds in urine.

2.Warms cold and eliminates dampness.

仙茅

Xian Mao

Golden

eye-grass

3-9g

hot, toxic

acrid

Ki, Liv

1.Tonifies the Kidneys and fortifies yang.

2.Expels cold and eliminates dampness.

杜冲

Du chong

Eucommia

6-15g

warm, sweet

slightly acrid,

Ki, Liv

1.Tonifies the Liver and kidneys, strengthens the sinews and bones.

2.Aids in the smooth flow of qi and blood.

3.Calms the fetus.

4.Recently used for dizziness and lightheadedness (hypertension) from rising liver yang.

ç‹—è„Š

Gou Ji

Chainferm

6-15g

warm, bitter

sweet

Ki, Liv

1.Tonifies the Liver and kidneys and strengthens the sinews and bones.

2.Expels wind and dampness.

3.Stabilizes the Kidneys.

續斷

Xu Dian

Teasel

6-21g

slightly warm,

bitter, acrid

Ki, Liv

1.Tonifies the Liver and Kidneys, strengthens the sinews and bones.

2.Stops uterine bleeding and calms the fetus.

3.Promotes the movement of blood, alleviates pain, and generates flesh.

骨碎補

Gu Sui Bu

Drynaria

6-18g

warm, bitter

Ki, Liv

1.Tonifies the kidney.

2.Promotes mending of the sinews and bones.

3.Stimulates the growth of hair.

 

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

免絲子

Tu Si Zi

Dodder

9-15g

neutral, acrid

sweet,

Ki, Liv

1.Tonofies the kidneys, augments the yin, secures the essence, and reserves the urine.

2.Tonifies the Kidneys and improves vision.

3.Benefits the Spleen and kidneys and stops diarrhea.

4.Calms the fetus.

沙苑蒺藜

Sha Yuan JI Li

Astragalus

6-15g

warm, sweet

Ki, Liv

1.Fortifies the yang and secures the essence.

2.Tonifies the liver and kidneys and improves vision.

紫河車

Zi He Che

Human Placenta

1.5-4.5g

warm, sweet

salty

Liv, Lu, Ki

1.Tonifies the liver and kidneys and augments the essence.

2.Augments the qi and nourishes the blood.

3.Tonifies the lung qi and augments the kidney essence.

韭子

Jiu Zi

leak

3-9g

warm, acrid,

sweet

Ki, Liv

 

1.Warms the kidneys fortifies the yang and secures the essence.

2.Warms the stomach and stops vomiting.

æµ·ç‹—è…Ž

Hai Qi Shen

Sea dog's penis,

testicles 3-15g

hot, salty

Ki, Liv

1.Strengthens the yang and essence.

陽起石

Yang qi shi

Actrinolite

3.4-4.5g

slightly warm,

salty

Ki

1.Warms the kidneys and lower burner and fortifies the yang.

2.Warms the womb.

鹅管石

E Guan Shi

stalactites

9-30g

warm, sweet

Lu

1.Strengthens the yang, transforms phlegm, and directs the qi

downwards.

2.Benefits the qi and promotes lactation.

æµ·é¾™

Hai long

pipe fish

3-9g

slightly warm,

sweet, salty

Ki

1.Tonifies the kidneys and strengthens the yang.

2.Reduces swelling and dissipates nodules.

海蔘

Hai ma

Sea horse

warm, sweet

salty

Ki, Liv

1.Tonifies the kidneys and fortifies the yang.

2.Invigorates the blood.

 

 

 

 

 

3.HERBS THAT TONIFY THE YIN

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

沙蔘

Sha Shen

Adenphoria

9-15g

cool, sweet

slightly bitter

bland

Lu, St

1.Moistens the lungs and stops coughs.

2.Nourishes the stomach, generates fluids, and clears heat.

西洋蔘

Xi Yang Shen

America ginseng

Ht, Ki, Lu

2.4-9g

cool, sweet

slightly bitter

Ht, Ki, Lu

1.Benefits the qi, generates fluids, and nourishes the yin.

2.Nurtures the lung yin and clears fire from the lungs.

天門冬

Tianmendong

Asparagus

6-15g

very cold,

sweet,

slightly bitter

Ht, Lu, St

1.Nourishes kidney yin and clears lung heat.

2.Moistens the lungs, nourishes the kidneys, and generates fluids.

麥門冬

Maimendong

Ophiopogon

6-15g

slightly cold,

sweet,

slightly bitter

Ht, Lu, St

1.Moistens the lung and stops cough.

2.Augments the stomach yin and generates fluids.

3.Clears the heart yin and eliminates irritability.

4.Moistens the intestines.

石斛

Shi Hu

Dendrobium

6-15g

cold, sweet

slightly salty,

bland

Ki, St

1.Nourishes the yin, clears heat.

2.Nourishes stomach yin deficiency.

3.Also used to brighten the vision and strengthen the lower

back.

玉竹

Yuzhu

solomon's seal

9-15g

slightly cold,

sweet,

Lu, St

1.Nourishes the yin and moistens dryness.

2.Extinguishes wind and softens and moistens the sinews.

百合

Bai He

Lily Bulb

9-30g

slightly cold,

sweet,

slightly bitter

Ht, Lu

1.Moistens the lungs clears heat, and stops cough.

2.Clears the heart and calms the spirit.

桑寄生

Sang Ji Sheng

Mistletoe

9-30g

neutral, bitter

Ki, Liv

1.Tonifies the liver and kidneys, strengthens the sinews and bones, and expels wind dampness.

2.Nourishes the blood and calms the womb.

3.Nourishes the blood and benefits the skin.

4.Recently used for treating hypertension.

 

 

 

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

旱蓮草

Hanliancao

Eclipta

9-15g

cool, sweet

sour

Ki, Liv

1,Nourishes and tonifies the liver and kidney yin.

2.Cools the blood and stops bleeding.

女貞子

Nuzhenzi

Privet fruit

4.5-15g

neutral, bitter,

sweet

Ki, Liv

1.Nourishes and tonifies the Liver and kidneys.

2.Augments the liver and kidneys and clears heat from deficiency.

3.Augments the liver and kidneys and improves vision.

黑芝麻

Hei Zhi Ma

Black Sesame

9-30g

neutral, sweet

Ki, Liv

1.Nourishes and fortifies the liver and kidneys.

2.Nourishes the blood and extinguishes wind.

3.Moistens and lubricates the intestines.

龟板

Gui Ban

Turtle(F,W)

Ventral aspect

9-30g

cold, salty

sweet

Ht, Ki, Liv

1.Nourishes the yin and anchors the yang.

2.Benefits the kidneys and strengthens the bones.

3.Cools blood and stops uterine bleeding.

4.Nourishes the blood and tonifies the heart.

5.Also for non healing sore and ulcerations.

鳖甲

Bie Jia

Snapping turtle

Dorsal aspect

9-30g

slightly cold.

salty

Liv, Sp

1.Nourishes the yin and anchors the yang.

2.Invigorates the blood, promotes menstruation, and dissipates nodules.

癩汉果

Luo Han Guo

Momordica

9-15g

neutral, sweet

Lu, Sp

1.Moistens and cools the lungs.

2.Dissipates nodule.

白木耳

Bai Mu Er

Tremella

3-9g

neutral, sweet,

bland

Lu, St

1.Nourishes the stomach yin, moistens the lungs, and generates fluid.

2.Nourishes the lung yin.

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER THIRTEEN:Herbs that Stabilize and Bind

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

 

山茱萸

Shan Zhu Yu

Cernetian cherry

3-12g

 

slightly warm,

sour

Kidney, Liv

1.stabilizes the kidneys and retain the essence.

2.Stops excessive sweating and supports that which has collapsed.

3.Tonifies and augments the liver and kidneys.

4.Stabilizes the menses and stops bleeding

五味子

Wu Wei Zi

Schisandra

1.5-9g

warm, sour

Ht, Ki, Lu

1.Contains the leakage of Lung qi and stops coughing.

2.Tonifies the kidneys, binds up essence, and stops diarrhea.

3.Inhibits sweating and generates fluids.

4.Quiets the spirit and calms the heart.

5.recently used for allergic skin disorders and to improve liver Function inpatients with hepatitis.

鸟梅

Wu Mei

Mume fruit

3-9g

warm, sour

Li, Lu, Sp

1.Inhibits the leakage of lung qi and stops coughs.

2.Binds up the intestines and stops diarrhea.

3.Generates fluids and alleviates thirst.

4.Expels roundworms and alleviates pain.

5.Stops bleeding.

6.Used topically as a plaster to treat corns and warts

赤石脂

Chi Shi Zhi

Halloysite

9-30g

warm, sweet

sour, astringent

Sp, St, Li

1.Binds up the intestine and stops diarrhea.

2.Contains blood and stops bleeding.

3.Promotes healing of wounds.

訶子

He Zi

Teminalia

3-9g

neutral, bitter,

sour, astringent

Lu< Sy, Li

1.Binds up the intestines and stops diarrhea.

2.Contains the leakage of lung qi, coughing, and improves the condition of the wounds.

肉荳蔲

RouDouKou

Nutmeg

1.5-9g

warm, acrid

Li, Sp, St

1.Binds up intestines and stops diarrhea.

2.Warms the middle burner, moves the qi, and alleviates pain.

 

 

 

 

 

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

罌粟殼

Ying Su Ke

Opium poppy

Husk

1.5-6g

neutral, toxic

sour, astringent

Ki, Lu, Li

1.Contains the leakage of lung qi.

2.Binds up the intestines.

3.Stabilizes the lower burner.

4.Alleviates pain.

石榴皮

Shi Liu Pi

Pomegranate

3-9g

warm, toxic

sour, astringent

Ki, St, Li

1.Binds up the intestines and stops diarrhea.

2.Stabilizes the kidneys and retains the essence.

3.Kills parasites.

椿皮

Chun Pi

ailanthus

3-15g

cold, bitter

astringent

Li, St

1.Clears heat, dries dampness, and binds up the intestines.

2.Kills parasites.

禹粮石

Yuliangshi

Limonite

6-15g

neutral, sweet,

astringent

Li, St

1.Binds up spleen and stops diarrhea.

2.Restrains, inhibits, and stops bleeding.

蓮子

Lian Zi

lotus seed

6-15g

neutral, sweet

astringent

Ki, Sp

1.Tonifies the Spleen and stops diarrhea.

2.Stabilizes the kidneys and stabilizes the essence.

芡实

Qian Shi

Euryale

9-15g

neutral, sweet

astringent

Ki, Sp

1.Stabilizes the kidneys and retains the essence.

2.Binds up the intestines and stops diarrhea.

金櫻子

JinYingZi

Rosa

Laevigata

4.5-9g

neutral, sour

astringent

Ub, Ki, Li

1.Augments and stabilizes the kidneys, binds the essence,

and stops diarrhea.

2.Binds up the Intestines and stops diarrhea.

覆盆子

Jin Ying Zi

Raspherry

4.5-9g

slightly warm,

sweet,

astringent,

Ki, Liv

1.Augment and stabilizes the kidneys, binds the essence, and

restrains urine.

2.Assists the yang and improves vision.

 

 

 

 

 

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS

五倍子

Wu Bei Zi

Gall-chinese

sumac

1.5-6g

cold, sour

salty

Ki, Li, Lu

1.Contains the leakage of lung qi and stops cough.

2.Binds up the intestines and stops diarrhea.

3.Preserves and restrains.

4.Absorbs moisture, reduces swellings, and relieves fire toxicity.

5,Also used topically for scar tissue.

白果

Bai Guo

Ginko nut

4.5-9g

neutral,

slightly toxic

sweet, bitter

astringent,

Ki, Lu

1.Expels phlegm and stops wheezing.

2.Eliminates dampness and stops discharge.

3.Stabilizes the lower burner,

浮小麥

Fu Xiao Mai

Wheat

9-15g

cool, sweet

salty,

Ht

1.Stops excessive sweating due to deficiency,

2.Nourishes the Heart and calms the spirit.

3.Also used for bed wetting in children.

麻黃根

Mahuanggen

Rice root

3-10g

neutral, warm

Lu

1.stops sweating cause by deficiency.

 

海螵蛸

Haipiaixiao

Cuttlebone

4.5-12

slightly warm,

salty, astringent

Ki, Liv, St

1.Stops bleeding and vaginal discharge.

2.Retains the essence.

3.Controls acidity and alleviates pain.

4.Resolves dampness and promotes healing.

5.Stops diarrhea.

桑螵蛸

Sangpiaoxiao

Nontis

egg-case

3-9

neutral, sweet

salty

Ki, Liv

1.Tonifies the kidneys, assists the yang, retains the essence, and restrains urine.

糯稻根須

Nuodaogenx

Rice root

15-60g

neutral, sweet

Ki, Liv, Lu

1.Stops sweating caused by deficiency.

2.Also used for deficient yin fever.

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER FOURTEEN:Substances that Calm the Spirit

1.SUBSTANCES THAT ANCHOR, SETTLE, AND CALM

HERB NAME

CH & NATURE

ACTION & INDICATIONS